Scholfield, 2005



Citation


No detailed citation.

Associated characteristics


Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Vegetation, roots or fixed objects Phytophils
Carassius carassius Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Vegetation Phytophils
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Scatter their adhesive eggs No category
Carassius carassius Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Release over vegetation No category
Aristichthys nobilis Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 19.2-29.0 24.1 °C
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature Above 16 16.0 °C
Carassius carassius Spawning conditions Spawning temperature Above 18 18.0 °C
Ctenopharyngodon idella Spawning conditions Spawning temperature Between 17-26, with peak spawning at 21-26°C 21.5 °C
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 19.2-29.0 24.1 °C
Mylopharyngodon piceus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 19.2-29.0 24.1 °C
Aristichthys nobilis Spawning conditions Spawning water type Spawning grounds are usually located in river reaches characterized by turbulent or whirlpool-like flow, often in the vicinity of islands or stream junctions [Reported current velocities of spawning areas in China ranged from 0.33 to0.90m/s] Flowing or turbulent water
Ctenopharyngodon idella Spawning conditions Spawning water type Spawning grounds are usually located in river reaches characterized by turbulent or whirlpool-like flow, often in the vicinity of islands or stream junctions [Reported current velocities of spawning areas in China ranged from 0.33 to0.90m/s] Flowing or turbulent water
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Spawning conditions Spawning water type Spawning grounds are usually located in river reaches characterized by turbulent or whirlpool-like flow, often in the vicinity of islands or stream junctions [Reported current velocities of spawning areas in China ranged from 0.33 to0.90m/s] Flowing or turbulent water
Mylopharyngodon piceus Spawning conditions Spawning water type Spawning grounds are usually located in river reaches characterized by turbulent or whirlpool-like flow, often in the vicinity of islands or stream junctions [Reported current velocities of spawning areas in China ranged from 0.33 to0.90m/s] Flowing or turbulent water
Carassius carassius Male Male sexual dimorphism Males generally mature one year earlier Absent
Ctenopharyngodon idella Male Male sexual dimorphism Males generally mature a year earlier than females Absent
Carassius auratus Egg Egg adhesiveness Adhesive Adhesive
Carassius auratus Egg Incubation time 3-7 days 5.0 days
Carassius auratus Female Age at sexual maturity 1-2 [sex not specified] 1.5 years
Carassius carassius Female Age at sexual maturity 2-5 [Not specified] 3.5 years
Ctenopharyngodon idella Female Age at sexual maturity 2-5 years in subtropical/tropical areas and 4-7 years in temperate regions [Sex not specified] 3.5 years
Aristichthys nobilis Egg Egg Buoyancy The eggs of chinese carps are semibuoyant and are carried by currents until they hatch Ambiguous
Ctenopharyngodon idella Egg Egg Buoyancy The eggs of chinese carps are semibuoyant and are carried by currents until they hatch Ambiguous
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Egg Egg Buoyancy The eggs of chinese carps are semibuoyant and are carried by currents until they hatch Ambiguous
Mylopharyngodon piceus Egg Egg Buoyancy The eggs of chinese carps are semibuoyant and are carried by currents until they hatch Ambiguous
Ctenopharyngodon idella Female Absolute fecundity 225-2000 1112.5 thousand eggs
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning season Spring and summer ['August', 'July', 'September']
Carassius auratus Female Age at sexual maturity 1-2 [sex not specified] 1.5 year
Carassius carassius Female Age at sexual maturity 2-5 [Not specified] 3.5 year
Ctenopharyngodon idella Female Age at sexual maturity 2-5 years in subtropical/tropical areas and 4-7 years in temperate regions [Sex not specified] 3.5 year
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning release Batch spawner Mutliple
Carassius carassius Spawning conditions Spawning release Batch spawner Mutliple
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Parity Reproduction occurs annually for about 6-7 years No category
Carassius carassius Spawning conditions Parity The maximum lifespan of wild crucian carp is about 10 years No category