Frost and Kipling, 1967



Citation


Frost, W.E. and Kipling, C. (1967) A study of reproduction, early life, weight-length relationship and growth of pike, Esox lucius L., in Windermere. Journal of Animal Ecology, pp. 651-693

Associated characteristics


Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Submerged aquatic plants Phytophils
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 6 and over, between 6-8 7.0 °C
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning period duration 2-4 [Males arrive earlier than females-Male can remain up to 38 days on spawning ground and female 27] 3.0 weeks
Esox lucius Egg Egg adhesiveness Sticky Adhesive
Esox lucius Female Age at sexual maturity 2 [Sex specified, but rarely 1] 2.0 years
Esox lucius Egg Temperature for incubation 6.6-12.5 [Natural conditions] 9.55 °C
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Quite short No data
Esox lucius Egg Egg size after water-hardening 2.6-2.9 [Fertilized egg 3 hours after fertilization] 2.75 mm
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning migration period Individual spawner may arrive on the breeding ground some considerable time before it actuall spawns ['May']
Esox lucius Egg Oocyte diameter 2.2-2.5 [Unfertilized egg] 2.35 mm
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning season February-April ['February', 'April', 'March']
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Homing "Kind of ""homing"" in a sense of returning repeatedly to spawn in the same place" Present
Esox lucius Female Length at sexual maturity 31.0-49.8 [Sex specified, rarely 27.0] 40.4 cm
Esox lucius Male Length at sexual maturity 27.5-48.0 [Sex specified, rarely at 24.7] 37.75 cm
Esox lucius Larvae Initial larval size 7.5-8.2 7.85 mm
Esox lucius Larvae Larvae behaviour Many were attached to any available surface, usually vertical for 4-6 days, then are free Demersal
Esox lucius Female Age at sexual maturity 2 [Sex specified, rarely 1] 2.0 year