Kestemont and Mélard, 1994



Citation


Kestemont, P. and Mélard, C. (1994) L'élévage intensif du goujon et de quelques autres poissons d'eau douce (Vairon, poisson rouge, Ide mélanote)., pp. 64

Associated characteristics


Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Aquatic plant substrate Phytophils
Leuciscus idus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Plants or sandy bottoms Ambiguous
Leuciscus leuciscus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Plants or sand Ambiguous
Phoxinus phoxinus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravels are required to induce spawning Lithophils
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature About 20°C 20.0 °C
Leuciscus idus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature When temperature reaches 13°C 13.0 °C
Leuciscus leuciscus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature >13°C 13.0 °C
Phoxinus phoxinus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature A minimum temperature of 12-14°C is required in natural conditions to observe spawning 13.0 °C
Phoxinus phoxinus Female Female sexual dimorphism Some females can display bright colours Present
Phoxinus phoxinus Male Male sexual dimorphism During the spawning season, males displayed a bright coloration all over the body and bear nuptial tubercles over the head Present
Carassius auratus Egg Egg adhesiveness Adhesive Adhesive
Leuciscus idus Egg Egg adhesiveness Adhesive eggs Adhesive
Carassius auratus Egg Incubation time About 1 week 1.0 days
Phoxinus phoxinus Egg Incubation time 5.75 days [At 16°C], 4 [At 20°C] 5.75 days
Carassius auratus Female Relative fecundity Around 100 100.0 thousand eggs/kg
Gobio gobio Female Relative fecundity 200-250: 500-4500 [Age 2, weight 10g], 1500-9000 [Age 3, 20-25 g] 225.0 thousand eggs/kg
Leuciscus idus Female Relative fecundity About 100 000 eggsper kg of female 100.0 thousand eggs/kg
Phoxinus phoxinus Female Age at sexual maturity Males are generally mature at 1-2 years 1.5 years
Carassius auratus Egg Degree-days for incubation About 90 90.0 °C * day
Leuciscus idus Egg Degree-days for incubation About 100 DD 100.0 °C * day
Phoxinus phoxinus Egg Degree-days for incubation 80-90 at 20 and 16°C respectively 85.0 °C * day
Leuciscus idus Egg Egg size after water-hardening 2.5 mm [Not specified if swollen] 2.5 mm
Leuciscus leuciscus Egg Egg size after water-hardening 2.5 [Not specified] 2.5 mm
Phoxinus phoxinus Female Oocyte development Asynchronous ovogenesis Asynchronous
Gobio gobio Female Absolute fecundity 500-4500 [Age 2], 1500-9000 [Age 3], 3000-15000 [Age 4] 2500.0 thousand eggs
Leuciscus idus Female Absolute fecundity A female can spawn about 100 000 eggs 100.0 thousand eggs
Leuciscus leuciscus Female Absolute fecundity About 100 000 eggs 100.0 thousand eggs
Phoxinus phoxinus Female Absolute fecundity Fecundity is estimated to be between 200 to 500 oocytes per female for the young individual and can reach 2500 to 3000 oocytes for females of great size 200.0 thousand eggs
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning season June-July ['June', 'July']
Leuciscus idus Spawning conditions Spawning season March-April ['April', 'March']
Leuciscus leuciscus Spawning conditions Spawning season March-April ['April', 'March']
Phoxinus phoxinus Spawning conditions Spawning season From April to July (sometimes in August), but with a peak of spawning in May-June ['April', 'May', 'August', 'June', 'July']
Leuciscus idus Larvae Temperature during larval development Can be realized at 24-26°C 25.0 °C
Phoxinus phoxinus Larvae Temperature during larval development Either at 16 or 20°C 16.0 °C
Leuciscus idus Larvae Full yolk-sac resorption The resorption of the yolk-sac lasts about 80-90 DD 85.0 °C * day
Phoxinus phoxinus Larvae Full yolk-sac resorption The resorption of the yolk sac requires 8 days at 16°C, and 5.5 days at 20°C 8.0 °C * day
Gobio gobio Female Weight at sexual maturity Gudgeon generally reaches a size of 8-10 cm and a weight of 10 g at 2 years, 12-13 cm and 20-25 g at 3 years 9.0 kg
Carassius auratus Larvae Onset of exogeneous feeding Three days after hatching at 20°C, the young larvae swim towards the surface for fulfill their swimbladder, and then start to search food 20.0 °C * day
Carassius auratus Female Age at sexual maturity Usually at 2 in our latitudes, sex not specified 2.0 year
Leuciscus idus Female Age at sexual maturity Between 2-5 years [Sex not specified] 3.5 year
Leuciscus leuciscus Female Age at sexual maturity 2-5 [Sex not specified] 3.5 year
Phoxinus phoxinus Female Age at sexual maturity Female are generally mature a year after males, at 2-3 years 2.5 year
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning release In the region where temperatures of water maintains above an higher value during several months, several spawning could be observed in the same breeders Mutliple
Phoxinus phoxinus Spawning conditions Spawning release Frationnal spawning with an interal of 12-15 days between two spawnings No category
Leuciscus idus Spawning conditions Parity Can reach 15 years No category
Phoxinus phoxinus Spawning conditions Parity The lifespan is on average 3-4 years with a maximum of 5-6 years, which thus limit the sexual life of females to 2-3 years No category