Coad, 2005



Citation


Coad, B.W. (2005) Species Accounts - Cyprinidae - Rhodeus. , pp.

Associated characteristics


Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Anguilla anguilla Spawning conditions Mating system Under articificial conditions, eels are promiscuous Promiscuity
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Mating system The male has a complex courtship dance with zig-zag motions and a leading motion to the nest. A responsible female adopts a submissive head up position, which also reveals the egg-swollen belly … No category
Pseudorasbora parva Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition Morning Day
Leucaspius delineatus Spawning conditions Parental care Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male who covers them with a bacteriostatic thermal mucus No category
Pseudorasbora parva Spawning conditions Parental care Protected by the male using the head tubercules to drive away other fishes. Males clean the eggs and remove dead ones No category
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Parental care Male guards and fans the eggs and guards the fry Male parental care
Alburnoides bipunctatus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Sand or gravel Ambiguous
Leucaspius delineatus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Around plants or on any flat surface Phytophils
Pseudorasbora parva Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Lower surfaces of stones, occassionnaly on mollusc shells Lithophils
Vimba vimba Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Eggs are deposited on gravel or stones, concrete structures and flooded fields Lithophils
Leucaspius delineatus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Females may also lay their eggs in a disc-shaped patch on any flat surface Susbtrate chooser
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation The male builds a barrel-shaped nest in shallow, sandy areas from plant fragments glued together on the bottom with kidney secretions Nest built by male
Anguilla anguilla Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 17 17.0 °C
Alburnoides bipunctatus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 13-15.6 14.3 °C
Leucaspius delineatus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 18 is the miminum temperature required for reproduction 18.0 °C
Pseudorasbora parva Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 16-18 17.0 °C
Vimba vimba Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 16-20°C 18.0 °C
Alburnoides bipunctatus Spawning conditions Spawning period duration 15 weeks in laboratory conditions 15.0 weeks
Aspius aspius Spawning conditions Spawning period duration 1-2 [10-15 days] 1.5 weeks
Leucaspius delineatus Spawning conditions Spawning period duration Few weeks No data
Pseudorasbora parva Spawning conditions Spawning period duration 8 8.0 weeks
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Spawning period duration The male parental cycle at one site in Canada lasts 9-15 days with female interspawning intervals of 19 days. 12.0 weeks
Alburnoides bipunctatus Spawning conditions Spawning water type Fast-flowing water Flowing or turbulent water
Pseudorasbora parva Spawning conditions Spawning water type Warm, shallow and calm waters No category
Vimba vimba Spawning conditions Spawning water type Current of 0.6-0.9 m/s Flowing or turbulent water
Anguilla anguilla Spawning conditions Spawning depth Spawning grounds are about 400 meters 400.0 m
Pseudorasbora parva Spawning conditions Spawning depth Shallow No data
Alburnoides bipunctatus Female Female sexual dimorphism Snout longer Absent
Leucaspius delineatus Female Female sexual dimorphism Females have a unique fold of skin in the shape of two, large rounded papilla around the genital opening Present
Pseudorasbora parva Female Female sexual dimorphism Horny pads on the jaws Absent
Vimba vimba Female Female sexual dimorphism Females may also develop tubercules but to a lesser extent Absent
Alburnoides bipunctatus Male Male sexual dimorphism Pelvic fin longer Absent
Leucaspius delineatus Male Male sexual dimorphism Prominent nuptial tubercles on the dorsal head surface, snout, on the lower jaw in three pairs on the upper jaw in two pairs for a total of about 60 tubercules. The genital opening is depressed Present
Pseudorasbora parva Male Male sexual dimorphism Male are darker than females and the flank has a metallic violet sheen, horny pad developps on the jaws, sharp tubercules Present
Vimba vimba Male Male sexual dimorphism The males become black on the back, reddish on the belly, their fins become red and the tips of the dorsal and caudal fins become dark, and they develop minute tubercles on the body during the spawning season Absent
Gasterosteus aculeatus Male Male sexual dimorphism Breeding males develop a red belly and throat, blue sides, light blue back and have bright blue or turquoise eyes Present
