Shadrin, 1996


Shadri, A.M. (1996) Early development of nine-spined stickleback Pungitius pungitius (Gasterosteidae) at different temperatures. Journal of Ichthyology/Voprosy Ikhtiologii, pp. 269-273

Associated characteristics

Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Pungitius pungitius Egg Incubation time 4-6.75 days [96 hours at 20°C, 162 hours at 15°C] 5.38 days
Pungitius pungitius Egg Temperature for incubation 15-20 can be considered the optimum [5° is beyond the lower limit of tolerant zone, 28-30 the upper limit] 17.5 °C
Pungitius pungitius Egg Degree-days for incubation 80-100 [96 hours at 20°C, 162 hours at 15°C] 90.0 °C * day
Pungitius pungitius Larvae Initial larval size 4.2-4.57 4.38 mm