Carmichael, 1998



Citation


No detailed citation.

Associated characteristics


Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Morone saxatilis Spawning conditions Spawning temperature About 18 18.0 °C
Morone saxatilis Spawning conditions Spawning period duration Males remained on the spawning grounds for averages of 22 and 21 days, females for 8 and 11 days 22.0 weeks
Morone saxatilis Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance The 165-km upriver migration took about a week 165.0 km
Morone saxatilis Spawning conditions Spawning migration period Migration began in mid- to late April when water temperature in the lower river reached 17-18°C ['April']
Morone saxatilis Spawning conditions Spawning season About mid-April to mid-June, peaking in mid-May ['April', 'May', 'June']