Aphanius iberus

  • Scientific name
  • Aphanius iberus (Valenciennes, 1846)

  • Common name
  • Spanish toothcarp

  • Family
  • Cyprinodontidae

  • External links
  • Fishbase
Trait completeness 60%
Total data67
References9
Image of Aphanius iberus

Author: Fabrice Téletchéa
License: All rights reserved

Traits detail



Egg (43%)


Trait id Trait Primary data Secondary Data References
5 Incubation time 8-10 9.0 days Keith, 2001
5 Incubation time 10-15 12.5 days Maitland, 1977
3 Egg Buoyancy Demersal [Eggs are deposited on plants located on the ground] Demersal Billard, 1997
1 Oocyte diameter 0.8-1.2 [Ovules with the larger diameter in ova] 1.0 mm Vargas and De Sostoa, 1997
1 Oocyte diameter Big eggs No data Billard, 1997
1 Oocyte diameter Big eggs No data Keith, 2001
1 Oocyte diameter 1.20 [Average diameter of the largest oocyte in fully developed ovaries] 1.2 mm Vila-Gispert and Moreno-Amich, 2002
1 Oocyte diameter Mean egg diameter of 0.7285 for age 1 and 0.8145 for age 0 0.7285 mm Fernandez-Delgado, 1988

Larvae (0%)


Trait id Trait Primary Data Secondary Data References

Female (92%)


Trait id Trait Primary Data Secondary Data References
18 Female sexual dimorphism Males mature before famles, but females were larger than males Absent Fernandez-Delgado, 1988
24 Maximum GSI value Mean of 14 [Up to 17.5] in July 14.0 percent Vargas and De Sostoa, 1997
24 Maximum GSI value Two maxima: one in April [mean of 13, up to 14.5] and a second in August-September [mean of 3, up to 4]. Each maximum represented females of different ages 13.0 percent Fernandez-Delgado, 1988
25 Oogenesis duration From March to May-June No data Vargas and De Sostoa, 1997
19 Relative fecundity F=8.358 x 10-9 x Lt6.343 [with L < 45 mm] 9.5 thousand eggs/kg Vargas and De Sostoa, 1997
19 Relative fecundity 1609.76 [For age 1] and 759.07 [for Age 0] 1609.76 thousand eggs/kg Fernandez-Delgado, 1988
27 Age at sexual maturity 1 [Sex not precised] 1.0 years Keith, 2001
27 Age at sexual maturity Before 1 [Both sex] 1.0 years Vargas and De Sostoa, 1997
27 Age at sexual maturity From April to July, 1+ group specimens (7-12 months old) reproduced. Their offspring (0+ group, 3-4 months) reproduced) from July to September. 9.5 years Fernandez-Delgado, 1988
26 Resting period From September to February No data Vargas and De Sostoa, 1997
22 Onset of oogenesis March-April ['April', 'March'] Vargas and De Sostoa, 1997
22 Onset of oogenesis January-February ['February', 'January'] Fernandez-Delgado, 1988
23 Intensifying oogenesis activity April and June [Decreased in June, certainly due to the first fractioned spawning at the end of May] ['April', 'May', 'June'] Vargas and De Sostoa, 1997
23 Intensifying oogenesis activity March-April ['April', 'March'] Fernandez-Delgado, 1988
21 Oocyte development The ovules displayed continuous, rapid development, in small groups No category Vargas and De Sostoa, 1997
20 Absolute fecundity 0.438 [Average number of vitellogenic oocyes of mature females in a single spawning season] 0.438 thousand eggs Vila-Gispert and Moreno-Amich, 2002
16 Length at sexual maturity From 2.3 to 2.8 [Females] 2.3 cm Fernandez-Delgado, 1988
15 Age at sexual maturity 1 [Sex not precised] 1.0 year Keith, 2001
15 Age at sexual maturity Before 1 [Both sex] 1.0 year Vargas and De Sostoa, 1997
15 Age at sexual maturity 0.4 [4 months, age at maturation] 0.4 year Vila-Gispert and Moreno-Amich, 2002
15 Age at sexual maturity 1 [Not specified] 1.0 year Maitland, 1977
15 Age at sexual maturity From April to July, 1+ group specimens (7-12 months old) reproduced. Their offspring (0+ group, 3-4 months) reproduced) from July to September. 9.5 year Fernandez-Delgado, 1988

