Larvae - Temperature during larval development

(0-45 °C)

Species Primary Data Secondary Data Reference
Anguilla anguilla About 20 20.0 Deelder, 1970
Anguilla anguilla The smallest (probably just hatched) larvae were found at depths between 50 and 300 m with temperatures of 18-24°C respectively 21.0 Vincent et al, 2005
Alosa alosa 18-20 19.0 Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Alosa alosa Larvae hatched and were put in troughs, at a density c. 50 larvae l-1.Temperature varie between 18.3 and 18.6°C, dissolved oxygen between 8.4 and 7.6 mg.l-1, pH was constant at 7.6) 50.0 Jatteau and Bardonnet, 2008
Alosa alosa Aerated water at 20 (± 1°C) 20.0 Bardonnet and Jatteau, 2008
Alosa fallax Preference for a temperatures in the range 17-21°C for larvae 7.7-15.2 mm, and from 17-21.5°C for larvae 18.4-23.8 in length 19.0 Maitland and Hatton-Ellis, 2000
Alosa sapidissima 15.5-26.5 [Optimum temperature] 21.0 Carscadden and Leggett, 1975
Alosa sapidissima 15.6 15.6 Wiggins et al, 1985
Alosa sapidissima 17-25 for juveniles 21.0 Mills, 2004
Alosa sapidissima Reared at about 20°C 20.0 Johnson and Dropkin, 1995
Alosa sapidissima Rearead at 17°C 17.0 Everly and Boreman, 1999
Alosa sapidissima The temperature was maintained at 20.0 ±1°C 20.0 Zydlewski and McCormick, 1997
Alosa sapidissima Required temperatures are in the range 15.5-26.1°C. Reared at 20°C 20.8 Leach and Houde, 1999
Alosa sapidissima The temperature of water during the egg incubation and larval development was 17-18°C 17.5 Laiz-Carrion et al, 2003
Cobitis taenia 16-24 [Optimum temperature] 20.0 Vaino and Saat, 2003
Cobitis taenia 21°C [Rearing condition] 21.0 Bohlen, 2000
Cobitis taenia Fry reared at 17.4°C 17.4 Rasotto, 1992
Cobitis taenia Reared at 20-24°C 22.0 Bohlen, 1999b
Blicca bjoerkna 16°C [Reared conditions] 16.0 Mooij, 1989
Abramis brama 16-25 20.5 Sidorova, 2005
Abramis brama 13.5-34.0 without abnormalities 23.75 Kucharczyk et al, 1998
Abramis brama 17-20 18.5 Backiel and Zawiska, 1968
Abramis brama 16°C [Reared conditions] 16.0 Mooij, 1989
Abramis brama 20.0 20.0 Keckeis and Schiemer, 1992
Abramis brama Reared at 19.5-20.5 20.0 Penaz and Gajdusek, 1979
Abramis brama Optimum temperatures for larval growth (expressed as Relative growth rate: RGR, %d): 22-31°C 26.5 Wolnicki, 2005
Abramis brama Water temperature of the lake varied from 17.1 to 21°C (19°C average) during the experimental period (in a lake) 17.1 Ziliukiene, 2005
Abramis brama Water temperature in nature 12-19°C for the first six days after hatching 15.5 Brylinska and Boron, 2004
Abramis brama In all aquaria constant temperatures of 20 ± 0.5°C 20.0 Gerasimov and Stolbunov, 2007
Abramis brama Fastest growth of bream larvae (weight and length) was observed at a temperature of 27.9°C; the slowest growth was at 13.5°C. Fish reared at the highest temperature (34.0°C) grew much more slowly than those at 27.9°C, showing high weight and length variation. Lowest mortality was observed at 27.9°C; the highest was as 34°C. 27.9 Kucharczyk et al, 1997
Alburnoides bipunctatus Reared at two different temperatures: mean of 20 (range 19.6-21.2), mean of 18 (range of 16-19.8) 20.4 Penaz, 1976
Alburnus alburnus Incubation at 22.9°C 22.9 Baros, 1979
Alburnus alburnus 19-22 20.5 Keckeis and Schiemer, 1992
Alburnus alburnus Reared at 20-25°C 22.5 Kamler and Wolnicki, 2006
Alburnus alburnus Reared at 20-25°C 22.5 Wolnicki, 2005
Aristichthys nobilis 24.5 [Reared conditions] 24.5 Kilambi and Zdinak, 1981
Aristichthys nobilis 22-26 24.0 Jennigs, 1988
Aristichthys nobilis 26-30°C [Reared conditions] 28.0 Santiago et al, 2003
Aristichthys nobilis Reared at 25°C 25.0 Dabrowski, 1984
Aristichthys nobilis Reared at 25-33°C 29.0 Wolnicki, 2005
Aspius aspius Reared at 25-26°C 25.5 Kamler and Wolnicki, 2006
Aspius aspius Optimum temperatures for larval growth (expressed as Relative growth rate: RGR, %d): 22-28°C 25.0 Wolnicki, 2005
Aspius aspius The larvae were allowed to develop at 18-20°C 19.0 Ostaszewska, 2002
Aspius aspius Rearing temperature ranged from 14 and 18.7°C (mean 17.2°C) 14.0 Kujawa et al, 2007
Barbus barbus 17-24 20.5 Philippart et al, 1989
Barbus barbus 25 25.0 Wolnicki and Gorny, 1995
Barbus barbus 19-20 19.5 Pinder and Gozlan, 2004
Barbus barbus 17 ±2 17.0 Calta, 1998
Barbus barbus 23 23.0 Vandewalle et al, 1993
Barbus barbus Reared at 17.5 17.5 Krupka and Meszaros, 1993
Barbus barbus Reared at temperature between 20-21°C, close to natural conditions 20.5 Penaz, 1971
Barbus barbus Reared at 17-26 21.5 Kamler and Wolnicki, 2006
Barbus barbus Optimum temperatures for larval growth (expressed as Relative growth rate: RGR, %d): 22-28°C 25.0 Wolnicki, 2005
Barbus barbus Reared at 19°C 19.0 Krupta, 1988
Barbus barbus 21.5 ± 0.5°C 21.5 Hadi Alavi et al, 2009
Barbus barbus 21.0 ± 0.6 21.0 Policar et al, 2007
Carassius auratus Could tolerate 30 or more 30.0 Spillmann, 1961
Carassius auratus Compared with incubation at a constant 22°C, exposure of goldfish embryos and larvae to 13°C, under a variety of thermal protocols, caused increased frequencies of abnormal development and, in some cases, reduced survival to hatching. 22.0 Wiegand et al, 1989
Carassius auratus Reared at 21°C 21.0 Pozernik and Wiegand, 1997
Carassius auratus The optimum temperature for rearing eggs and larvae was 22°C [At 27°C and 17°C, there was a higher indidence of abnormal larvae at hatching and reduced viability compared to 22°C in some, but not all, experiments. Eggs incubated at 12°C produced inviable larvae. High proportions of 12°C larvae were abnormal at hatching and fish raised at 12°C failed to feed] 22.0 Wiegand et al, 1988
Carassius auratus Reared at 24°C 24.0 Wolnicki, 2005
Carassius auratus Reared at 25°C 25.0 Battle, 1940
Carassius auratus A central heater-thermostat unit was set to maintain a temperature àf 24°C 24.0 Kaiser et al, 2003
Carassius auratus The experiments investigated the effects of temperature (20, 24 and 28°C) […] Although goldfish is considered as a thermophilic species, survival was lower at 28°C than at 20 and 24°C in Experiment 1, probably due to a decrease of water quality (caused by high feeding level, up to 90% in expeirment 1) and faster development of pathogens in the rearing tanks 20.0 Kestemont, 1995
Carassius carassius 20-25, maximum size obtained and highest yolk utilization efficiency [At 5°C, no increase but the larvae were deformed and all died after 8 days] 22.5 Laurila et al, 1987
