Internet, 2005



Citation


Internet. (2005) Stripped bass - Morone saxatilis (Walbaum). , pp.

Associated characteristics


Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Mating system Each female may be pursued by several males No category
Gambusia affinis Spawning conditions Mating system Male fish use a gonodopodium [modified from anal fin rays] to contact's female urogenital tract and transfer sperm. No category
Lepomis gibbosus Spawning conditions Mating system Both males and females may mate with different parterns in the same or different nests No category
Micropterus salmoides Spawning conditions Mating system During a spawning season, a female may mate with several males in different nests No category
Morone chrysops Spawning conditions Mating system Polygamous mating system with no mate selection No category
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Spawning conditions Mating system A dominante male joints the female in the redd and the two engage in the spawing act No category
Ictalurus punctatus Spawning conditions Mating system By pair Monogamy
Alosa sapidissima Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition Midnight to early morning Ambiguous
Lepomis gibbosus Spawning conditions Parental care Male guards nest, sometimes two nests until larvae are free-swimming Male parental care
Micropterus dolomieui Spawning conditions Parental care Male guards the nest during incubation and after hatching until juvenile reach about 25 mm TL, or during 1-3 weeks Male parental care
Morone chrysops Spawning conditions Parental care No parental care is given to eggs or young No category
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Spawning conditions Parental care The female buries the eggs in loose gravel and remains at the nest for about two weeks or until she dies No category
Ameiurus nebulosus Spawning conditions Parental care Eggs stick to one another and are covered by a gelatinous coating, and are guarded and aereted by one or both parents, sometimes the egg mass is put into the mouth and then ejected Biparental care
Ictalurus punctatus Spawning conditions Parental care After the spawning, males drive females away from the nest and guard eggs from predators and aerate the eggs until larvae disperse [During incubarion males may eat some eggs] No category
Alosa sapidissima Spawning conditions Spawning substrate None, but survival is apparently higher when deposited over sandy and gravel areas Ambiguous
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Aquatic vegetation, submerged tree branches, roots, leaves Phytophils
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Submerged plants, grass roots of undercut tanks, dead leaves, floating plants and logs Phytophils
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Twigs and debris, strands of algae and pieces of aquatic plants, fragments of aquatic plants, algae, and debris Phytophils
Lepomis gibbosus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravel, sand, hard clay or debris such as broken glass Ambiguous
Micropterus dolomieui Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Sandy to rocky bottom, gravel and rock rubble, rocky river and creek bed Ambiguous
Micropterus salmoides Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Mostly over gravel, but also mud, sand to mud below boulders Ambiguous
Morone chrysops Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravel or sand Ambiguous
Morone saxatilis Spawning conditions Spawning substrate No substrate No category
Oncorhynchus mykiss Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravel Lithophils
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravels to coarse gravels Lithophils
Ameiurus nebulosus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Sand, gravel, logs, rock, vegetation Ambiguous
Ictalurus punctatus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Undercut banks, under rock ledges, weedy areas, log jams, muskrat burrows Ambiguous
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Males builds a barrel-shaped nest with plant fragments and renal secretions No category
Lepomis gibbosus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Males construct nests in close proximity Nest built by male
Micropterus dolomieui Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Male constructs a nest 30-60 cm diameter in shallow water Nest built by male
