Mills and Reynolds, 2002



Citation


Mills, S.C and Reynolds, J.D. (2002) Host species preference by bitterling, Rhodeus sericeus, spawning in freshwater mussels and consequences for offspring survival. Anim Behav., pp. 1029-1036

Associated characteristics


Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Rhodeus sericeus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Obligate spawning relationship between a species of freshwater fish, the bitterling, and four species of freshwater mussels [The mussels were collected along the silt bottoms near to the banks] Ambiguous
Rhodeus sericeus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 22 [Rerared conditions] 22.0 °C
Rhodeus sericeus Spawning conditions Spawning water type In tributary of the river, near to banks No category
Rhodeus sericeus Female Female sexual dimorphism Females use their long ovipositors to force eggs throught the exhalant siphon into the gills of the museel host Absent
Rhodeus sericeus Larvae Full yolk-sac resorption Mussels incubate the eggs for 2-4 weeks, until the yolk is absorbed when the young bitterling swim out the exhalant siphon of the living mussel] 3.0 °C * day