Carassius carassius Reared at 22°C 22.0 Wolnicki, 2005
Carassius carassius Different stages of embryonic, larval and juvenile development were described from fish kept at 20°C in the laboratory 20.0 Laurila and Holopainen, 1990
Chondrostoma nasus 15-18 [Optimum for Yolk feeding larvae] and 19-22 [For early externally feeding larvae], and 22 [For late larvae and juveniles] 16.5 Heckeis et al, 1996
Chondrostoma nasus 9.0-22.7 [In natural conditions] 15.85 Prokes and Penaz, 1978
Chondrostoma nasus 15-18, optimal for rearing of hatched, yolk-feeding larvae 16.5 Kamler et al, 1998
Chondrostoma nasus Optimal temperature at 16°C 16.0 Keckeis et al, 2000
Chondrostoma nasus 15-18 optimum for yolk feeding larvae and 19-25°C for exogeneous feeding larvae 16.5 Schiemer et al, 2003
Chondrostoma nasus Optimum temperature: 15-18°C for yolk-sac larvae prior to external deefind, 19°C for early steps, and 22°C for late largae 16.5 Kamler and Keckeis, 2000
Chondrostoma nasus Increase from 19.1 to 26°C [rearing conditions] 19.1 Spurny et al, 2004
Chondrostoma nasus Reared at temperature between 15-18, close to natural conditions 16.5 Penaz, 1971
Chondrostoma nasus Between 12.4 to 15.4°C 12.4 Penaz, 1974
Chondrostoma nasus Reared at 19-25 22.0 Kamler and Wolnicki, 2006
Chondrostoma nasus Optimum temperatures for larval growth (expressed as Relative growth rate: RGR, %d): 16-28°C 22.0 Wolnicki, 2005
Chondrostoma nasus Larvae were reared at 18-20°C, until 21 days posthhatching 19.0 Sysa et al, 2006
Chondrostoma nasus Reared at 25 and 28 (range ± 0.5°C) 25.0 Wolnicki and Myszkowski, 1998
Chondrostoma nasus The fish were placed in 20-L recirculation tanks at 20°C 20.0 Ostaszewka et al, 2005
Chondrostoma toxostoma 16-19 17.5 Gozlan et al, 1999
Ctenopharyngodon idella 24.5 [Reared conditions] 24.5 Kilambi and Zdinak, 1981
Ctenopharyngodon idella During the grass carp experiments, water temperature averaged 27.7°C in the outdoor facilities and about 2°C lower in the indoor tanks [Also reared in other studies at 23-25°C; 21°C, 24°C and 28.1°C; final lethal temperature of 39.7°C] 24.0 Opuszynski et al, 1985
Ctenopharyngodon idella Water temperature at the time of capture ranged from 23 to 28°C 23.0 Brown and Coon, 1991
Ctenopharyngodon idella Reared at 25°C 25.0 Dabrowski, 1984
Ctenopharyngodon idella Fry and fingerlings in India tolerated a temperature range of 16-40°C 28.0 Shireman and Smith, 1983
Ctenopharyngodon idella Reared at 23-36°C 29.5 Wolnicki, 2005
Ctenopharyngodon idella The experiment was performed at a temperature of 24°C 24.0 Szlamiska, 1987
Cyprinus carpio 20-24 [Propagation temperature] 22.0 Horvath et al, 1992
Cyprinus carpio Non lethal temperatures from 12.5-30, below 10 and above 32.5 all the eggs died 21.25 Geldhauser, 1995
Cyprinus carpio 24 [Rearing conditions] 24.0 Cahu et al, 1998
Cyprinus carpio 10-21°C 15.5 Keckeis and Schiemer, 1992
Cyprinus carpio Reared at 25°C 25.0 Dabrowski, 1984
Cyprinus carpio 20-24°C 22.0 Woynarovich, 1962
Cyprinus carpio The temperature was raised from 20°C (initial hathcing temperature) to 23°C (during the experiment) 20.0 Charlon and Bergot, 1984
Cyprinus carpio The larvae were reared at two temperatures, 20°C and 26°C, these being attained at a rate of 1°C per hour, starting from ambient hatchery temperature 20.0 Korwin-Kossakowski, 1988
Cyprinus carpio 28-29°C for carp koi 28.5 Van Damme et al, 1989
Cyprinus carpio The trial lasted 21 days following exogeneous feeding. Rearing temperatures was raised from 19.5°C at days 0 to 24°C at day 4 and kept at that temperature thereafter 21.0 Carvalho et al, 1997
Cyprinus carpio In the larval period of development an increase in water temperature within the range of optimal temperatures (18-26°C) leads to to alagging behind a growth rate comperaed to development rate 22.0 Penaz et al, 1983
Cyprinus carpio Optimum temperatures for larval growth (expressed as Relative growth rate: RGR, %d): 20-30°C 25.0 Wolnicki, 2005
Cyprinus carpio Reared at about 26 (25-27°C) 26.0 Kamler et al, 1990
Cyprinus carpio Reared at 20°C 20.0 Jezierska et al, 2006
Cyprinus carpio Reared at 23°C 23.0 Osse et al, 1986
Cyprinus carpio Reared at 21.5-22.5°C 22.0 Palikova et al, 2004
Cyprinus carpio The water temperature was kept constant at 21 ± 1°C 21.0 Schlechtreim et al, 2004
Cyprinus carpio The experiment was performed at a temperature of 24°C 24.0 Szlamiska, 1987
Cyprinus carpio Water temperature was gradually raised during 24 hours, from the initial temperature of 21.0°C to the final one of 33°C 24.0 Wozniewski, 1993
Cyprinus carpio Both strains of carp fry were fed brine shrimp until 10 days after hatching and fed commercial diet thereafter 10.0 Ito et al, 2007
Gobio gobio 20-25 [At 28 optimal growth but problem with anoxia and pathology] 22.5 Chemillier, 1995
Gobio gobio 18-20 19.0 Kennedy and Fitzmaurice, 1972
Gobio gobio Reared at 20°C 20.0 Wolnicki, 2005
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix 26-32, but 32°C is the optimum for growth and survival 29.0 Radenko and Alimov, 1991
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Reared at 25°C 25.0 Dabrowski, 1984
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Reared at 26-30°C 28.0 Santiago et al, 2003
Leucaspius delineatus After hatching free-embryos and larvae in the aquarium were subsjected to temperatures ranging between 15.1 and 27.5°C, with mean daily temperatures ranging between 16.9 and 26°C (mean 21.6°C). 15.1 Pinder and Gozlan, 2004
Leucaspius delineatus Reared at 20°C 20.0 Bonislawska et al, 1999
Leuciscus cephalus 17 ± 1 17.0 Calta, 2000
Leuciscus cephalus 18 18.0 Harzevili et al, 2003
Leuciscus cephalus Temperature was not regulated, range from 15.4-17.8°C 16.6 Penaz, 1968
Leuciscus cephalus Reared at 19-25 22.0 Kamler and Wolnicki, 2006
Leuciscus cephalus Reared at 19-25 22.0 Wolnicki, 2005
Leuciscus idus 19-20 19.5 Harzevili et al, 2004
Leuciscus idus Reared at 25°C 25.0 Wolnicki and Gorny, 1995
Leuciscus idus Reared at 20-25 22.5 Kamler and Wolnicki, 2006
Leuciscus idus Optimal temperature for larval development is about 17°C. Lethal temperatures are 23.7-29.1°C for ide larvae and juveniles. 26.4 Witkowski et al, 1997
Leuciscus idus Optimum temperatures for larval growth (expressed as Relative growth rate: RGR, %d): 19-25°C or 26-31°C 22.0 Wolnicki, 2005
Leuciscus idus Reared at 25, 28 and 31 25.0 Wolnicki et al, ???