Alburnoides bipunctatus Egg Egg adhesiveness Adhesive Adhesive
Aspius aspius Egg Egg adhesiveness Adhering to stone Adhesive
Pseudorasbora parva Egg Egg adhesiveness Adhesive Adhesive
Aspius aspius Egg Incubation time 9-10 9.5 days
Vimba vimba Egg Incubation time 3-3.5 3.25 days
Anguilla anguilla Female Relative fecundity 3000 3000.0 thousand eggs/kg
Alburnoides bipunctatus Female Age at sexual maturity 1-2 [Sex not precised] 1.5 years
Vimba vimba Female Age at sexual maturity 2 2.0 years
Vimba vimba Egg Degree-days for incubation 50-70 [70-77 hours at 17-22°C] 60.0 °C * day
Vimba vimba Egg Temperature for incubation 17-22 19.5 °C
Anguilla anguilla Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Spawning phase to reach the Sargasso Sea 7000 km from Europe 7000.0 km
Aspius aspius Egg Egg size after water-hardening 2.0-2.2 [Up to 2.4] 2.1 mm
Pseudorasbora parva Egg Egg size after water-hardening 2-2.5 [Not specified] 2.25 mm
Anguilla anguilla Egg Egg Buoyancy Pelagic Pelagic
Vimba vimba Egg Egg Buoyancy Demersal [Deposit on gravel and stones] Demersal
Vimba vimba Spawning conditions Spawning migration period The spawning migration begins in March or April at 10-13°C ['April', 'March']
Anguilla anguilla Egg Oocyte diameter 1.2 1.2 mm
Alburnoides bipunctatus Egg Oocyte diameter 2.16 [Not precised] 2.16 mm
Aspius aspius Egg Oocyte diameter 1.7 1.7 mm
Leucaspius delineatus Egg Oocyte diameter 0.5-1.5 1.0 mm
Vimba vimba Egg Oocyte diameter 1.3-1.4 1.35 mm
Gasterosteus aculeatus Egg Oocyte diameter 1.8 1.8 mm
Alburnoides bipunctatus Female Absolute fecundity 6.496 6.496 thousand eggs
Leucaspius delineatus Female Absolute fecundity 0.4-3.5 1.95 thousand eggs
Vimba vimba Female Absolute fecundity 89.2-200 144.6 thousand eggs
Anguilla anguilla Spawning conditions Spawning season Spawning takes place at the beginning of March ['March']
Alburnoides bipunctatus Spawning conditions Spawning season April-June ['April', 'May', 'June']
Aspius aspius Spawning conditions Spawning season Mid-February to late March ['February', 'March']
Leucaspius delineatus Spawning conditions Spawning season March to September ['March', 'September']
Pseudorasbora parva Spawning conditions Spawning season April-August ['April', 'May', 'August', 'June', 'July']
Vimba vimba Spawning conditions Spawning season End of April until the end of May or into June ['April', 'May', 'June']
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Spawning season April to October ['April', 'October']
Anguilla anguilla Female Length at sexual maturity Usually begin to mature at 54 cm to longer [38-130, silver age, female] 84.0 cm
Vimba vimba Female Length at sexual maturity 16-23 [Length of most spawning females] 19.5 cm
Anguilla anguilla Male Length at sexual maturity 29-40 [Silver age] 34.5 cm
Vimba vimba Male Length at sexual maturity 13-19 16.0 cm
Alburnoides bipunctatus Female Age at sexual maturity 1-2 [Sex not precised] 1.5 year
Vimba vimba Female Age at sexual maturity 2-3 2.5 year
Alburnoides bipunctatus Spawning conditions Spawning release Multiple spawning over a period of 15 weeks Mutliple
Leucaspius delineatus Spawning conditions Spawning release Several spawnings occur over a few weeks Mutliple
Pseudorasbora parva Spawning conditions Spawning release Intermittent Spawning with up to 85 eggs per batch. up to 60 batches og eggs may be laid in a spawning season Ambiguous
Vimba vimba Spawning conditions Spawning release Spawning is non-intermittent Fractional
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Spawning release Males and females only complete one spawning in natural conditions though laboratory studies show males capable of 5 reproductive cycles and females of producing a clutch of eggs every 3-4 days. No category
Coregonus lavaretus Spawning conditions Spawning release Females move in each night as they rippen No category
Anguilla anguilla Spawning conditions Parity Mirgating to sea to spawn and die Semelparous
Cobitis taenia Spawning conditions Parity Lives up to 5 years and is mature in its second year of life No category
Alburnoides bipunctatus Spawning conditions Parity In Azerbaijan, maturity is attained at 1-2 years and life span is 3 years No category
Alburnus alburnus Spawning conditions Parity Maturity is attained at 3 years and life span is up to 9 years No category
Aspius aspius Spawning conditions Parity Life span in the Volga delta is 7-8 years with the bulk of the population mature at 6 years. In the waters of Dagestan life span is 8 years with maturity at 4 years No category
Leucaspius delineatus Spawning conditions Parity Life span is about 4-6 years with growth fairly continuous over this period No category
Pseudorasbora parva Spawning conditions Parity Lifespan is about 5 years with maturity attained at 1-2 years, usually at 1 year in Europe No category
Vimba vimba Spawning conditions Parity Life span is 6 years in Iran, at least 7 years elsewhere No category