Schlumberger and Proteau, 1996


Schlumberger, O. and Proteau, J.P. (1996) Reproduction of pike-perch (Stizostedion lucioperca) in captivity. J. Appl. Ichthyol., pp. 149-152

Associated characteristics

Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Sander lucioperca Spawning conditions Mating system By pair Monogamy
Sander lucioperca Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition Spawning takes place at night Night
Sander lucioperca Spawning conditions Parental care The male stays to aerate by fin movements and protects the spawn and young fry Male parental care
Sander lucioperca Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Preferably roots, but can be sand, gravel or stones, from which ther males removes the silt to built its nest Ambiguous
Sander lucioperca Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation He guards the nest and attracts one female, after a 'mating dance' No category
Sander lucioperca Spawning conditions Spawning temperature When water temperature reaches 10-14°C depending on latitude 12.0 °C
Sander lucioperca Spawning conditions Spawning period duration Over a period of 2-3 weeks 2.5 weeks
Sander lucioperca Spawning conditions Spawning depth Spawns in depth from 1 to 5-6 m in rivers and up to 17 m in lakes 5.5 m
Sander lucioperca Male Male sexual dimorphism According to Hungarian aquaculturists sexually mature pike-perch can be sexed on the basis of external features, males have a darker abdomen than the females, and females show a white rounded belly, a broader head, and a higher back than males. In our experiments in early spring, these criteria proved to be unreliable Present
Sander lucioperca Egg Egg adhesiveness Stick rapidly to the substrate Adhesive
Sander lucioperca Female Relative fecundity 200 200.0 thousand eggs/kg
Sander lucioperca Egg Degree-days for incubation Hatching usually occurs at 100-110 DD (at 14-15°C) but can occur earlier (65-90 DD) with a low viability if the eggs are small (diamer: 0.8-1 mm) 105.0 °C * day
Sander lucioperca Egg Temperature for incubation Incubation temperature must stay below 20°C to avoid deformities 20.0 °C
Sander lucioperca Egg Egg size after water-hardening 0.8-1.5 [Swollen] 1.15 mm
Sander lucioperca Spawning conditions Spawning season Spring No data
Sander lucioperca Larvae Temperature during larval development Temperatures lower than 10°C are lethal to the larvae 10.0 °C
Sander lucioperca Larvae Reaction to light The hatched larvae are highly phototropic Photopositive
Sander lucioperca Larvae Full yolk-sac resorption 100-110 at 14-15°C 105.0 °C * day
Sander lucioperca Larvae Initial larval size 4.5-5.5 5.0 mm
Sander lucioperca Larvae Larvae behaviour Show alternate phases of upward swimming to the water surface and passive falling to the tank bottom Demersal
Sander lucioperca Spawning conditions Spawning release Female lays all the eggs simultaneously No category