Leuciscus idus Can be realized at 24-26°C 25.0 Kestemont and Mélard, 1994
Leuciscus idus Water was maintained at 24.0 ± 0.5°C 24.0 Hamackova et al, 2007
Leuciscus leuciscus 11-14, with a mean of 12 12.5 Kennedy, 1969
Leuciscus leuciscus About 15 15.0 Wurtz-Arlet, 1950
Leuciscus leuciscus Between 20 and 25 April 1977 and 1978 the fry (<48 h old) were stocked into cages [Heavy mortalities in starved fry kept at 10°C ( a typical mean river water temperature in late April and May) 20.0 Mills, 1982
Leuciscus leuciscus Reared at 16-25 20.5 Kamler and Wolnicki, 2006
Phoxinus phoxinus 15-16 15.5 Soin et al, 1982
Phoxinus phoxinus Reared at 20 20.0 Kamler and Wolnicki, 2006
Phoxinus phoxinus Reared at 20 20.0 Wolnicki, 2005
Phoxinus phoxinus Either at 16 or 20°C 16.0 Kestemont and Mélard, 1994
Pimephales promelas 25-26 [About 70-80°F [A.M] and 80-90°F [P.M.]] 25.5 Markus, 1934
Pseudorasbora parva 23-28 25.5 Makeyeva and Mokamed, 1982
Pseudorasbora parva Reared at 20°C 20.0 Pinder, 2005
Rhodeus sericeus 20 20.0 Aldridge, 1999
Rutilus rutilus 16°C [Reared conditions] 16.0 Mooij, 1989
Rutilus rutilus 20 20.0 Keckeis and Schiemer, 1992
Rutilus rutilus Optimum temperatures for larval growth (expressed as Relative growth rate: RGR, %d): 15-20°C 17.5 Wolnicki, 2005
Rutilus rutilus Reared from 12 to 15°C, 18 and 23°C 12.0 Horoszewicz, 1971
Rutilus rutilus During the roach tests (16-25 June) the water temperature was 15 ± 0.3°C (mean ± SE of daily measurements; range 13.5-15.7°C, increasing during the tests) 15.0 Keinänen et al, 2000
Rutilus rutilus The water temperature was was recorded hourly and controlled at 18°C and 20°C during embryogenesis and breeding, respectively 18.0 Nzau Matondo et al, 2007
Scardinius erythrophthalmus 15 15.0 Breteler, ???
Scardinius erythrophthalmus 21 ±2 21.0 Korzelecka and Winnicki, 1998
Tinca tinca Normal conditions are about 22 22.0 Geldhauser, 1995
Tinca tinca 22 22.0 Kamler et al, 1995
Tinca tinca 20.1-24.9 is the optimum [Survival was strongly decrease to 16 and 14°C] 22.5 Hamackova et al, 1995
Tinca tinca The lower limit of the tolerated temperature for growth is c. 18-19°C, the orpimal temperature range for length growth is 22-26°C, and probably even higher for the growth of body weight 18.5 Penaz et al, 1989
Tinca tinca Reared at about 20°C 20.0 Penaz et al, 1982
Tinca tinca Reared at 28 and 31°C 28.0 Wolnicki and KorwinKossakowski, 1993
Tinca tinca Optimum temperatures for larval growth (expressed as Relative growth rate: RGR, %d): 22-27°C 24.5 Wolnicki, 2005
Tinca tinca Total duration of endogenous feeding period (from egg activation to the beginning of external feeding) is 10 days at a mean temperature of 20.2, that is 202 D°. Development within an egg takes 62°D, i.e. a shorter part of endogenous feeding period. During remaining 140°C larva is fixed to submerged plants 10.0 Kubu and Kouril, 1985
Tinca tinca Water temperature during sotcking was 22°C, then gradually increased immediatly after stocking, reaching 28°C within 48 h 22.0 Wolnicki et al,2003
Tinca tinca Water temperature was maintained at 22.5 ± 1°C 22.5 Celada et al, 2007
Tinca tinca Water temperature was maintained at 24 ± 0.5°C 24.0 Celada et al, 2008
Vimba vimba Vimba larvae were raised at a constant temperature of 25 ± 0/5°C 25.0 Hliwa et al, 2003
Vimba vimba Reared at 25°C 25.0 Kamler and Wolnicki, 2006
Vimba vimba Tested temperature 19, 22, 25, 28, and 31°C 19.0 Wolnicki, 2005
Vimba vimba Optimum temperatures for larval growth (expressed as Relative growth rate: RGR, %d): 19-30°C 24.5 Wolnicki, 2005
Vimba vimba The average temperature was 24.0 ± 0.5°C, pH 8.6 ± 0.2, and dissolved oxygen 7.9 ± 0.3 mg.l-1. 24.0 Ostaszewska et al, 2008
Vimba vimba Water temperature was established to 23 ± 1°C and was monitered continously in 1-hour interval 23.0 Hamackova et al, 2009
Esox masquinongy 14-18 [Optimum incubation temperature of 58-65°F] 16.0 Wynne, 2006
Esox masquinongy Larvae were reared at 13-15°C before transfer into ponds 14.0 Rinchard et al, 2002
Esox masquinongy 20 ± 1 20.0 Anonymou,s 1982
Esox lucius 3 [larvae did not survive if left at 3°C], better at 10-20°C 15.0 Hassler, 1982
Esox lucius 12 12.0 Balvay, 1983
Esox lucius 26°C for maximum larval growth 26.0 Kerr and Grant, 1999
Esox lucius Reared at 12.5°C 12.5 Wurtz, 1944
Esox lucius Reared at 12°C 12.0 Giles et al, 1986
Esox lucius Reared at 12°C 12.0 Engström-Öst et al, 2005
Esox lucius During the pike tests (28 May-12 June) the water temperature was 11.2 ± 0.7°C (mean ± SE of daily measurements; range 8.6-13.6°C, increasing during the tests) 11.2 Keinänen et al, 2000
Esox lucius 12 12.0 Engström-öst and Lehtiniemi, 2004
Esox lucius The water temperature of the lake varied from 14.4 to 17.8°C (15.7°C on average) during the experimental period 14.4 Ziliukiene and Ziliukas, 2006
Lota lota Water temperature was constant during rearing 0.0 Harzevili et al, 2003
Lota lota Range from 10-11°C for the apperance of erythrocytes to 13°C for the onset of active swimming, and 15-16°C for the beginning of feeding 10.5 Kujawa et al, 2002
