Goodyear et al, 1982



Citation


Goodyear, C.D. and Edsall, T.A. and Ormsky Depsey, D. M. and Moss, G.D. and Polanski, P.E. (1982) Atlas of the spawning and nursery areas of great lakes fishes.
Office of Biological services Fish and Wildlife Service US Department of the Interior

Associated characteristics


Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Carassius auratus Egg Egg adhesiveness Eggs adhere to substrate, usually vegetation at spawning site Adhesive
Carassius auratus Egg Incubation time Eggs hatch in 2-1/2 to 7 days at 82-60°F 1.5 days
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Move inshore short distances into littoral areas or tributaries beginning at about 45°F 45.0 km
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning migration period Move inshore short distances into littoral areas or tributaries beginning at about 45°F No data
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning season Mid-April to Mid-August, usually May-June ['April', 'May', 'June', 'July', 'August']
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature Beginning at about 55°F; spawning may continue throughout the summer if water temperature remains above 60°F 55.0 °C
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning water type Current-free areas in lower reaches of rivers, bays, harbors, lagoons, marshes, and flooded lowlands Flowing or turbulent water
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning depth 2-12 feet 7.0 m
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Eggs are scattered over thick vegetation and mud, sand, clay, or gravel; also deposited on undersides of boats and harbor pilings Lithophils
Cyprinus carpio Egg Egg adhesiveness Adhesive eggs incubate on firm susbtrate including plants, dead grass, tree roots, stones, and Cladophora fronds (thalli) Adhesive
Cyprinus carpio Egg Incubation time Eggs hatch in 1-3 weeks 2.0 days
Cyprinus carpio Larvae Larvae behaviour Prolarvae settle to bottom immediatly after hatching and attach to plants or other objects; fry tend to leave spawning areas about 2 weeks after hatching but remain along shore among vegetation through summer Demersal
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Move from littoral waters into marshes beginning in April or early May at about 45°F; also ascend tributaries, usually only short distances, but sometimes as far as 10-15 mi 12.5 km
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning season May-August at 52-90°F; peak spawning occurs in late Mat-early June at 65-73°F; spawning may extend throughout summer subject to interruption by cool weather ['May', 'June', 'July', 'August', 'September']
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning water type Protected areas of lakes and rivers, including bays, harbors, marshes, sloughs, flooded shorelines, and river mouths; also on shoals and reefs Stagnant water
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning depth To 20 Ft, but usually less than 3 feet, and often 3 inches-1 feet 20.0 m
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Eggs are broadcast at random near the surface over mud, muck, silt, sand, matted roots or dead grass, and abundant emergent, submergent, and floating vegetation; also over gravel, rock and rubble Lithophils
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Parity Disperse after spawning but remain in shallows throughout the summer; No category
Esox masquinongy Egg Egg adhesiveness Eggs incubate on vegetation and debris at spawning site Non-Adhesive
Esox masquinongy Egg Incubation time 8-15 days at 50-62°F 11.5 days
Esox masquinongy Larvae Larvae behaviour Prolarvae remain among vegetation for about 10 days Demersal
Esox masquinongy Spawning conditions Spawning migration period Make estensive migrations into tributaries, often to the headwaters, or to lake shallows, when the water temperature rises to 42°F, following ice breakup No data
Esox masquinongy Spawning conditions Spawning season Late March-June, but usually May and June ['March', 'May', 'June']
Esox masquinongy Spawning conditions Spawning temperature At 46-65°F, 8-18°C 55.5 °C
Esox masquinongy Spawning conditions Spawning water type Protected bays, harbors, marshes, stream mouths, feeder streams, and flooded lowlands; also in current-swept areas at edges of channels Flowing or turbulent water
Esox masquinongy Spawning conditions Spawning depth 6 inches 15 feet, usually less than 3 feet 6.0 m
Esox masquinongy Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Over mud, muck, clay, or sand with decayed vegetation and woody debris, including brush, logs and stumps Psammophils
Esox masquinongy Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Eggs are scattered Open water/substratum scatter
