Spillmann, 1961



Citation


Spillmann, C.J. (1961) Faune de France : Poissons d'eau douce., pp. 303

Associated characteristics


Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Anguilla anguilla Female Age at sexual maturity 10-18 14.0 year
Anguilla anguilla Female Length at sexual maturity 40-100 70.0 cm
Anguilla anguilla Male Age at sexual maturity 8-15 11.5 years
Anguilla anguilla Male Length at sexual maturity 20-50 35.0 cm
Alosa alosa Egg Oocyte diameter 1.5-2 1.75 mm
Alosa alosa Egg Egg Buoyancy Floats during a moment and then sinks to the bottom Demersal
Alosa alosa Egg Incubation time 4-8 6.0 days
Alosa alosa Egg Degree-days for incubation 60-80 at 24°C 70.0 °C * day
Alosa alosa Female Relative fecundity About 50 50.0 thousand eggs/kg
Alosa alosa Male Male sexual dimorphism None Absent
Alosa alosa Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 22-24 [Optimum, but could start when the temperature reaches 14°C] 23.0 °C
Alosa alosa Spawning conditions Spawning water type Rapid current Flowing or turbulent water
Alosa alosa Spawning conditions Spawning depth Near the surface No data
Alosa alosa Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravels and pebbles Lithophils
Alosa alosa Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition During the night Night
Alosa alosa Spawning conditions Spawning release Several batches Multiple
Alosa alosa Spawning conditions Parity Numerous exhausted spawners die after spawning Semelparous
Alosa alosa Spawning conditions Parental care None No care
Alosa fallax Egg Oocyte diameter 1.2-1.5 1.35 mm
Alosa fallax Egg Egg Buoyancy Sink to the bottom Demersal
Alosa fallax Egg Incubation time 4-5 4.5 days
Alosa fallax Spawning conditions Spawning season May until end of June ['May', 'June']
Alosa fallax Spawning conditions Spawning water type With constant current Flowing or turbulent water
Alosa fallax Spawning conditions Spawning depth Deep water [Depth not precised] No data
Alosa fallax Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition Night : between 10 p.m. and 2 a.m. Night
Alosa fallax Spawning conditions Spawning release Free, several batches Multiple
Alosa fallax Spawning conditions Parental care None No care
Barbatula barbatula Egg Oocyte diameter About 1 1.0 mm
Barbatula barbatula Male Male sexual dimorphism The second ray of pectoral fin is enlarged and longer, the second and eigth rays are recovered by sharp tubercules Absent
Barbatula barbatula Spawning conditions Spawning season April-May ['April', 'May']
Barbatula barbatula Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravels or aquatic plants Lithophils
Cobitis taenia Egg Oocyte diameter About 1 1.0 mm
Cobitis taenia Male Male sexual dimorphism The second ray of the pectoral fin is enlarged, and at the base of the fin (Internal face) there is a bony process with a scale-spahe calle the Canestrini organ. Pectoral fin are relatively longer Absent
Cobitis taenia Spawning conditions Spawning season End-April to June ['April', 'May', 'June']
Cobitis taenia Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Plants and stones Phytophils
Blicca bjoerkna Egg Oocyte diameter 1-1.5 1.25 mm
Blicca bjoerkna Spawning conditions Spawning season June ['June']
Abramis brama Female Relative fecundity 30-40 35.0 thousand eggs/kg
Abramis brama Male Male sexual dimorphism Nuptial tubercules on head, fins, and sides. Colors become brighter Present
Abramis brama Spawning conditions Spawning season May-June ['May', 'June']
Abramis brama Spawning conditions Spawning water type Near the shoreline Stagnant water
Abramis brama Spawning conditions Spawning depth Near the surface No data
Abramis brama Spawning conditions Spawning substrate On plants but also pebbles Phytophils
Abramis brama Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition Night Night
Alburnoides bipunctatus Egg Incubation time About 10 10.0 days
Alburnoides bipunctatus Female Female sexual dimorphism Some females display nuptial tubercules Present
Alburnoides bipunctatus Female Absolute fecundity About 2 2.0 thousand eggs
Alburnoides bipunctatus Male Male sexual dimorphism Nuptial tubercules, and longer paired fin Present
Alburnoides bipunctatus Spawning conditions Spawning season April-June ['April', 'June']
Alburnus alburnus Egg Oocyte diameter 1.5 1.5 mm
Alburnus alburnus Egg Incubation time 14-21 17.5 days
Alburnus alburnus Larvae Initial larval size 2-4 3.0 mm
Alburnus alburnus Female Absolute fecundity 1-2 1.5 thousand eggs
Alburnus alburnus Male Male sexual dimorphism Nuptial tubercules on back and sides, and inferior fins are colored in orange at their base Present
Alburnus alburnus Spawning conditions Spawning season April-June ['April', 'June']
Alburnus alburnus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature From 15 15.0 °C
Alburnus alburnus Spawning conditions Spawning water type Near the shoreline Stagnant water
Alburnus alburnus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Submerged plants and gravels Lithophils
Barbus barbus Egg Oocyte diameter 1.5 1.5 mm
Barbus barbus Egg Egg adhesiveness Adhesive Adhesive
Barbus barbus Egg Incubation time 7-14 10.5 days
Barbus barbus Male Male sexual dimorphism Nuptial tubercles on head on on three lines on the back Present
Barbus barbus Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Migration is present: sometimes 303 km in 37 days 303.0 km