Lota lota Five constant temperatures of 12, 15, 18, 21 and 24°C (range ± 0.5°C), all in duplicate, were employed in the experiment. The fastest larval growth, either in terms of total length or body weight, was recorded for the temperature of 21°C, whereas at 12°C the larvae grew the slowest. A final survival rate of at least 90% was observed for the burbot reared at 12 and 15°C; this figure was significantly higher than at the other water temperatures. The fish reared at 12°C had the second highest survival rate at 72%. 12.0 Wolnicki et al, 2002
Lota lota Food intake by burbot larvae begins when water temperature is above 8°C. […] larvae could tolerate up to a temperature of 20°C. The temperature of spring water was 12 ± 1°C upon release of the larvae but gradually adjusted to 16 and 20°C. […] High survival of burbot larvae at a higher temperature in the first 10 days of the experiment suggests that embryos (incubation temperature before the hatching was 4 ± 1°C) and larvae differ in their physiological tolerances. [...] It seems that the most appropriate temperature for successful burbot larvae culture is ranged between 12 and 16°C, and represents a trade-off between faster growth with higher mortalities at higher temepratures and slow growth, but higher survival at lower temperatures. 12.0 Harzevili et al, 2004
Lota lota As evidenced by these results, a temperature of 21°C would be closest to the optimum growth temperature (OGT) for larvae of this species. The results presented here also indicate that a temperature of 18°C or lower and particularly 24°C are out of the optimal range for larval burbot because of either relatively slow fish growth or unsatisfactory survival or both 21.0 Wolnicki et al, 2002
Gasterosteus aculeatus Here the embryos were kept until the yolk was completely used up. During the whole of this time the temperature remained between 18° and 19°C. Under this conditions the embryos take 6-8 days to hatch, and about 4 more days to complete absorption of yolk. 7.0 Swarup, 1958
Pungitius pungitius 15 15.0 Shadrin and Ozernyuk, 2002
Micropterus dolomieui Optimal growth at 25-29°C 27.0 Kerr and Grant, 1999
Micropterus dolomieui Reared at 20 and 25°C 20.0 Siefert et al, 1974
Micropterus dolomieui Reared at 21°C 21.0 Meyer, 1970
Micropterus dolomieui 17.2-19.5 observed temperature in natural conditions 18.35 Turner and MacCrimmon, 1970
Micropterus salmoides 20°C 20.0 Heidinger, 1976
Micropterus salmoides The polled mean TL50 (=temperature at which percent viable hatch is 50%) were about 32°C 50.0 McCormick and Wegner, 1981
Micropterus salmoides The first month of growth is optimal at 25°C to 29°C 25.0 Kerr and Grant, 1999
Micropterus salmoides Reared at 21°C 21.0 Meyer, 1970
Micropterus salmoides Reared between 22 and 25°C [In other studies, trained frt more successfully at 27°C than at 22 or 25°C] 22.0 Willis and Flikinger, 1981
Micropterus salmoides Reared at 20 and 23°C 20.0 Carlson and Siebert, 1974
Micropterus salmoides Reared at 72°F, i.e. 22.5°C 72.0 Tebo and McCoy, 1964
Micropterus salmoides Water temperature was maintained at 21°C 21.0 Roncarati et al, 2005
Dicentrarchus labrax 16.5 16.5 Fishbase, 2006
Dicentrarchus labrax For the first 20 days of larval culture the water temperature was maintained at 16-18°C. Thereafter the temperature was increased at 19°C 17.0 Katavic et al, 1989
Dicentrarchus labrax 17.7-18.9°C [Rearing conditions] 18.3 Barahona-Fernandes, 1977
Dicentrarchus labrax 19 [Rearing conditions] 19.0 Cahu et al, 1998
Dicentrarchus labrax From 16 to 23°C [For larval rearing] and 23°C ±2 [For post-larval rearing] 16.0 Hatziathanasiou et al, 2002
Dicentrarchus labrax 16.5°C 16.5 Secor, ???
Dicentrarchus labrax Reared at 19 ±1°C 19.0 Barahona-Fernandes, 1979
Dicentrarchus labrax 15 ± 0.5°C 15.0 Cerda et al, 1994
Dicentrarchus labrax The percentage of anomalies observed in individuals reared at high temperature (19 for incubation/ and 19°C for cultivation) was 66.44% 19.0 Abdel et al, 2004
Dicentrarchus labrax Reared at 15, 18 and 21°C 15.0 Johnson and Katavic, 1986
Dicentrarchus labrax The water temperature in the tank ranged from 18.7 to 19.3°C 18.7 Barahona-Fernandes and Girin, 1976
Dicentrarchus labrax Rearing temperature vary between 15-20, mostly at 18-19°C 17.5 Barnabé, 1980
Morone americana 26.9-30.3 [Temperature range corresponding to 90% of maximum growth] 28.6 Kellog and Gift, 1983
Morone chrysops 30-32 °C is lethal for larvae 31.0 Internet, 2005
Morone chrysops 17.8 17.8 Kohler, 1997
Morone saxatilis 26.5-30.3 [Temperature range corresponding to 90% of mawimum growth] 28.4 Kellog and Gift, 1983
Morone saxatilis 16-17 is around the optimal for larval development and survival 16.5 Sullivan et al, 1997
Morone saxatilis Larvae can tolerate temperatures of 12-23°C, but 18-21 is optimum |Lower limit is 12 and upper limit is 28.9°C] 17.5 Rue, 2001
Morone saxatilis 18°C 18.0 Secor, ???