Micropterus salmoides Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation The males construct a nest, usually a depression near the shore Nest built by male
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Large redds (nests) are constructed by the females Susbtrate chooser
Ameiurus nebulosus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Nests are excavated by either the female or both parents Nest built by both parents
Ictalurus punctatus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Nests are constructed by one or both parents among the crevices and holes in the rocky jetties Nest built by both parents
Alosa sapidissima Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 8-26 [Max 15-20] 17.0 °C
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 15-23 [but also 18-29.5] 19.0 °C
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 18-22 is the optimum [Peaking at 22-26, but from 15-28°] 20.0 °C
Gambusia affinis Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 15.5 up to 30 15.5 °C
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 15.8-18.5 17.15 °C
Lepomis gibbosus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 20-24 is the optimum temperature [Also 17.5-20°C] 22.0 °C
Micropterus dolomieui Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 16.1-18.3 are the optimal temperature [13-16°C] 17.2 °C
Micropterus salmoides Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 14-16 [start and up to 24°C] 15.0 °C
Morone chrysops Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 17-23 20.0 °C
Morone saxatilis Spawning conditions Spawning temperature Starts at 14-15, bulk of spawn 16-18°C 14.5 °C
Oncorhynchus mykiss Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 10-15.5 12.75 °C
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 10-15 12.5 °C
Ameiurus nebulosus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 21-25 [Temperature reaching 21°C] 23.0 °C
Ictalurus punctatus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 21-29 [But optimum around 27-28°C] 25.0 °C
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Spawning period duration Under ideal laboratory control conditions, a pair can spawn six times within an interval of 10-15 days 12.5 weeks
Alosa sapidissima Spawning conditions Spawning water type Concentrated near the shore, main channel [Freshwater, possibly brackish water] Stagnant water
Abramis brama Spawning conditions Spawning water type Weed beds No category
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning water type Creeks, ditches, ponds and reservoirs Stagnant water
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning water type Tidal and non-tidal fresh water, either in fresh water or oligohaline water (10 ppt) No category
Gambusia affinis Spawning conditions Spawning water type Variable: sluggish water, land-locked ponds, reservoirs, creeks, streams, and sloughs [Mostly in freshwater but oligohaline water] Stagnant water
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Spawning water type Shallow weedy areas [Freshwater and brackish water] No category
Lepomis gibbosus Spawning conditions Spawning water type Lakes, reservoirs, ponds and creeks Stagnant water
Micropterus dolomieui Spawning conditions Spawning water type From stream to lake, water with little current Ambiguous
Micropterus salmoides Spawning conditions Spawning water type Waters of ponds, lakes, reservoirs, soughs of the Delta, creeks and some irrigation ditches [usually nests are built in areas without current or wave action] Ambiguous
Morone chrysops Spawning conditions Spawning water type Tuburlent areas of rivers No category
Morone saxatilis Spawning conditions Spawning water type Areas with good flow and/or tidal action which provides increased agitation and aeration to the eggs and help keeps tehm in suspension No category
Oncorhynchus mykiss Spawning conditions Spawning water type Large tributaries of river system, some coastal creeks, smaller tributaries within the estuary No category
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Spawning conditions Spawning water type Past, upper reaches of River, also in some tributaries No category
Ameiurus nebulosus Spawning conditions Spawning water type Prefer shallow weedy areas of streams and lakes, most spawning probably occur in nontidal freshwater Stagnant water
