Zydlewski and McCormick, 1997


Zydlewski, J. and McCormick, J.H. (1997) The ontogeny of salinity tolerance in the American shad, Alosa sapidissima. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, pp. 182-189

Associated characteristics

Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Alosa sapidissima Spawning conditions Spawning water type Spawning occurs in open water beyond tidal influence No category
Alosa sapidissima Egg Incubation time Hatching occured on June 13, i.e. 6-7 days at 16.6-19°C 6.5 days
Alosa sapidissima Egg Temperature for incubation Filtered Connecticut river water (16.6-19°C during incubation) was supplied to an upwelling jar 17.8 °C
Alosa sapidissima Egg Egg size after water-hardening Average egg diameter was 3.4 mm 3.4 mm
Alosa sapidissima Spawning conditions Spawning migration period Reproductive adults migrate into coastal rivers in the spring when river temperatures are between 14 and 20°C ['April', 'May', 'June']
Alosa sapidissima Larvae Temperature during larval development The temperature was maintained at 20.0 ±1°C 20.0 °C
Alosa sapidissima Larvae Onset of exogeneous feeding The transition from endogenous to exogenous feeding occured between days 3 and 6, at 20 ± 1.0°C 20.0 °C * day