Morone saxatilis Reared at 15, 18, 21 and 24°C 15.0 Rogers and Westin, 1981
Morone saxatilis Rapid drops in temperature to below 12°C ar elethal to striped bass eggs and larvae 12.0 Rutherford and Houde, 1994
Morone saxatilis Temperatures were maintained at 18°C 18.0 Eldridge et al, 1982
Morone saxatilis The water temperature increased from 15.7 to 18.7°C during the 2-week experiment 15.7 Martin-Robichaud and Peterson, 1998
Morone saxatilis Rearing temperature was 17°C to 5 dph, 19°C from 6 to 10 dph and 20°C from 10 dph onwards 17.0 Macintosh and Duston, 2007
Gymnocephalus cernua 25-30 optimal temperature for larval growth, larval survival is poor below 10°C [Possibly between 7.0°C to 24.8°C] 27.5 Ogle, 1998
Gymnocephalus cernua 25-30 optimal temperature for larval growth 27.5 Craig, 2000
Gymnocephalus cernua At water temperature ranging from 16.2 to 23.2°C (mean 19.4°C), the larval period lasted 20 days 16.2 Kovac, 1998
Gymnocephalus cernua Larvae were captured at Allouez Bay from 30 May to 10 July, with peak catch the week of 13 June, corresponds to a temperature of 12-17°C on the graph. Larvae were captured at whaleback from 23 May to 3 June with a peak catch the week of 30 May, which corresponds to 12-16°c on the graph 14.5 Brown et al, 1998
Perca flavescens Optimum is 20-23°C but can tolerate a range of 2.8-27.8°C for hatch to swim-up and optimum of 20-23.9 and tolerance range of 10-30 for feeding larvae 21.5 Heidinger and Kayes, 1986
Perca flavescens 20-23.9 is the optimum [Can tolerate 2.8-27.8] 21.95 Goubier, 1990
Perca flavescens In general, water temperatures varied between 10 and 22°C and it is suspected that this range prevails in the shallow waters of the natural spawning grounds. In other studies, specimens were raised under hatchery conditions around 20°C 10.0 Mansueti, 1964
Perca flavescens Larvae were maintained in the lab in a 2.4 m diameter tank at 15-18°C under flow-through conditions 16.5 Fulford et al, 2006
Perca flavescens Peak larval yellow perch densities generally occurred during late May or early June when surface temperatures were 12-19°C 15.5 Isermann and Willis, 2008
Perca fluviatilis 16-18 and increasing temperature [Tolerate 3-28] 17.0 Craig, 2000
Perca fluviatilis Best survival and growth at 20 20.0 Wang and Eckmann, 1994
Perca fluviatilis About 20 20.0 Kestemont et al, 1996
Perca fluviatilis 17-20°C 18.5 Kestemont and Mélard, 2000
Perca fluviatilis Temperatures interval 26-29.5°C are lethal under certain conditions 27.75 Brabrand et al, 2001
Perca fluviatilis Direct mortality of perch larvae occurs if the temperature drops below 10-12°C 11.0 Urho, 1996
Perca fluviatilis Water temperature was maintained between 19.7°C and 21.6°C (mean: 20.2°C) 19.7 Tamazouzt et al, 2000
Sander lucioperca Temperatures lower than 10°C are lethal to the larvae 10.0 Schlumberger and Proteau, 1996
Sander lucioperca Optimum temperatures are in the range of 16-20°C. Growth is rather poor at 16-18°C and best between 26-30°C 18.0 Hilge and Steffens, 1996
Sander lucioperca 14-23 optimum T 18.5 Craig, 2000
Sander lucioperca 22-26 24.0 Kestemont and Mélard, 2000
Sander lucioperca 13.1 13.1 Fishbase, 2006
Sander lucioperca The optimal temperature for larval growth is 24-29°C, but in the Baltic sea such temperatures are seldom reached and the development occurs usually between 15-25°C. However, it was also suggested that larvae with the best coefficient favour temperatures between 12-16°C 26.5 Lehtonen et al, 1996
Sander lucioperca Reared at 14°C 14.0 Schlumberger and Proteau, 1991
Sander lucioperca Reared at 14-15°C 14.5 Schlumberger and Proteau, 1996
Sander lucioperca The larvae were reared at constant water temperature of 20°C, until the 30th post hatching 20.0 Ostasweska, 2005
Sander vitreus 15-21 is the optimum 18.0 Colby et al, 1979
Sander vitreus First 9-15 then 21°C 12.0 Krise and Meade, 1986
Sander vitreus 14-23 optimum T 18.5 Craig, 2000
Sander vitreus 18-20 19.0 Li and Mathias, 1982
Sander vitreus 17-20°C 18.5 Kestemont and Mélard, 2000
Sander vitreus 23°C optimal for fingerling growth 23.0 Kerr and Grant, 1999
Sander vitreus Reared at 15, 18.5 and 22°C 15.0 Johnston and Mathias, 1994
Sander vitreus Feed acceptance and survival is greater at 18.4°C than at 12.8°C, and an ideal temperature range is 15.6-18.4, with 18.4°C as optimum/ 17.0 Summerfelt, 1996
Sander vitreus The optimum ranges for fry survival are 15-21°C 18.0 Koenst and Smith, 1976
Sander vitreus Temperature ranged from 19 to 25 during the experiment 19.0 Moodie et al, 1989
Coregonus lavaretus 12-18 [Most suitable for growth and survival] 15.0 Rösch, 1995
Coregonus lavaretus 9-12 [Better results at 13°C] 10.5 Beltran and Champigneulle, 1991
Coregonus lavaretus 10-16 13.0 Beltran and Champigneulle, 1992
Coregonus lavaretus Starts at 10 to 15 10.0 Luczynski and Kolman, 1987
Coregonus lavaretus 7-13.5 10.25 Davis and Todd, 1998
Coregonus lavaretus 16 16.0 Keckeis and Schiemer, 1992
Coregonus lavaretus Aquarium heaters maintained the temperatures at 11 ± 1 and 14 ± 1°C 11.0 Rösch and Appelbaum, 1985
Coregonus lavaretus After hatching, when 50% of the fish has started to feed on exogeneous food, they were acclimated to 15°C 50.0 Luczynski et al, 1986
Coregonus lavaretus 10°C 10.0 Champigneulle, 1988
Coregonus lavaretus Water temperature was held at 12 ± 0.5°C 12.0 Segner et al, 1988
Coregonus lavaretus Reared at 10°C 10.0 Rojas Beltran, Champigneulle, Gillet and Le Rouilly, 1992
Coregonus lavaretus For 5 days old, preferred temperature of 14-16°C and a lethal of 28.6°C; for 15 days old, a preferred temperature of 15-17°C and a lethal one of 29.5°C 15.0 Jezierska et al, 1979
