Opuszynski et al, 1985


Opuszynski, K. and Shireman, J.V. and Aldridge, F.J. and Rottmann, R. (1985) Intensive culture of grass carp and hybrid carp larvae. J. Fish. Biol., pp. 563-573

Associated characteristics

Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Ctenopharyngodon idella Larvae Temperature during larval development During the grass carp experiments, water temperature averaged 27.7°C in the outdoor facilities and about 2°C lower in the indoor tanks [Also reared in other studies at 23-25°C; 21°C, 24°C and 28.1°C; final lethal temperature of 39.7°C] 24.0 °C