Alosa sapidissima Spawning conditions Spawning depth Near the surface No data
Abramis brama Spawning conditions Spawning depth Shallow waters No data
Carassius auratus Spawning conditions Spawning depth Shallow waters No data
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning depth Shallow areas, near surface No data
Lepomis gibbosus Spawning conditions Spawning depth Large nests are built in deeper water, and small ones in periphery No data
Micropterus dolomieui Spawning conditions Spawning depth Shallow water No data
Micropterus salmoides Spawning conditions Spawning depth Shallow inshore waters No data
Morone chrysops Spawning conditions Spawning depth 0.6-2 m 1.3 m
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Spawning conditions Spawning depth Shallow riffle areas No data
Morone chrysops Female Female sexual dimorphism Urinary and genital pores are seperated in females Present
Gasterosteus aculeatus Male Male sexual dimorphism Male exhibits breeding color at ca. 12°C and retain their color for a month after spawning season: brilliant, dark green and orange-red spawning coloration Absent
Lepomis gibbosus Male Male sexual dimorphism Brilliant green to organe-red spawning coloration of males Absent
Morone chrysops Male Male sexual dimorphism Urinary and genital pores are united in males Absent
Ictalurus punctatus Male Male sexual dimorphism Male assumes a darker body coloration with thick lips Present
Alosa sapidissima Egg Egg adhesiveness Initially adhesive or slightly adhesive and then non-adhesive Non-Adhesive
Carassius auratus Egg Egg adhesiveness Adhesive Adhesive
Cyprinus carpio Egg Egg adhesiveness Highly adhesive throughout incubation period Adhesive
Gambusia affinis Egg Egg adhesiveness Chorion filaments are adhesive Adhesive
Gasterosteus aculeatus Egg Egg adhesiveness Highly adhesive to each other but not to substrates Adhesive
Lepomis gibbosus Egg Egg adhesiveness Adhesive [Attached to the substrate] Adhesive
Micropterus dolomieui Egg Egg adhesiveness Adhesive initially after fertilization, attach to rocky surfaces in the nest Adhesive
Micropterus salmoides Egg Egg adhesiveness Adhesive, attached to stones, sitcky when first deposited, lose their adhesiveness after water hardening Adhesive
Morone chrysops Egg Egg adhesiveness Adhesive Adhesive
Morone saxatilis Egg Egg adhesiveness Non-adhesive Non-Adhesive
Oncorhynchus mykiss Egg Egg adhesiveness None, adhesive during water hardening process Adhesive
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Egg Egg adhesiveness Non-adhesive, adhesive during water hardening Non-Adhesive
Ameiurus nebulosus Egg Egg adhesiveness Adhesive Adhesive
Ictalurus punctatus Egg Egg adhesiveness Very adhesive Adhesive
Alosa sapidissima Egg Incubation time 8-12 [11-15°C] or 17 [12°C] 10.0 days
Carassius auratus Egg Incubation time 5 [20°C], 3-4 [20-27.5°C] 3.5 days
Cyprinus carpio Egg Incubation time 3-5 at 20°C 4.0 days
Gambusia affinis Egg Incubation time The gestation period is 21-28 days 24.5 days
Gasterosteus aculeatus Egg Incubation time 7 7.0 days
Lepomis gibbosus Egg Incubation time 3 [At 28°C] 3.0 days
Micropterus dolomieui Egg Incubation time 2.5 [25.6], 10 [12.8] 2.5 days
Micropterus salmoides Egg Incubation time 2 [22°C], 5 [18.9°C] 2.0 days
Morone chrysops Egg Incubation time 4.5 [14°C], 3-4 [16°C] but 1 day at 26°C 3.5 days
Morone saxatilis Egg Incubation time 2 days at 17-18°C 17.5 days
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Egg Incubation time 50-55 at 10-12.5°C 52.5 days
Ameiurus nebulosus Egg Incubation time 5 [At 25°C], 6-9 [20.6-23.3] 7.5 days
Ictalurus punctatus Egg Incubation time 7-10 [At 24-26°C], 6 [At 24°C] 8.5 days
Abramis brama Female Relative fecundity 30-40 35.0 thousand eggs/kg
Alosa sapidissima Female Age at sexual maturity 3-5 4.0 years
Carassius auratus Female Age at sexual maturity 2 2.0 years
Lepomis gibbosus Female Age at sexual maturity 2-3 [Sex not specified] 2.5 years
Micropterus dolomieui Female Age at sexual maturity 2-4 [Sex not specified] 3.0 years
Morone chrysops Female Age at sexual maturity 3 [But sometimes at 1-2] 1.5 years
Alosa sapidissima Egg Degree-days for incubation About 120-150 135.0 °C * day
Carassius auratus Egg Degree-days for incubation 80-100 90.0 °C * day
Cyprinus carpio Egg Degree-days for incubation 60-90 75.0 °C * day
