Arlinghaus and Wolter, 2003



Citation


Arlinghaus, R. and Wolter, C. (2003) Amplitude of ecological potential: Chub Leuciscus cephalus (L.) spawning in an artificial lowland canal. Journal of applied ichthyology/Zeitschrift fur angewandte Ichthyologie [J. Appl. Ichthyol./Z. Angew. Ichthyol.], pp. 52-54

Associated characteristics


Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Leuciscus cephalus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravel banks BUT one population spawned on allochtonous gravel with a mean diameter of 39± 16 mm Lithophils
Leuciscus cephalus Spawning conditions Spawning water type Lotic habitat conditions, moderate to high water flow [0.15-0.75 m/s], BUT one population found spawning without any current Flowing or turbulent water
Leuciscus cephalus Spawning conditions Spawning depth Shallow waters: 0.1-0.3 m BUT one population spawned at depth up to 1.28 m 0.2 m