Papadopol and Weinberger, 1975



Citation


Papadopol, M. and Weinberger, M. (1975) On the reproduction of Phoxinus phoxinus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Pisces : Cyprinidae) with notes on other aspects of its life history. Vest. Cesk. Spol. Zool., pp. 39-52

Associated characteristics


Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Phoxinus phoxinus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravel grounds Lithophils
Phoxinus phoxinus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 17-20 18.5 °C
Phoxinus phoxinus Spawning conditions Spawning period duration 8-10 weeks 9.0 weeks
Phoxinus phoxinus Spawning conditions Spawning water type Close to the shore of the river or brook Stagnant water
Phoxinus phoxinus Spawning conditions Spawning depth Shallow water (a few cm deep) No data
Phoxinus phoxinus Female Female sexual dimorphism The ventral side becomes intensively red Absent
Phoxinus phoxinus Male Male sexual dimorphism Before spawning, the sexual dimorphism becomes more evident, a nuptial colouration develops: the dorsal side of male becomes dark blue-blackish, the ventral slight red, small pointed white breeding tubercles occur on the upper side of head and of body Absent
Phoxinus phoxinus Egg Incubation time 6-7 [18-21°C] 6.5 days
Phoxinus phoxinus Female Relative fecundity 0.503-0.930 0.7165 thousand eggs/kg
Phoxinus phoxinus Female Age at sexual maturity 2 and in very favourable conditions 1 [Both sex] 2.0 years
Phoxinus phoxinus Egg Degree-days for incubation 100-130 [6-7 days at 18-21°C] 115.0 °C * day
Phoxinus phoxinus Egg Temperature for incubation 18-21°C 19.5 °C
Alburnus alburnus Female Oocyte development Asynchronous Asynchronous
Carassius auratus Female Oocyte development Asynchronous Asynchronous
Carassius carassius Female Oocyte development Asynchronous Asynchronous
Phoxinus phoxinus Female Oocyte development Asynchronous Asynchronous
Phoxinus phoxinus Egg Oocyte diameter 0.9-1.2 [Almost ripe eggs] 1.05 mm
Phoxinus phoxinus Female Absolute fecundity 1.35- to 5.515 for females of 47-77 mm 62.0 thousand eggs
Phoxinus phoxinus Spawning conditions Spawning season From the second half of May or the beginning of June till the second half of July or the middle of August ['August', 'May', 'July', 'June']
Phoxinus phoxinus Female Weight at sexual maturity 3.5-5.5, 6.0 [Both sex] 4.5 kg
Phoxinus phoxinus Female Length at sexual maturity 5.5-6.5 [Bot sex] 6.0 cm
Phoxinus phoxinus Male Length at sexual maturity 5.5-6.5 [Bot sex] 6.0 cm
Phoxinus phoxinus Larvae Initial larval size When hatching, the larvae have 12-13 mm total length 12.5 mm
Phoxinus phoxinus Male Weight at sexual maturity 3.5-5.5, 6.0 [Both sex] 4.5 kg
Phoxinus phoxinus Female Age at sexual maturity 2 and in very favourable conditions 1 [Both sex] 2.0 year
Phoxinus phoxinus Spawning conditions Spawning release Mutiple No category