Male (78%)


Trait id Trait Primary Data Secondary Data References
31 Onset of spermatogenesis March-April [Beginning of gonadal activity] ['April', 'March'] Vargas and De Sostoa, 1997
31 Onset of spermatogenesis Gonad development started in February and continued till April ['February', 'April'] Fernandez-Delgado, 1988
33 Maximum GSI value Mean of 2.0 [Up to 2.6], in May 2.0 percent Vargas and De Sostoa, 1997
33 Maximum GSI value Mean of 0.5 [In April] 0.5 percent Fernandez-Delgado, 1988
32 Main spermatogenesis activity April-May ['April', 'May'] Vargas and De Sostoa, 1997
32 Main spermatogenesis activity March-April ['April', 'March'] Fernandez-Delgado, 1988
35 Resting period A period of repose from September to February No data Vargas and De Sostoa, 1997
34 Spermatogenesis duration From September until January No data Fernandez-Delgado, 1988
28 Length at sexual maturity Between 1.7 to 2.4 [Male] 1.7 cm Fernandez-Delgado, 1988

Spawning conditions (60%)


Trait id Trait Primary Data Secondary Data References
50 Parental care No parental protection of zygotes, embryo and larvae No category Vila-Gispert and Moreno-Amich, 2002
50 Parental care Nonguarders No care Fishbase, 2006
44 Spawning substrate Within aquatic plants Phytophils Keith, 2001
44 Spawning substrate Natural plants Phytophils Oltra and Todoli, 2000
44 Spawning substrate Phytophils Phytophils Balon, 1975
44 Spawning substrate Within aquatic plants Phytophils Maitland, 1977
45 Spawning site preparation Eggs are deposited on plants located on the ground Susbtrate chooser Billard, 1997
45 Spawning site preparation Zygotes are placed in a special habitat (e.g. scattered on vegetation, or buried in gravel) Susbtrate chooser Vila-Gispert and Moreno-Amich, 2002
45 Spawning site preparation Open water / substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter Fishbase, 2006
45 Spawning site preparation Open substratum spawner Open water/substratum scatter Balon, 1975
41 Spawning temperature 25 25.0 °C Billard, 1997
41 Spawning temperature 22-24 [In aquaria] 23.0 °C Oltra and Todoli, 2000
40 Spawning period duration 14-16 [From May to August] 15.0 weeks Vargas and De Sostoa, 1997
40 Spawning period duration 16 [4.00 months, length of breeding season] 16.0 weeks Vila-Gispert and Moreno-Amich, 2002
43 Spawning depth Shallow waters No data Keith, 2001
43 Spawning depth Shallow waters No data Maitland, 1977
39 Spawning season Summer No data Billard, 1997
39 Spawning season April-August ['April', 'May', 'August', 'June', 'July'] Keith, 2001
39 Spawning season May to August ['August', 'May'] Oltra and Todoli, 2000
39 Spawning season May to August ['August', 'May'] Vargas and De Sostoa, 1997
39 Spawning season July-August ['August', 'July'] Fishbase, 2006
39 Spawning season April-August ['April', 'May', 'August', 'June', 'July'] Maitland, 1977
39 Spawning season May to September ['May', 'September'] Fernandez-Delgado, 1988
48 Spawning release Multiple spawning throughout the reproductive cycle Mutliple Vargas and De Sostoa, 1997
48 Spawning release More than four spawning per year No category Vila-Gispert and Moreno-Amich, 2002
48 Spawning release Mutiple spawner No category Fernandez-Delgado, 1988
49 Parity Only few male and female adults of the 1+ group succeed in surviving the reproductive phase and the following winter No category Vargas and De Sostoa, 1997
49 Parity This stock contains only three age groups (0+, 1+, and 2 +) of which 0+ group constitutes more than 95% [Very few of the 1+ group specimens survived to spawn the following year] No category Fernandez-Delgado, 1988