Coregonus lavaretus Water was obtained from a spring, and the temperature was 10.5 +/- 0.5°C 10.5 Rojas Beltran et al, 1992
Coregonus lavaretus The optimum temperature for growth was between 19.3 and 20.6°C depending on the calculation method and the parameters measured, the rate of net biomass gain reaching its maximum at a temperature of about 19.3°C 19.3 Koskela and Eskelinen, 1992
Coregonus lavaretus Reared in spring water 10.5 +/- 0.5°C 10.5 Rojas Beltran et al, 1992b
Coregonus lavaretus Mean temperature in the different growth periods ranged from 4.6 to 19.8°C 4.6 Koskela, 1992
Coregonus lavaretus The tanks were provided with aerated tap water (12 +/-0.5°C) 12.0 Rösch, 1992
Coregonus lavaretus Water in in the tanks was changed continuously with pre-conditioned tap water at 12 +/- 1°C 12.0 Schlechtriem et al, 2004
Coregonus lavaretus Water temperature was measured in every aquarium once a day and remained similar in the different treatments 13.1 +/- 0.9°C 13.1 Ylönen and Karjalainen, 2004
Coregonus lavaretus La température de l'eau, au cours de la vie précoce des corégones, excède rarement 15°C, et la plupart des auteurs ont experimenté à une température de l'eau ressemblant à celle des lacs, c'est-à-dire 10°C 15.0 Dabrowski, 1984
Coregonus albula 15-20 [Most suitable for growth and survival] 17.5 Rösch, 1995
Coregonus albula 15-20 17.5 Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Coregonus albula 15 15.0 Karjalainen and Viljanen, 1992
Coregonus albula 9.5-10.5 10.0 Luczynski and Kolman, 1987
Coregonus albula After hatching, when 50% of the fish has started to feed on exogeneous food, they were acclimated to 15°C 50.0 Luczynski et al, 1986
Coregonus albula Different rearing temperature: 4.5, 6.0, 8.6, 10.4, 13.5, 15.9 and 19.0°C 4.5 Dostatni and Luczynski, 1991
Coregonus albula Water temperatures from 15 to 20°C are recommended as the most suitable for sustained production of larval vendace. Temperatures higher than 22°C will caused increased mortality, whereas temperatures lower than 15°C, although advisable when food is limited, will retard larval growth and development 15.0 Luczynski, 1991
Coregonus albula Reared at 10°C 10.0 Jezierska et al, 1979
Coregonus clupeaformis 11-15 [Most suitable for growth and survival] 13.0 Rösch, 1995
Coregonus clupeaformis 6.0-8.0 [During the initiation of feeding], then 14-15°C [Fourth to fifth week of rearing] 7.0 Harris and Huslman, 2001
Coregonus clupeaformis Larvae most abundant in water of 4°C 4.0 Kerr and Grant, 1999
Coregonus clupeaformis 10°C 10.0 Witokowski and Kokurewicz, 1981
Coregonus clupeaformis Immediatly prior to egg hatching 100 eggs groupings were counted and placed in a series of 20 l aerated aquaria cooled to 12°C 100.0 Taylor and Freeberg, 1984
Coregonus clupeaformis Trial 1: Rearing temperatures ranged from 11.0 to 13.5°C from days 1 to 20 and from 13.5 to 14.5°C from days 20 to 50. Trial 2: rearing temperatures ranged from 7.2 to 12.2°C from days 1 to 36 and from 12.2 to 17.2°C from days 36 to 50 1.0 Zitzow and Millard, 1988
Coregonus clupeaformis Reared at 6.9 ± 0.6°C 6.9 Brown and Taylor, 1992
Hucho hucho 16-18°C optimum for growth and mortality 17.0 Jungwirth et al, 1989
Hucho hucho The maximum temperature for the alevin is 12°C 12.0 Prawochensky and Kolder, 1968
Hucho hucho Incubated at 15°C 15.0 Penaz and Prihoda, 1981
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 8-12°C 10.0 Beacham and Murray, 1986
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha Once hatching was complete, the temperature in the incubator was increased 0.5°C every 2 days until a target of 13.5°C was reached, and then the alevins were maintained at this temperature until 50% had the yolk sac completely covered wtih chromatophores 0.5 Beacham and Murray, 1987
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha Reared at 11 ±1°C 11.0 Macquarrie et al, 1979
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha The mean preferred temperature of pink salmon fry was 10.3°C [The youngest sea-run fry (newly emerged) generally selected temperatures of 11.7-12.8°C in a vertical gradient, whereas older fry (up to 10 wk) were found in temperatures of 9.4-10.6°C] 12.25 Kwain, 1982
Oncorhynchus keta Chum salmon fry prefer tempratures of 12 to 14°C and avoid temperatures above 15°C 12.0 Pauley et al, 1988
Oncorhynchus keta As with the embryo, the highest alevin survival rates were recorded at an incubation temperature of 8°C, while the lowest were recorded at 2°C 8.0 Beacham and Murray, 1987
Oncorhynchus keta Reared at 3°C to 12°C 3.0 Beacham and Murray, 1990
Oncorhynchus keta Emergence vary between Mid-february to Mid-April for groudnwaters incubation, 60 days at 3-4°C, and for subsurface waters from 30-40 days at 2-6°C 3.5 Leman, 1993
Oncorhynchus keta Reared at 5-14°C 9.5 Murray and McPhail, 1988
Oncorhynchus kisutch Conversion of yolk to tissue was maximized at 4°C and for another at 4.7-6.5°C, their study between 4 and 8°C 5.6 Murray et al, 1990
Oncorhynchus mykiss Preferred temperature is about 13°C, the upper lethal temperature about 24°C 13.0 Scott and Crossman, 1973
Oncorhynchus mykiss 4° to <13°C [optimal 7-10°C] in nursery streams, 14.7° preferred by fingerling trout 8.5 Kerr and Grant, 1999
Oncorhynchus mykiss It is relevant to note that a temperature of at least 7-8°C is reported as being necessary for initial feeding of Atlantic salmon and rainbow trout 7.5 Wallace and Aasjord, 1984
Oncorhynchus mykiss The alevins were reared in a cold dark roomat 11-12°C 11.5 Stasiunaite, 2003
Oncorhynchus nerka 6-10 in natural condition 8.0 Hendry et al, 1998
Oncorhynchus nerka 15 15.0 Keckeis and Schiemer, 1992
