Scott and Crossman, 1973



Citation


Scott, W.P. and Crossman, E.J. (1973) Rainbow smelt Osmerus mordax (Mitchill). Fisheries Research Board of Canada, pp. 310-317

Associated characteristics


Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Alosa sapidissima Egg Egg size after water-hardening 2.5-3.5 [Fertilized eggs] 3.0 mm
Alosa sapidissima Egg Egg Buoyancy Only slightly heavier than water, they settle singly and are carried along by the current No category
Alosa sapidissima Egg Egg adhesiveness Non-adhesive Non-Adhesive
Alosa sapidissima Egg Incubation time 8-12 days at 11-15°C 10.0 days
Alosa sapidissima Egg Temperature for incubation 11-15 13.0 °C
Alosa sapidissima Egg Degree-days for incubation 120-140 [8-12 days at 11-15°C] 130.0 °C * day
Alosa sapidissima Larvae Initial larval size 9-10 9.5 mm
Alosa sapidissima Female Age at sexual maturity 4-5 [Not specified] 4.5 year
Alosa sapidissima Female Length at sexual maturity 45-48 [Not specified] 46.5 cm
Alosa sapidissima Female Absolute fecundity Average of 125.166 [Range 58-390] 224.0 thousand eggs
Alosa sapidissima Male Age at sexual maturity 4-5 [Not specified] 4.5 years
Alosa sapidissima Male Length at sexual maturity 45-48 [Not specified] 46.5 cm
Alosa sapidissima Spawning conditions Spawning migration period Peak of spawning run occurs at temperature of about 18.3°C No data
Alosa sapidissima Spawning conditions Spawning season May-June, but even as late as July ['May', 'June', 'July']
Alosa sapidissima Spawning conditions Spawning period duration The males arrive on the spawning grounds first, soon followed by the females No data
Alosa sapidissima Spawning conditions Spawning temperature Above 12 and will continue until temperaure do not drop below this point 12.0 °C
Alosa sapidissima Spawning conditions Spawning water type Rarely if ever in lakes Stagnant water
Alosa sapidissima Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation No, eggs are released in the open water Open water/substratum scatter
Alosa sapidissima Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition Spawning took place in the evening after sundown and continued until midnight or even later Night
Alosa sapidissima Spawning conditions Mating system During the spawning act, the female is accompanied by several males No category
Alosa sapidissima Spawning conditions Parity After spawning, the spent fish begin to drop back to salt water and vanish until the next spawning season [Some might die] Semelparous
Carassius auratus Egg Oocyte diameter 1.2-1.5 1.35 mm
Carassius auratus Egg Egg adhesiveness Adhesive Adhesive
Carassius auratus Egg Incubation time 3-4 [15.5-29.5], 64-72 hours [24-28°C], 76 hours at [25°C] 3.5 days
Carassius auratus Egg Temperature for incubation 24-28 [But could be incubated at 15.5-29.5] 26.0 °C
Carassius auratus Egg Degree-days for incubation About 70-90 80.0 °C * day
Carassius auratus Male Male sexual dimorphism Nuptial tubercles fune, on opercles, sometimes on back, and a few on pectotal fins of breeding males Present
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning season May-June ['May', 'June']
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning water type Seeks warm, weedy shallows Stagnant water
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning depth Shallow No data
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Submerged aquatic plants or willow roots Phytophils
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation No, deposit its eggs No category
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition Spawning most often occurs in bright sunny mornings Day
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Mating system The female may be accompanied by two or more males No category
Cyprinus carpio Egg Oocyte diameter About 1.0 1.0 mm
Cyprinus carpio Egg Egg adhesiveness The adhesive eggs […] become attached to submerged weeds, grasses, or roots Adhesive
Cyprinus carpio Egg Incubation time They concluded that eggs laid on the marsh vegetation would normally hatch within 3-6 days after fertilization depending on water temperature 4.5 days
Cyprinus carpio Female Absolute fecundity Eggs numbers ranging from 36,000 eggs in a 15.5-inch (394 mm) fish to 2,208,000 eggs in a 33.5 inch (851 mm) fish. The latter weighed 22.23 pounds (10.1 kg) 36.0 thousand eggs
Cyprinus carpio Male Male sexual dimorphism Nuptial tubercles fine and scattered Present
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning migration period Adults move into weedy and grassy shallows No data
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning season Carp spawn in the spring and summer […] ['April', 'May', 'June', 'July', 'August', 'September']
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning period duration Spawning may continue for several weeks […] Spawning is usually extended when water temperatures permit and in the Great Lakes region may extend from May to August No data
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning temperature Spawning does not commence in earnest until temperatures reach a level of at least 62.6°F (17°C) and may continue for several weeks. Spawning activities begin to decline when temperatures reach 78.8°F (26°C) and cease altogether at 82.4°F (28°C). In lake St. Lawrence, it was observed that spawning may be interrupted if cooler wheather prevails and the temperature drops below 62.6°F (17°C), but will recommence when the water warms up again 62.6 °C
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning water type Weedy and grassy shallows Stagnant water
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning depth Many an early morning, the bass fisherman, casting into weedy shallows, has been startled by the sudden arrival of one or more groups of spawning carp No data
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Submerged weeds, grasses or roots Phytophils
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Eggs are deposited randomly Susbtrate chooser
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition Warm sunny morning Day
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Mating system Usually a female will be accompanied by 2 or 3 males No category
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Parental care Not described in that review No category
Esox masquinongy Egg Egg size after water-hardening 2.5-3.5 [Fertilized eggs] 3.0 mm
Esox masquinongy Egg Egg Buoyancy Semidermersal Demersal
Esox masquinongy Egg Egg adhesiveness Apparently non-adhesive Non-Adhesive
Esox masquinongy Egg Incubation time 8-14 days at 11.7-17.2 11.0 days
Esox masquinongy Egg Temperature for incubation 11.7-17.2 14.45 °C
Esox masquinongy Egg Degree-days for incubation 130-160 [8-14 days at 11.7-17.2] 145.0 °C * day
Esox masquinongy Larvae Initial larval size 9.5-10.3 9.9 mm
Esox masquinongy Larvae Larvae behaviour May remain dormant in the vegetation for about 10 days or until the yolk is consumed, at which they become active and begin feeding Demersal
Esox masquinongy Female Age at sexual maturity 3-5 [No apparent difference in age at attainment of maturity] 4.0 year
Esox masquinongy Female Absolute fecundity 6-265 [Usual number of about 120] 135.5 thousand eggs
Esox masquinongy Male Age at sexual maturity 3-5 [No apparent difference in age at attainment of maturity] 4.0 years
Esox masquinongy Spawning conditions Spawning season Spring spawner ususally in late April to late May [Spawns shortly after the ice has smelted] ['April', 'May', 'June']
Esox masquinongy