Coad, 2006



Citation


No detailed citation.

Associated characteristics


Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Oncorhynchus keta Spawning conditions Mating system Since a male will spawn with several females, early male arrival on the spawning grounds may promote successful fertilisation No category
Oncorhynchus mykiss Spawning conditions Mating system The spawning act last 5-8 s with the pair parallel in the redd pressed together, both fish gape, arch and vibrate [Other males may shade sperm] No category
Salvelinus fontinalis Spawning conditions Mating system By pair, but both sex may spawn again with other fish Monogamy
Oncorhynchus mykiss Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition Most spawning takes place in the morning and evening and nest may be adandonned the day Day
Coregonus lavaretus Spawning conditions Parental care No protection No care
Oncorhynchus mykiss Spawning conditions Parental care Nest may be adandonned the day No category
Cobitis taenia Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Sand, stones and vegetation Ambiguous
Alburnus alburnus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Over a hard bottom No category
Coregonus lavaretus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Graves, but also over sand or even mud Psammophils
Salvelinus fontinalis Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Usually gravelly streams Lithophils
Oncorhynchus keta Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Females excavate a redd by lying on their sides and lashing the tail [in some cases no redd is excavated and eggs are shed over and between boulders] Susbtrate chooser
Oncorhynchus mykiss Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation A female excavates a redd by lying on her side and thrashing her tail Susbtrate chooser
Stenodus leucichthys Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation The eggs are shed on the river bottom No category
Alburnus alburnus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature About 15-16°C or more 15.5 °C
Oncorhynchus mykiss Spawning conditions Spawning temperature Usually exceeds 10, but may be 5-13°C 9.0 °C
Stenodus leucichthys Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 0.2-6°C 3.1 °C
Alburnus alburnus Spawning conditions Spawning period duration Spawning takes place in 3-6 stages at intervals of 9-11 days 4.5 weeks
Salvelinus fontinalis Spawning conditions Spawning period duration Males arrive on the spawning ground first and defend a territory No data
Stenodus leucichthys Spawning conditions Spawning period duration 6-8 [Spawning takes place in October and November] 7.0 weeks
Cobitis taenia Spawning conditions Spawning water type Slow to still water Stagnant water
Salmo trutta fario Spawning conditions Spawning water type Riffles od sand and gravel beds No category
Salvelinus fontinalis Spawning conditions Spawning water type Streams No category
Alburnus alburnus Spawning conditions Spawning depth Shallow waters No data
Coregonus lavaretus Spawning conditions Spawning depth Summer spawning takes place in deeper water than winter spawning No data
Cobitis taenia Male Male sexual dimorphism The second ray of male pectoral fin is thickened and there is an enlarged scale at the base (Canestrini scale) Absent
Alburnus alburnus Male Male sexual dimorphism Tubercles line the edge of each scale and in single file line the rays of all fins. Fine tubercles cover the whole head Absent
Coregonus lavaretus Male Male sexual dimorphism May bear rows of elongate tubercules on the scales Absent
Oncorhynchus keta Male Male sexual dimorphism Breeding males develop hooked jaws and large teeth and a slight hump in front of the dorsal fin Absent
Oncorhynchus mykiss Male Male sexual dimorphism Breeding males have an elongated snout, the lower jaw is hooked and the roof of the mouth is white Present
Salmo trutta fario Male Male sexual dimorphism Weak [See for details] Absent
Salvelinus fontinalis Male Male sexual dimorphism Spawning males develop a hooked lower jaw or kype Present
Stenodus leucichthys Male Male sexual dimorphism Males develop tubercles on the head and sides of the abdomen during spawning Absent
