Alburnoides bipunctatus

  • Scientific name
  • Alburnoides bipunctatus (Bloch, 1782)

  • Common name
  • Chub

  • Family
  • Cyprinidae

  • External links
  • Fishbase
Trait completeness 76%
Total data102
References15
Image of Alburnoides bipunctatus

Author: Fabrice Téletchéa
License: All rights reserved

Traits detail



Egg (86%)


Trait id Trait Primary data Secondary Data References
4 Egg adhesiveness Adhesive Adhesive Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
4 Egg adhesiveness Adhesive Adhesive Coad, 2005
4 Egg adhesiveness Adhesive Adhesive Billard, 1997
4 Egg adhesiveness Stick to gravel Adhesive Persat, 2001
5 Incubation time About 10 10.0 days Spillmann, 1961
5 Incubation time The incuabtion (to the stage of 50 per cent embryos hatched) lasts at average temperature of 19.67°C 100 hours and and tempertaure of 16.43°C 147 hours 50.0 days Penaz, 1976
7 Degree-days for incubation 80-100 90.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
7 Degree-days for incubation Average 82 DD at 19.67°C and 100.6 at 16.43°C 82.0 °C * day Penaz, 1976
6 Temperature for incubation Incubated at a mean temperature of 16.43 (range 14.0-19.8) and 19.67°C (range 19.6-21.2) 16.9 °C Penaz, 1976
3 Egg Buoyancy Demersal Demersal Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
1 Oocyte diameter 2.16 [Not precised] 2.16 mm Coad, 2005
1 Oocyte diameter 2 2.0 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
1 Oocyte diameter 2.1 2.1 mm Persat, 2001
1 Oocyte diameter The diameter of all measured oocytes ranged from 0.20 to 1.96 mm (the smallest eggs were translucent and did not contain yolk, the large eggs where yellowish and filled with yolk), with the mean 0.95 mm, whereas the mean diameter of yolked (vitellogenic) oocytes varied seasonally from 0.86 mm to 1.20 mm 0.2 mm Polacik and Kovac, 2006

Larvae (57%)


Trait id Trait Primary Data Secondary Data References
11 Temperature during larval development Reared at two different temperatures: mean of 20 (range 19.6-21.2), mean of 18 (range of 16-19.8) 20.4 °C Penaz, 1976
10 Reaction to light Initially the larvae are photophobic Photophobic Mann, 1996
14 Onset of exogeneous feeding Etap 1: mixed (endogeneous and exogenous) nutrition, larvae 10 old (4-5 days post hatching at 18-20°C), length 8.5 mm 4.5 °C * day Penaz, 1976
8 Initial larval size 6.5-7 6.75 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
8 Initial larval size Average length 5.76, range 5.5-6.2 when incubated at 19.97°C and a mean of 6.37 (range 5.5-7.0) when incubated at 16.43C 5.85 mm Penaz, 1976

Female (83%)