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Alevins can tolerate decreases of temeprature from 10 to 0°C [The upper temperature tolerance limit for egg and larvae is somewhere between 12 and 15°C] 10.0 Kerr and Grant, 1999
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Mortality was significantly higher among eggs, fry, and fingerlings of chinhook salmon as temperatures exceeded 60°F, i.e. 15.5°C 60.0 Allbaugh and Manz, 1964
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Water temperature during the feeding studies averaged 6 to 12 °C 12.0 Heming et al, 1982
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha This study refines that recommendation by indicating that temperatures of 12°C are supraoptimal for rearing chinook eggs and alevins. Chinook produced at 12°C experienced reduced survival, hatch and emerge precociously, and are smaller than fish at lower temperatures 12.0 Heming, 1982
Salmo salar 8-10°C 9.0 Gunnes, 1979
Salmo salar Could tolerate temperatures up to 22°C 22.0 Ojanguren et al, 1999
Salmo salar Reared between 2 and 12°C 2.0 Perterson and Martin-Robichaud, 1995
Salmo salar Reared at 6.8 ± 0.3°C 6.8 Wallace et al, 1988
Salmo salar It is relevant to note that a temperature of at least 7-8°C is reported as being necessary for initial feeding of Atlantic salmon and rainbow trout 7.5 Wallace and Aasjord, 1984
Salmo salar Swiim-up fry from eggs and alevins incubated at 10°C grew much better at all test temperatures than did those from eggs and alevins incubated at 4°C 10.0 Peterson and Martin-Robichaud, 1989
Salmo salar The water at peak intial feeding waried from 8°C in the river Stryneelva to 13°C in the rivers Drammenselva and Imsa. In the other rivers the temperature at peak initial feeding was 9-12°C 10.5 Jensen et al, 1991
Salmo salar Reared at 3 different temperatures: 6.3 ± 0.5, 10.3 ± 0.2 and 12.2 ± 0.2°C 6.3 Brännäs, 1988
Salmo salar For the heated-water groups, temperatures during egg incubation and yolk-sac resoprtion averaged 7.9 and 8.3°C, respectively, compared with 4.3 and 5.3°C in the ambient-temperature reared groups over the equivalent periods 7.9 Johnston and McLay, 1997
Salmo salar The mean daily temperatures of the Nivelle and spawning channel varied between 3.3°C shortly before hatching at the end of January and 12.7°C during emergence in mid-March 3.3 Dumas and Marty, 2006
Salmo trutta fario 7 7.0 Vollestad and Lillehammer, 2000
Salmo trutta fario Survival between hatching and the end of the embryonic development was >80% in the range between 6 and 12°C and decreased sharply, to < 50% at 14 and 4°C 80.0 Ojanguren and Brana, 2003
Salmo trutta fario Reared at 12.5 ±1.0°C 12.5 Ojanguren et al, 1996
Salmo trutta fario 13 13.0 Keckeis and Schiemer, 1992
Salmo trutta fario Temperature fluctuated between 7.6 and 8.9°C with a mean of 8.5°C 7.6 Hansen, 1985
Salmo trutta fario Mean water temperature in the hatchery was 8.9 ± 3.6°C during the period from hatching until the death of the last specimens 8.9 Randak et al, 2006
Salvelinus alpinus 5-8 [Optimal temperature]; 12 [almost lethal temperature] 6.5 Guillard et al, 1992
Salvelinus alpinus 4-9 are most favorable for larvae to transfer to mixed feeding 6.5 Pavlov et al, 1994
Salvelinus alpinus Reared at 8-13 then 10-15°C for feeding 10.5 Dumas et al, 1995
Salvelinus alpinus Reared at 6.8 ± 0.3°C 6.8 Wallace et al, 1988
Salvelinus alpinus The temperature was increased to 6°C at the first feeding 6.0 Johsson and Svavarsson, 2000
Salvelinus alpinus After swim-up, juveniles were reared at 9°C (warmed from 6°C over 1 day) 9.0 De March, 1995
Salvelinus alpinus Reared at 2 and 6°C, and also at 8°C 2.0 Aasjord and Wallace, 1987
Salvelinus alpinus The experimental temperatures chosen were 3, 6, 8 and 12°C 3.0 Wallace and Aasjord, 1984
Salvelinus alpinus Rearing temperature was 6.4 ± 0.1°C 6.4 Papst and Hopky, 1984
Salvelinus alpinus Reared at 2°C 2.0 Laurila et al, 1998
Salvelinus alpinus The mean rearing temperature over the course of the study was 4.9 (range 4.4-5.1°C) 4.75 Valdimarsson et al, 2002
Salvelinus alpinus Eggs were incubated in darkness and at 4.5°C until 100% hatching. The water temperature was then gradually raised to 8°C (0.5°C per day) until first feeding 4.5 Atse et al, 2002
Salvelinus alpinus The temperature was gradually raised to optimal rearing levels (9-10°C) 9.5 Lemieux et al, 2003
Salvelinus fontinalis The groundwater temperature remained within the range 3.0-7.2°C, and during emergence within the range 4.0-6.0 5.1 Snucins et al, 1992
Salvelinus fontinalis 2.5-9.5 [Ambient natural temperature], 4.3-6.0 [Interstitial natural temperature] 6.0 Curry et al, 1991
Salvelinus fontinalis 12.7 ± 1.8 [Emergence period] 12.7 Bernier-Bourgault and Magnan, 2002
Salvelinus fontinalis 12.4-15.4°C optimal for fry growth [17.5°C preferred by large fingerlings, 25.3°C upper incipient lethal for yearlings] 13.9 Kerr and Grant, 1999
Salvelinus fontinalis Reared at 8-13 then 10-15°C for feeding 10.5 Dumas et al, 1995
Salvelinus fontinalis After 100% hatching occurred, water temperature was gradually increased to 8°C 100.0 Roche-Mayzaud et al, 1998
Salvelinus namaycush 10.8°C preferred by fingerlings [11.7°C preferred for yearlings] 10.8 Kerr and Grant, 1999
Salvelinus namaycush Reared at 4.9 ± 0.1°C 4.9 Gunn and Noakes, 1987
Stenodus leucichthys 1.2-10.6 5.9 Belyaeva, 2005
Stenodus leucichthys Two tests: 2.2-6 and 8.8-13.8 4.1 Bogdanova, 1978
Stenodus leucichthys From 4 to 14 4.0 Sturn, 1994
Thymallus thymallus 9.0-10.5°C 9.75 Zaytsev, 1986
Thymallus thymallus Water observed at emergence ranged from 11.6 to 14.5°C 11.6 Sempeski and Gaudin, 1995b
