Horvath et al, 1992



Citation


Horvath, L. and Gizella, T. and Seagrave, C. (1992) Carp and pond fish culture., pp. 155

Associated characteristics


Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Aristichthys nobilis Egg Oocyte diameter 0.7-1.3 1.0 mm
Aristichthys nobilis Egg Egg size after water-hardening 3.7-6 4.85 mm
Aristichthys nobilis Egg Incubation time 1-2 1.5 days
Aristichthys nobilis Egg Degree-days for incubation 24-50 37.0 °C * day
Aristichthys nobilis Larvae Initial larval size 5-5.2 5.1 mm
Aristichthys nobilis Female Age at sexual maturity 5-7 6.0 year
Aristichthys nobilis Female Length at sexual maturity 40-100 70.0 cm
Aristichthys nobilis Female Weight at sexual maturity 3-10 6.5 kg
Aristichthys nobilis Female Relative fecundity 40-80 60.0 thousand eggs/kg
Aristichthys nobilis Female Absolute fecundity 200-1500 850.0 thousand eggs
Aristichthys nobilis Male Age at sexual maturity 4-6 5.0 years
Aristichthys nobilis Male Length at sexual maturity 40-90 65.0 cm
Aristichthys nobilis Male Weight at sexual maturity 3-7 5.0 kg
Aristichthys nobilis Spawning conditions Spawning season May-July ['May', 'July']
Aristichthys nobilis Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 21-25 23.0 °C
Carassius auratus Egg Egg adhesiveness Released eggs stick to the leaves of plants within a few seconds irrespective of whether fertilisation has been successful Adhesive
Carassius auratus Egg Incubation time Few days No data
Carassius auratus Larvae Sibling intracohort cannibalism Cannibaslim by the parents on eggs and larvae ! Absent
Carassius auratus Male Male sexual dimorphism Tiny white bumps on the head and around the pectoral fin Absent
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning season First warm days of spring ['April', 'May', 'June']
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature Around 15°C [Garden ponds] 15.0 °C
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Dense vegetation Phytophils
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition The spawing and laying of eggs usually commences at dawn Dawn
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Mating system Each mature female ready to release eggs is followed by a group of males […], the relase of larbe numbers of eggs and milt occurs. Promiscuity
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning release In favourable conditions fish may spawn several times in a season Multiple
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Parental care No, rather spawning parents often prefer to eat the new-laid eggs and hatched alevins No care
Ctenopharyngodon idella Egg Oocyte diameter 0.7-1.3 1.0 mm
Ctenopharyngodon idella Egg Egg size after water-hardening 3.7-6 4.85 mm
Ctenopharyngodon idella Egg Incubation time 1-2 1.5 days
Ctenopharyngodon idella Egg Degree-days for incubation 24-50 37.0 °C * day
Ctenopharyngodon idella Larvae Initial larval size 5-5.2 5.1 mm
Ctenopharyngodon idella Female Age at sexual maturity 5-7 6.0 year
Ctenopharyngodon idella Female Length at sexual maturity 40-100 70.0 cm
Ctenopharyngodon idella Female Weight at sexual maturity 3-10 6.5 kg
Ctenopharyngodon idella Female Relative fecundity 40-80 60.0 thousand eggs/kg
Ctenopharyngodon idella Female Absolute fecundity 200-1500 850.0 thousand eggs
Ctenopharyngodon idella Male Age at sexual maturity 4-6 5.0 years
Ctenopharyngodon idella Male Length at sexual maturity 40-90 65.0 cm
Ctenopharyngodon idella Male Weight at sexual maturity 3-7 5.0 kg
Ctenopharyngodon idella Spawning conditions Spawning season May-July ['May', 'July']
Ctenopharyngodon idella Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 21-25 23.0 °C
Cyprinus carpio Egg Oocyte diameter 1.0-1.5 1.25 mm
Cyprinus carpio Egg Egg size after water-hardening 2-2.5 2.25 mm
Cyprinus carpio Egg Incubation time 3-4 3.5 days
Cyprinus carpio Egg Degree-days for incubation 60-70 [At optimum incubation temperature] 65.0 °C * day
Cyprinus carpio Larvae Initial larval size 4.8-5.0 4.9 mm
Cyprinus carpio Larvae Temperature during larval development 20-24 [Propagation temperature] 22.0 °C
Cyprinus carpio Female Age at sexual maturity 4-5 4.5 year
Cyprinus carpio Female Length at sexual maturity 30-40 35.0 cm
Cyprinus carpio Female Weight at sexual maturity 4-5 4.5 kg
Cyprinus carpio Female Relative fecundity 100-200 150.0 thousand eggs/kg
Cyprinus carpio Female Absolute fecundity 200-1500 850.0 thousand eggs
Cyprinus carpio Male Age at sexual maturity 2-3 2.5 years
Cyprinus carpio Male Length at sexual maturity 25-30 27.5 cm
Cyprinus carpio Male Weight at sexual maturity 3-4 3.5 kg
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning season April-June ['April', 'June']
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 16-22 19.0 °C
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Egg Oocyte diameter 0.7-1.3 1.0 mm
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Egg Egg size after water-hardening 3.7-6 4.85 mm
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Egg Incubation time 1-2 1.5 days
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Egg Degree-days for incubation 24-50 37.0 °C * day
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Larvae Initial larval size 5-5.2 5.1 mm
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Female Age at sexual maturity 5-7 6.0 year