Trait id Trait Primary Data Secondary Data References
18 Female sexual dimorphism Some females display nuptial tubercules Present Spillmann, 1961
18 Female sexual dimorphism Snout longer Absent Coad, 2005
24 Maximum GSI value 20.5 ± 0.9 [n=24] in May, 25 20.5 percent Yildirim, 1999
24 Maximum GSI value GSI ranged from 1.6 to 36.4 1.6 percent Polacik and Kovac, 2006
25 Oogenesis duration About 10 months [From September to May] 10.0 months Yildirim, 1999
19 Relative fecundity 702 ± 52 702.0 thousand eggs/kg Yildirim, 1999
19 Relative fecundity Relative fecundity of all studied females ranged from 176 to 585 eggs/g (0 to 560 yolked eggs/g) 176.0 thousand eggs/kg Polacik and Kovac, 2006
27 Age at sexual maturity 2 2.0 years Yildirim, 1999
27 Age at sexual maturity 1-2 [Sex not precised] 1.5 years Coad, 2005
26 Resting period 1 [Short in August] 1.0 months Yildirim, 1999
26 Resting period Spirlin collected after the spawning season (i.e. in July and especially in August) demosntrated different characteristics compared to those sampled during the spawning season. In July, 3 out of 5 fish ovaries still contained yolked oocytes, however, one female was likely to release one more spawning batch, whereas others appeared undergoing atretic process [...] In August, virtually none of the ovaries analyzed contained yolked oocytes, and the mean diameter was even 0.48 mm lower than that of sample from June 25 [...] 3.0 months Polacik and Kovac, 2006
22 Onset of oogenesis Increase regularly from September to February, from 2.5 [n=5] in August to 9 [n=2] in February ['February', 'August', 'September'] Yildirim, 1999
22 Onset of oogenesis In September, the mean diameter of oocytes increased by 0.28 mm compared to the previous month but is remained more-less constant in the subsequent period (October, November, December). However, the formation of the gap in oocyte size-distribution was first observable in December ['October', 'November', 'December', 'September'] Polacik and Kovac, 2006
23 Intensifying oogenesis activity March until end of May from 11 [n=5] to 18-20 [n=48] ['March', 'May'] Yildirim, 1999
21 Oocyte development Group-synchronous Group-synchronous Rinchard, 1996
20 Absolute fecundity About 2 2.0 thousand eggs Spillmann, 1961
20 Absolute fecundity 6.496 6.496 thousand eggs Coad, 2005
20 Absolute fecundity 1-2 1.5 thousand eggs Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
20 Absolute fecundity 13 ± 1 13.0 thousand eggs Yildirim, 1999
20 Absolute fecundity 1-2 1.5 thousand eggs Persat, 2001
20 Absolute fecundity Categorized as between 2000 and 100000 eggs per reproductive cycle 2000.0 thousand eggs Cattanéo, 2001
20 Absolute fecundity Absolute fecundity of all studied females ranged from 975 to 5206 eggs (0 to 4892 yolked eggs) […] Absolute fecundity of spirlin from the River Rudava varied within a range similar to that of the samples from the river Radimna in Romania, where is attained 1581-6110 eggs 3845.5 thousand eggs Polacik and Kovac, 2006
15 Age at sexual maturity 2 2.0 year Yildirim, 1999
15 Age at sexual maturity 1-2 [Sex not precised] 1.5 year Coad, 2005

Male (67%)


Trait id Trait Primary Data Secondary Data References
30 Male sexual dimorphism Nuptial tubercules, and longer paired fin Present Spillmann, 1961
30 Male sexual dimorphism Pelvic fin longer Absent Coad, 2005
31 Onset of spermatogenesis Increase regularly from September [2.4, n=7] to December [3.7, n= 3] ['December', 'September'] Yildirim, 1999
33 Maximum GSI value 13.4 [In end of May, n= 17] 13.4 percent Yildirim, 1999
32 Main spermatogenesis activity From January [2.5, n=3] until April [10, n=16] ['April', 'January'] Yildirim, 1999
35 Resting period 1.7 [n=3, August] 1.7 months Yildirim, 1999

Spawning conditions (80%)


