Laurila et al, 1987


Laurila, S. and Piironen, J. and Holopainen, I.J. (1987) Notes on egg development and larval and juvenile growth of crucian carp (Carassius carassius (L.)). Annales Zoologici Fennici, pp. 315-321

Associated characteristics

Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Carassius carassius Egg Temperature for incubation 24-28, temperature for the shortest embryonic development [Eggs hatched normally at 15-28°C, but died at 5-10, and above 30°C] 26.0 °C
Carassius carassius Egg Degree-days for incubation 80-100 [6 days at 18-19°C in natural conditions, or 3 days at 24-28°C] 90.0 °C * day
Carassius carassius Larvae Initial larval size 4.5-5.5 5.0 mm
Carassius carassius Larvae Larvae behaviour In nature, the free embryo are passive and often attach themselves to plants, where they stay hiding for the first 1-2 days of the endogenous feeding period Demersal
Carassius carassius Larvae Temperature during larval development 20-25, maximum size obtained and highest yolk utilization efficiency [At 5°C, no increase but the larvae were deformed and all died after 8 days] 22.5 °C
Carassius carassius Larvae Full yolk-sac resorption At 20 and 25°C, a maximum size of 7.6 mm, and at 30°C, 7.4 mm was achieved. The survival time (50% mortality) on yolk sac energy was 8 days both at 5 and 25-30°C, 9 days at at 20°C, and 14 days at 10-14°C. Even when Artemia nauplii were available on the fourth day, feeding (food in the gut) was noted at 15°C only, but its importance even here is not known since all died at the embryonic stage 27.5 °C * day
Carassius carassius Larvae Onset of exogeneous feeding When food are available from the start, larvae began mixed feeding at lengths of 6.5-7.2 mm, after 2-4 days of development at 20-30°C, when much of the yolk was present 6.85 °C * day
Carassius carassius Spawning conditions Spawning water type Ponds Stagnant water
Carassius carassius Spawning conditions Spawning depth Shallow areas of ponds No data
Carassius carassius Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Plant substrate Phytophils
Carassius carassius Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation No, eggs are laid on plant susbtrates Susbtrate chooser
Carassius carassius Spawning conditions Spawning release Multiple (fractional) spawner Multiple
Carassius carassius Spawning conditions Spawning release Up to three spawning periods between late May and early August Multiple
Tinca tinca Egg Incubation time 2 [25°C] or 3 [20°C] 2.0 days
Tinca tinca Egg Temperature for incubation 19-24 21.5 °C
Tinca tinca Egg Degree-days for incubation 50-60 [2 days at 25°C, 3 at 20°C] 55.0 °C * day