Alburnus alburnus Egg Egg adhesiveness The eggs adhere to stones, branches or vegetation Adhesive
Coregonus lavaretus Egg Egg adhesiveness Slightly adhesive [Stick to gravel] Adhesive
Stenodus leucichthys Egg Egg adhesiveness Slightly adhesive Adhesive
Alburnus alburnus Egg Incubation time About one week No data
Coregonus lavaretus Egg Incubation time 90-100 95.0 days
Oncorhynchus mykiss Egg Incubation time About 8 weeks 8.0 days
Salvelinus fontinalis Egg Incubation time 47 [10°C] to 165 [2.8°C] 47.0 days
Stenodus leucichthys Egg Incubation time 180-200 190.0 days
Salmo trutta fario Female Relative fecundity About 1.5 1.5 thousand eggs/kg
Coregonus lavaretus Egg Temperature for incubation Optimum temperature of 6°C or less 6.0 °C
Salvelinus fontinalis Egg Temperature for incubation 2.8-10 [Temperatures above 11°C will kill the eggs] 6.4 °C
Coregonus lavaretus Egg Egg size after water-hardening 2-3 [Not specified] 2.5 mm
Oncorhynchus keta Egg Egg size after water-hardening Up to 7.8 (perhaps 9.6 when fertilized) 7.8 mm
Salmo trutta fario Egg Egg size after water-hardening 6.1 [Maximum egg diameter] 6.1 mm
Coregonus lavaretus Spawning conditions Spawning migration period There is a spawning migration which may occur in summer but more usually peaks in autumn ['September', 'August', 'December', 'July', 'October', 'November']
Oncorhynchus keta Spawning conditions Spawning migration period Spanwing runs in some Soviet streams were recorded from the first half of September to the end of October, the same periods as in the native habitat ['October', 'September']
Salvelinus fontinalis Spawning conditions Spawning migration period Enter their natal stream in spring and summer even though spawning occur in fall ['April', 'May', 'September', 'August', 'June', 'July']
Cobitis taenia Egg Oocyte diameter Can reach 1.58 [Not specified] 1.58 mm
Alburnus alburnus Egg Oocyte diameter 1.1-1.4 [Not specified] 1.25 mm
Salvelinus fontinalis Egg Oocyte diameter 5 [Not specified] 5.0 mm
Stenodus leucichthys Egg Oocyte diameter Up to 2.4 [Not specified] 2.4 mm
Cobitis taenia Female Absolute fecundity 5.072, up to 10 5.072 thousand eggs
Alburnus alburnus Female Absolute fecundity Up to 10 10.0 thousand eggs
Coregonus lavaretus Female Absolute fecundity 82.250 82.25 thousand eggs
Oncorhynchus keta Female Absolute fecundity 2.739 for female of 3+ 2.739 thousand eggs
Oncorhynchus mykiss Female Absolute fecundity Up to 12.749 12.749 thousand eggs
Salmo trutta fario Female Absolute fecundity Up to 13.648 13.648 thousand eggs
Cobitis taenia Spawning conditions Spawning season April-June ['April', 'May', 'June']
Alburnus alburnus Spawning conditions Spawning season Spawning in Europe takes place from May to July ['May', 'July']
Coregonus lavaretus Spawning conditions Spawning season Spawning takes place in summer, autumn or winter ['March', 'January', 'September', 'August', 'December', 'July', 'February', 'October', 'November']
Oncorhynchus mykiss Spawning conditions Spawning season Spawning takes place from March to August but is usually in spring [North America Great Lakes fish spawn from late December to late April] ['April', 'March', 'May', 'August', 'December', 'June']
Salvelinus fontinalis Spawning conditions Spawning season Spawning in Nort America takes place from August to December ['August', 'December']
Stenodus leucichthys Spawning conditions Spawning season Spawning takes place in October and November ['October', 'November']
Salvelinus fontinalis Spawning conditions Homing Enter their natal stream in spring and summer even though spawning occur in fall Present
Cobitis taenia Spawning conditions Spawning release Several batches Mutliple
Oncorhynchus keta Spawning conditions Spawning release Females may excavate more than one redd and males may spawn with more than one female No category
Oncorhynchus keta Spawning conditions Parity The adult fish die after spawning and may live only a week after first entering fresh water Semelparous
Oncorhynchus mykiss Spawning conditions Parity Repeat spawning can occur for up to 5 years Iteroparous
Stenodus leucichthys Spawning conditions Parity Spawning occur only once or twice in the life cycle of most fish although exceptional famesl may spawn 3 times [spawning occur at intervals of 2-3 years] No category