Crivelli, 1981



Citation


Crivelli, A.J. (1981) The biology of the common carp, Cyrpinus carpio L. in the Camargue, southern France. Journal of fish biology, pp. 271-290

Associated characteristics


Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition Spawning occurred mainly early in the morning until 10.00 hours, although some carp were observed just before the sunset Day
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Abundant and fixed vegetation (macrophytes, red or even in the Camargue sansouire) Phytophils
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning temperature A temperature around15-16°C 15.5 °C
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning period duration Duration of spanwing of carp from different areas: March to August [Camargue, France], Mid-March to August [scutari Lake, Y.U.], Mid-April to July [Terek delta, U.S.S.R], Mid-April to August [Danube Delta, Rou.], May to July [St-Lawrence Lake, Canada], May-June [South Dakota, U.S.A] No data
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning water type A shallow flooded area No category
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning depth Shallow areas No data
Cyprinus carpio Female Maximum GSI value Mean of 28%, up to 30% [June] 28.0 percent
Cyprinus carpio Male Onset of spermatogenesis August ['August']
Cyprinus carpio Male Maximum GSI value Mean of 8.2, up to 9.2 [Beginning of April] 8.2 percent
Cyprinus carpio Female Resting period July and august are a quiescent period of gonadal activity, a stage of regeneration No data
Cyprinus carpio Male Main spermatogenesis activity August-September, then increase slowly until March ['August', 'March', 'September']
Cyprinus carpio Female Onset of oogenesis October ['October']
Cyprinus carpio Female Intensifying oogenesis activity A dramatic growth is observed in April ['April']
Cyprinus carpio Male Spermatogenesis duration Although the spermatogenesis is continuous there is a male gonadal cycle which increases in September and decreases around May No data
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning season The spawning of carp in the Camargue begins in March and ens generally in August: for Europe this is the longest known spawing period ['August', 'March']