Bieniarz et al, 1979


Bieniarz, K. and Epler, P. and Thuyl., L.N. and Kogut, E. (1979) Changes in the ovary of adult carp. Aquaculture, pp. 45-68

Associated characteristics

Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Cyprinus carpio Egg Oocyte diameter Most mature carp ovaries contained oocytes : 1.0-1.2 mm diameter 1.1 mm
Cyprinus carpio Female Age at sexual maturity Under the climatic conditions in Poland, female carp reach sexual maturity at the age of 4-5 years 4.5 year
Cyprinus carpio Female Weight at sexual maturity Females of 5 years, 3-4 kg were used 3.5 kg
Cyprinus carpio Female Resting period Post-spawning period: June-August 3.0 months
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning temperature Begins when water temperature reaches 18°C, although cases are reported of females spawning at lower temperature e.g., 14°C 18.0 °C