Trait id Trait Primary Data Secondary Data References
50 Parental care Non-guarders No care Mann, 1996
50 Parental care Non-protecting their roe No category Penaz, 1976
44 Spawning substrate Sand or gravel Ambiguous Coad, 2005
44 Spawning substrate Lithophil: gravel and pebbles and possibly sand Ambiguous Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
44 Spawning substrate Gravel Lithophils Billard, 1997
44 Spawning substrate Gravel (2-8 cm) Lithophils Persat, 2001
44 Spawning substrate Stones and gravel: 3-25 cm Lithophils Mann, 1996
44 Spawning substrate Lithophils Lithophils Balon, 1975
44 Spawning substrate Lithophilous Lithophils Penaz, 1976
44 Spawning substrate Lithophilous fishes Lithophils Penaz, 1973
44 Spawning substrate Brood hider lithopphil No category Cattanéo, 2001
44 Spawning substrate Being a lithophilous species, spirlin is not capable to use flooded riparian vegetation as spawning substrate, but rather thrives on increased food availability and suitable nursery habitat for offsprings Ambiguous Polacik and Kovac, 2006
45 Spawning site preparation No No category Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
45 Spawning site preparation No nest, eggs are only released on ground Open water/substratum scatter Persat, 2001
45 Spawning site preparation Open sustratum spawners No category Mann, 1996
45 Spawning site preparation Open substratum spawner Open water/substratum scatter Balon, 1975
41 Spawning temperature 16-25 20.5 °C Yildirim, 1999
41 Spawning temperature Above 12°C 12.0 °C Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
41 Spawning temperature 13-15.6 14.3 °C Coad, 2005
41 Spawning temperature Above 12°C until 18°C 12.0 °C Persat, 2001
41 Spawning temperature 19-24 21.5 °C Mann, 1996
41 Spawning temperature Water temperatures of 15-17°C 16.0 °C Polacik and Kovac, 2006
40 Spawning period duration 8-10 9.0 weeks Yildirim, 1999
40 Spawning period duration 15 15.0 weeks Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
40 Spawning period duration 15 weeks in laboratory conditions 15.0 weeks Coad, 2005
40 Spawning period duration 10-12 11.0 weeks Persat, 2001
40 Spawning period duration 9-10 9.5 weeks Terver, 1984
40 Spawning period duration Our oocyte diameter distribution analysis indicate that the reproductive season of spirlin from the Rudava stream is quite protracted (late April-early July), a reproduction feature typical for batch spawners No data Polacik and Kovac, 2006
42 Spawning water type Fast-flowing water Flowing or turbulent water Coad, 2005
42 Spawning water type Water with current Flowing or turbulent water Persat, 2001
42 Spawning water type Current velocity 20-50 cm/s Flowing or turbulent water Mann, 1996
42 Spawning water type This may indicate that this species uses the reservoir as a refuge for overwintering and the river for spawing and feeding during spring and summer No category Hladik and Kubecka, 2003
43 Spawning depth Deep water No data Billard, 1997
43 Spawning depth Shallow water No data Persat, 2001
36 Spawning migration distance Holobiotique migration No data Agence de l'eau,
37 Spawning migration period The main migration was triggered by a similar temperature level of 12-14°C. The daily migration rate during the main wave was 10-20 chub, with one to five fish in the remaining period. No data Hladik and Kubecka, 2003
39 Spawning season End -May to End-July ['May', 'July'] Yildirim, 1999
39 Spawning season April-June ['April', 'May', 'June'] Billard, 1997
39 Spawning season End April-End July ['April', 'July'] Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
39 Spawning season April-June ['April', 'May', 'June'] Coad, 2005
39 Spawning season April-June ['April', 'May', 'June'] Spillmann, 1961
39 Spawning season April until June ['April', 'June'] Persat, 2001
39 Spawning season May-June ['May', 'June'] Mann, 1996
39 Spawning season May-June ['May', 'June'] Terver, 1984
39 Spawning season May-June ['May', 'June'] Cattanéo, 2001
39 Spawning season Macroscopical indication of spawning in progress (spawning tubercles, leaking gonadal products) was apparent only in fish collected from May 2 to June 25 […] ['May', 'June'] Polacik and Kovac, 2006
48 Spawning release Multiple spawning Mutliple Rinchard, 1996
48 Spawning release Multiple spawner : eggs are released in several times Mutliple Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
48 Spawning release Multiple spawning over a period of 15 weeks Mutliple Coad, 2005
48 Spawning release Multiple spawner Mutliple Persat, 2001
48 Spawning release Fractional Fractional Cattanéo, 2001
48 Spawning release Spirlin is reported to belong to batch spawners […] The absence of the gap, and no increase in mean diameter of the oocytes supports the idea that spirlin has indeterminate fecundity Mutliple Polacik and Kovac, 2006
49 Parity In Azerbaijan, maturity is attained at 1-2 years and life span is 3 years No category Coad, 2005