Zuromska, 1982



Citation


Zuromska, H. (1982) Conditions of natural reproduction of Coregonus albula (L.) and Coregonus lavaretus (L.). Polskie Archiwum Hydrobiologii/Polish Archives of Hydrobiology, pp. 1-28

Associated characteristics


Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Coregonus lavaretus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Bottons being hard, stony and gravelly, or gravelly and sandy, sometimes with scarce vegetation [Sometimes on plants] Ambiguous
Coregonus albula Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Often stony or gravelly bottom which is most frequently covered with Dreissentia polymorpha, sometimes covered with vegetation Ambiguous
Coregonus lavaretus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature Lower than 6 6.0 °C
Coregonus albula Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 0.4-8 is the full range, mainly 2-5 4.2 °C
Coregonus albula Spawning conditions Spawning period duration The duration of spawning does not exceed 2-3 weeks, only seldom being longer 2.5 weeks
Coregonus albula Spawning conditions Spawning water type Located at the either steep or gentle slopes of shore lines and islands, in the region of under-water wells or river mouths, and in rivers with strong current Ambiguous
Coregonus lavaretus Spawning conditions Spawning depth 0.3-1 up to 1.5 [Less than 10 m, except in very big and deep lakes] 0.65 m
Coregonus albula Spawning conditions Spawning depth 1.5-10 [Does not excced 10, except some very deep and big lakes] 5.75 m
Coregonus lavaretus Egg Degree-days for incubation 230-350 290.0 °C * day
Coregonus albula Egg Degree-days for incubation 230-354 292.0 °C * day
Coregonus lavaretus Egg Temperature for incubation 1.2-3.3 [Temperature of incubation in natural conditions] 2.25 °C
Coregonus albula Egg Temperature for incubation 1.2-3.3 [Temperature of incubation in natural conditions] 2.25 °C
Coregonus lavaretus Spawning conditions Spawning season Some in autum, and some in winter December to March ['February', 'March', 'January', 'December']