Thymallus thymallus 12-18 [Between 12-18 the larvae spend 5 to 10 days in the gravel] 15.0 Northcote, 1993
Thymallus thymallus Reared at 10.4°C 10.4 Bardonnet and Gaudin, 1990
Thymallus thymallus Over the study, water temperature ranged between 8.0°C and 14°C, and averaged 11.1°C 8.0 Scott, 1985
Thymallus arcticus Rearing temperature, controlled by mixing cold and warm sprinwater, was increased to 10.0 ± 1.0°C after hatching was completed 10.0 Kaya, 1989
Cottus gobio 10-12 11.0 Marconato and Bisazza, 1988
Ictalurus punctatus 27-28 27.5 Makeeva and Emel'yanova, 1993
Ictalurus punctatus Water temperatures of 30°C or higher can adversely affect egg development and fry survival 30.0 Legendre et al, 1997
Ictalurus punctatus For most Siluroidei species it would appear that a temperature range between 26 and 30°C is optimal for larval and early juvenile rearing 26.0 Hecht, 1996
Ictalurus punctatus The average temperature during the experiment was 21.6 ± 1.0°C 21.6 El-Saidy et al, 2000
Ictalurus punctatus Ranges for water temperatures during trial 1 were: 23-32°C 27.5 Weirich et al, 2001
Silurus glanis 22-26 24.0 Horvath, 1977
Silurus glanis 25-30 27.5 Wolnicki et al, 1998
Silurus glanis 26-28 27.0 Kozlowski and Poczyczynski, 1999
Silurus glanis 22-25 for the first 2-3 days, 25-28 for the other 2-3 days 23.5 Linhart et al, 2002
Silurus glanis Both systems were supplied with the same treated wter from a water-pipe network with temperature ranging from 23 to 26°C 23.0 Brzuska and Adamek, 1999
Osmerus eperlanus The observation of larval develoment was held at the five following regimes at constant temperature: 9.5, 10.8, 12.0, 13.8 and 18.3°C 9.5 Mel'nikova and Gorodilov, 2006
Sander canadensis 22 ºC 22.0 smith et al, 1974
Sander canadensis 26.6-30.4 28.5 smith et al, 1974
Sander canadensis 21 21.0 Walburg, 1972
Ptychocheilus lucius 18-26 22.0 Bestgen and Williams, 1994
Hiodon tergisus 17-19 18.0 D'Amours et al, 2001
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 12-14 13.0 Scott and Crossman, 1998
Perca flavescens 16-19 17.5 Clady, 1976
Salvelinus alpinus 5.5-6.5 6.0 Cravedi et al, 1995
Salvelinus alpinus 4-10 7.0 Kuznetsov and Mosyagina, 2016
Catostomus commersonii 17.3 17.3 Hart and Werner, 1987
Cyprinodon macularius 10-32 21.0 Kodric-Brown, 1977
Cyprinodon macularius 7 7.0 Schoenherr, 1988
Acipenser oxyrinchus 21-24 22.5 Kynard and Horgan, 2002
Ameiurus melas 18-22 20.0 Novomeska and Kovac, 2009
Pomoxis nigromaculatus 16-21 18.5 Siefert, 1969
Pomoxis nigromaculatus 28-30 29.0 Culpepper and Allen, 2016
Coregonus artedi 10.5 10.5 Houde and Zastrow, 1993
Coregonus artedi <15 15.0 George, 2016
Neogobius melanostomus -1-30 15.5 Kornis et al, 2012
Neogobius melanostomus 0.5-25 12.75 Ray, 1998
Leuciscus idus 23 23.0 Krupen et al, 2011
Leuciscus idus 10-14 12.0 Krejszeff et al, 2009
Dorosoma cepedianum >3.3 3.3 VanDeHey et al, 2012
Notropis atherinoides 29 29.0 Wismer and Christie, 1987
Notropis atherinoides 28.9 28.9 Wismer and Christie, 1987
Notropis atherinoides 22-23 22.5 Cochran, 2017
Notropis atherinoides 25 25.0 Holland et al, 1984
Menidia beryllina 9.8-30 19.9 Weltzien et al, 1999
Chasmistes liorus 29-33 31.0 Kappenman et al, 2011
Prosopium coulterii <18 18.0 Zemlak and McPhail, 2006
Alosa alabamae <32 32.0 Smith et al, 2011
Labidesthes sicculus 21-21.7 21.35 Hubbs, 1921
Alosa pseudoharengus 11-27 19.0 Edsall, 1970
Astyanax mexicanus 23 23.0 Simon, 2019
Astyanax mexicanus 26 26.0 Simon, 2019
Coregonus nasus 0.5-6.1 3.3 Scott and Crossman, 1998
Hypomesus transpacificus 10-20 15.0 Wang, 2007
Spirinchus thaleichthys 16-18 17.0 Baxter, 1999
Fundulus diaphanus 20-24 22.0 Jones and Tabery, 1980
Etheostoma raneyi 19-20 19.5 Ruble et al, 2019
Entosphenus tridentatus 10-19 14.5 Orlov and Beamish, 2016
Entosphenus tridentatus 20 20.0 Mallat, 1983
Entosphenus tridentatus 28.5 28.5 Moser et al, 2019
Entosphenus tridentatus 22 22.0 Meeuwig et al, 2005 (cited in Dawson et al, 2015)
Entosphenus tridentatus <28 28.0 Clemens et al, 2016
Micropterus cataractae 20 20.0 Taylor and Peterson, 2014
Lepomis miniatus 25-28 26.5 Roberts et al, 2004
Lampetra hubbsi 15.0-17.5 16.25 Wang, 1986
Leuciscus idus 9.5-23 16.25 Kupren et al, 2008
Leuciscus idus 12.3-25 18.65 Kupren et al, 2010
Acipenser ruthenus Annual average temperature=18°C (7-32°C) 19.5 Rzemieniecki et al, 2004
Acipenser ruthenus 5-25°C "25 ± 0.5°C (acutely high temperature) or 5 ± 0.5°C (acutely low temperature) for testing" 25.0 Mandal et al, 2016
Atractosteus spatula 20-30 (printemps + été) 25.0 Buckmeier et al, 2017
Atractosteus spatula 27+/- 1 27.0 Aguilera et al, 2002
Acipenser transmontanus 14-17 15.5 Wang et al. (, 1985)
Aplodinotus grunniens 3.4-19.8 11.6 Burr, 1984
Oncorhynchus clarkii 9-12.0 10.5 COSEWIC, 2016
Pomoxis annularis the critical thermal maxima of white crappie to be 32.5° C, while the critical thermal maxima of black crappie was 35° C. Optimum performance and growth occurs at 23.5° C for white crappie. 32.5 Culpepper, 2015
Pomoxis annularis Rather, osmoregulatory failure may have occurred during exposure to temperatures colder than 4°C for at least 1 week. Thus, the availability of warm (≥4°C), oxygenated water during winter may be critical to the survival of age-0 white crappies. In the northern portion of their range, winter temperatures may account for some of the recruitment variability common to white crappie populations. 4.0 McCollum et al, 2003
Acipenser baeri 12-20 16.0 Williot et al, 2000
Coregonus peled The water temperature during the following experiments ranged from 15 to 17°C 15.0 Mamcarz et al, 1995
Coregonus peled C. peled tolerates a relatively high temperature for its growth: between 16 and 22 ° C 16.0 Matousek et al, 2017