Esox masquinongy Spawning conditions Parity Males return to lake when water temperatures reaches about 60°F; females remain in river channels several weeks and return to lake in mid-August Iteroparous
Esox lucius Egg Egg adhesiveness Eggs adhere to vegetation or debris at spawning site Adhesive
Esox lucius Egg Incubation time Eggs hatch in 1-3-1/2 weeks, usually in 10-18 days at 52-42°F 2.0 days
Esox lucius Larvae Larvae behaviour Prolarvae remain in attached to vegetation at spawning site for 5-10 days Demersal
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning migration period Migrate from deeper water to littoral areas or into tributaries at time of ice breakup, beginning at about 33-40°F; may begin to congregate at river mouths in late February before ice breakup ['February']
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning season Usually late March-late April at 40-50°F ['March', 'April']
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning period duration A period of 10-24 days 17.0 weeks
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning temperature Usually late March-late April at 40-50°F 45.0 °C
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning water type Areas with sluggish water current, including shore line weeds beds and marshes, sloughs, bays and harbors, river mouths, ditches, feeder streams, and temporarily flooded lowlands Stagnant water
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning depth To 24 feet, but usually less than 6 feet and often less than 2 feet 24.0 m
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Eggsare scattered over soft bottom, with abundant emergent and submergent vegetation; may also spawn over gravel and rock Lithophils
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Eggs are scattered Open water/substratum scatter
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Parity Return to lake after spawning Iteroparous
Ambloplites rupestris Egg Egg Buoyancy Incubate on rootlets or venegation in nest No category
Ambloplites rupestris Egg Egg adhesiveness Adhesive eggs incubate on rootlets or venegation in nest Adhesive
Ambloplites rupestris Egg Incubation time 3-4 days at 69-70°F or 10-12 days at 60°F 3.5 days
Ambloplites rupestris Egg Degree-days for incubation 3-4 days at 69-70°F or 10-12 days at 60°F 3.5 °C * day
Ambloplites rupestris Larvae Larvae behaviour Prolarvae remain in nest 2-3 days Demersal
Ambloplites rupestris Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Often move many males along shore to rech bays and creek mouths; stream residents congregate in pools just before spawning No data
Ambloplites rupestris Spawning conditions Spawning migration period Move inshore beginning at 55°F No data
Ambloplites rupestris Spawning conditions Spawning season April-early August, usually late May-June ['April', 'May', 'June', 'August']
Ambloplites rupestris Spawning conditions Spawning temperature At 57-75°F, i.e., 14-24°C 66.0 °C
Ambloplites rupestris Spawning conditions Spawning water type Sheltered nearshore areas, including bays, harbors, lagoons, marshes, creek mouths, and lower reaches of tributaries; current-swept lake shoals and ledges; moderateswift water in streams; Stagnant water
Ambloplites rupestris Spawning conditions Spawning depth To 20 feet, usually less than 6 feet 20.0 m
Ambloplites rupestris Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravel, rock, sand, clay, marl or vegetation to expose fibrous plant roolets Lithophils
Ambloplites rupestris Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Eggs are deposited in shallow depression excavated Susbtrate chooser
Ambloplites rupestris Spawning conditions Parity Lake residents than return to lake Iteroparous
Ambloplites rupestris Spawning conditions Parental care Male guards nest and newly hatched fry Male parental care
Micropterus dolomieui Egg Egg adhesiveness Eggs adhere to stones, short stems, or roots on bottom of nest Adhesive
Micropterus dolomieui Egg Incubation time Eggs hatch in 2-15 days at 70-55°F 8.5 days
Micropterus dolomieui Egg Temperature for incubation 55-70°F 62.5 °C
Micropterus dolomieui Larvae Larvae behaviour Fry gradually disperse from nest when 1-2 weeks old and are then found along edges of vegetation beds Demersal
Micropterus dolomieui Spawning conditions Spawning migration period Migrate inshore and enter bays and tributaries; movement begins when water temperature rises above 40°F; peak movement occurs at 55°F No data
Micropterus dolomieui Spawning conditions Spawning season A period of 6-10 days in March to mid-August, usually May-July ['March', 'April', 'May', 'June', 'July', 'August']
Micropterus dolomieui