Gasterosteus aculeatus Egg Degree-days for incubation 125-140 [7 days at 18-20°C] 132.5 °C * day
Lepomis gibbosus Egg Degree-days for incubation 84, i.e. 3 days at 28°C 84.0 °C * day
Micropterus dolomieui Egg Degree-days for incubation 60 up to 120 60.0 °C * day
Morone chrysops Egg Degree-days for incubation 50-80 65.0 °C * day
Morone saxatilis Egg Degree-days for incubation 40 [2 days at 17-18°C] 17.5 °C * day
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Egg Degree-days for incubation 550 550.0 °C * day
Ameiurus nebulosus Egg Degree-days for incubation About 125-180 152.5 °C * day
Ictalurus punctatus Egg Degree-days for incubation About 150 150.0 °C * day
Alosa sapidissima Egg Temperature for incubation 11-15 13.0 °C
Carassius auratus Egg Temperature for incubation 20-27.5 23.75 °C
Gasterosteus aculeatus Egg Temperature for incubation 18-20 19.0 °C
Lepomis gibbosus Egg Temperature for incubation 28 28.0 °C
Micropterus dolomieui Egg Temperature for incubation 12.8-25.6 [Not specified the optimum] 19.2 °C
Morone chrysops Egg Temperature for incubation 14-26 20.0 °C
Morone saxatilis Egg Temperature for incubation 17-18 17.5 °C
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Egg Temperature for incubation Survive best at temperature less than 14 14.0 °C
Ameiurus nebulosus Egg Temperature for incubation 20-25 22.5 °C
Ictalurus punctatus Egg Temperature for incubation 24-26 25.0 °C
Alosa sapidissima Egg Egg size after water-hardening 2.5-3.8 3.15 mm
Micropterus dolomieui Egg Egg size after water-hardening 2.0 [Ferlitized eggs] 2.0 mm
Morone saxatilis Egg Egg size after water-hardening Mean 3.3, or range 3.4-4.2 3.8 mm
Ameiurus nebulosus Egg Egg size after water-hardening Fertilized eggs about 3.0 mm 3.0 mm
Alosa sapidissima Egg Egg Buoyancy Demersal, semi-demersal or slightly heavier than fresh water, suspended by water-current [a moderate current (about 1 meter per second or less) will keep eggs floating] Ambiguous
Carassius auratus Egg Egg Buoyancy Demersal Demersal
Cyprinus carpio Egg Egg Buoyancy Demersal Demersal
Gambusia affinis Egg Egg Buoyancy Demersal [but embedded in the ovary] Demersal
Gasterosteus aculeatus Egg Egg Buoyancy Demersal Demersal
Lepomis gibbosus Egg Egg Buoyancy Demersal Demersal
Micropterus dolomieui Egg Egg Buoyancy Demersal Demersal
Micropterus salmoides Egg Egg Buoyancy Dermersal Demersal
Morone chrysops Egg Egg Buoyancy Demersal Demersal
Morone saxatilis Egg Egg Buoyancy Slightly heavier than freswater, suspended near bottom, planktonic Pelagic
Oncorhynchus mykiss Egg Egg Buoyancy Demersal Demersal
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Egg Egg Buoyancy Demersal Demersal
Ameiurus nebulosus Egg Egg Buoyancy Demersal Demersal
Ictalurus punctatus Egg Egg Buoyancy Demersal Demersal
Alosa sapidissima Spawning conditions Spawning migration period Shad begin to enter the estuary as early as fall, the spawning runs occur in March ['March']
Abramis brama Egg Oocyte diameter 1.6-2 [Not precised] 1.8 mm
Carassius auratus Egg Oocyte diameter 1.0-1.7 1.35 mm
Cyprinus carpio Egg Oocyte diameter 1.5-2.1 but as small as 1.0 [Not specified if swollen] 1.8 mm
Gambusia affinis Egg Oocyte diameter 1.8-2.1 but also 2.4-2.8 [Not specified] 1.95 mm
Gasterosteus aculeatus Egg Oocyte diameter 1.7-1.9 1.8 mm
Lepomis gibbosus Egg Oocyte diameter 0.8-1.2 1.0 mm
Micropterus dolomieui Egg Oocyte diameter 1.2-2.5 [Unfertlized egg] 1.85 mm
Micropterus salmoides Egg Oocyte diameter 1.5-1.7 and 1.63-1.71 1.6 mm
Morone chrysops Egg Oocyte diameter 0.81 0.81 mm
Oncorhynchus mykiss Egg Oocyte diameter 4.6-6.2 [3-5] 5.4 mm
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Egg Oocyte diameter 6.0-8.5 7.25 mm
Ameiurus nebulosus Egg Oocyte diameter 3.0-3.4 for unfertilized egg 3.2 mm
Ictalurus punctatus Egg Oocyte diameter 3.3-4 3.65 mm
Alosa sapidissima Female Absolute fecundity 155-410 or 2.150 or 30-300 282.5 thousand eggs
Carassius auratus Female Absolute fecundity Mean 14 [2 to 400] 14.0 thousand eggs
Cyprinus carpio Female Absolute fecundity 36-2208 1122.0 thousand eggs
Pseudorasbora parva Female Absolute fecundity Fecundity is about 5000 ellipitical eggs 5000.0 thousand eggs
Lepomis gibbosus Female Absolute fecundity 0.6 - 2.9 [For females of 2-5 years] 4.45 thousand eggs
Micropterus dolomieui Female Absolute fecundity 2-21 11.5 thousand eggs