Lappalainen et al, 2008


Lappalainen, A. and Härmä, M. and Kuningas, S. and Urho, L. (2008) Reproduction of pike (Esox lucius) in reed belt shores of the SW coast of Finland, Baltic Sea: a nursery approach. Boreal Environment Research, pp. 370-380

Associated characteristics

Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Esox lucius Larvae Initial larval size The larvae are 8-9 mm long after hatching 8.5 mm
Esox lucius Larvae Larvae behaviour Remain attached to vegetation during the first 4-6 days. Thereafter, the larvae are 11-12 mm long, almost all of the yolk sac has been used, and they start to seek food Demersal
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning season In the northern areas, pike spawn after ice-break in the spring […] Mostly during May when water temperature reaches 10°C ['April', 'May', 'June']
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning temperature Warmed to 8-12°C […] when the water temperature reaches 10°C 10.0 °C
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning depth These reed belts extend from supra-littoral zone to a depth of usually 1-1.5 m 1.25 m
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Grasses and sedges are preferred, but other vegetation may be used. The shelter provided by vegetation is essential for the larvae and young pike […] Pike can spawn over a range of macrophyte species. However, reed belts formed by Phragmites australis are a dominant feature in sheltered shores, bays and estuaries in wide regions of the northern Baltic Sea coast, and this common habitat serves as a major spawning and larval area for pike Phytophils