Fitzgerald, 1983



Citation


Fitzgerald, G.J. (1983) The reprodcutive ecology and behaviour of three sympatric sticklebacks (Gasterosteidae) in a saltmarsch. Biology of behaviour, pp. 67-79

Associated characteristics


Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Mating system Male mate with 2 or 3 different females on average [Polygamous] No category
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Mating system Males mate with 4 different females [Polygamous] Polygyny
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition Courtship of females and fertilization of eggs generally occured on warm sunny days Day
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition Courtship of females and fertilization of eggs generally occured on warm sunny days Day
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Parental care Males care for eggs and fry Male parental care
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Parental care Males care for eggs and fry Male parental care
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Prefers to nest in relatively thick vegetation, but are not confined to these areas (rocks) Ambiguous
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation The sexually mature male establishes a territory on or near the substrate and then builts a nest No category
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature >15°C [Little courtship occur when water temperature often exceed 25°C] 15.0 °C
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Spawning temperature >15°C [Little courtship occur when water temperature often exceed 25°C] 15.0 °C
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Spawning period duration 4-5 4.5 weeks
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Spawning period duration 4-6 5.0 weeks
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Spawning water type Shallow tidal Pools No category
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Spawning water type Shallow tidal Pools No category
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Spawning depth Generally nest in water less than 30 cm deep 30.0 m
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Spawning depth Generally nest in water less than 30 cm deep 30.0 m
Gasterosteus aculeatus Female Absolute fecundity Mean clutch size: 0.366, range 0.116-0.838 0.477 thousand eggs
Pungitius pungitius Female Absolute fecundity Mean clutch size: 0.076, range 0.37-0.176 0.273 thousand eggs
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Spawning season Thye first nest appear in mid-May and most nest building was finished by mid-June and was extremely rare after June 30 ['May', 'June']
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Spawning season Last week of May and most nest building was finished by mid-June and was extremely rare after June 30 [Sexually mature individuals were found in the pools in early May] ['May', 'June']
Gasterosteus aculeatus Larvae Sibling intracohort cannibalism Male eat egg and fry Absent
Pungitius pungitius Larvae Sibling intracohort cannibalism Male eat egg and fry Absent
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Spawning release Multiple spawner Mutliple