Environment agency, 1996



Citation


No detailed citation.

Associated characteristics


Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Parental care Males protect brood No category
Sander lucioperca Spawning conditions Parental care Males guard eggs Male parental care
Cottus gobio Spawning conditions Parental care Eggs under stones protected by male Male parental care
Barbatula barbatula Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Coarse gravel, stones Lithophils
Blicca bjoerkna Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Weed Phytophils
Abramis brama Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Dense weed, rarely on gravel Ambiguous
Alburnus alburnus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Fine gravel and adjacent weed Ambiguous
Barbus barbus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravel, typically 10-40 mm diameter Lithophils
Carassius carassius Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Dense marginal weed Phytophils
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Dense weed, bulrushes Phytophils
Gobio gobio Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravel, typically 10-20 mm Lithophils
Leuciscus cephalus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravel, typically 20-40 mm diameter Lithophils
Leuciscus leuciscus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravel, typically 10-40 mm diameter Lithophils
Phoxinus phoxinus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravel and weed Ambiguous
Rutilus rutilus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Dense weed, occasionally gravel Ambiguous
Scardinius erythrophthalmus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Weed Phytophils
Tinca tinca Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Dense weed Phytophils
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Dense weed Phytophils
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Weed Phytophils
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Weed Phytophils
Gymnocephalus cernuus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Stones and weed Ambiguous
Perca fluviatilis Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Dense submerged weed Phytophils
Sander lucioperca Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Nest at base of weed beds Phytophils
Thymallus thymallus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate On gravel Lithophils
Cottus gobio Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Eggs under stones Lithophils
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Form nest No category
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Male builds nest Nest built by male
Sander lucioperca Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Nest No category
Blicca bjoerkna Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 16-25 20.5 °C
Abramis brama Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 12-20 16.0 °C
Barbus barbus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 14-20 17.0 °C
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 16-22 19.0 °C
Gobio gobio Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 17 and more 17.0 °C
Leuciscus cephalus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 18-20 19.0 °C
Leuciscus leuciscus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 9-10 9.5 °C
Rutilus rutilus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 8-14 11.0 °C
Scardinius erythrophthalmus Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 14-20 17.0 °C
Tinca tinca Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 20-24 22.0 °C
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning temperature Rise in temperature 6-10°C 8.0 °C
Perca fluviatilis Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 8.5-13.5 11.0 °C
Sander lucioperca Spawning conditions Spawning temperature 8-12 10.0 °C
Alburnus alburnus Spawning conditions Spawning period duration 15 or more 15.0 weeks
Tinca tinca Spawning conditions Spawning water type Low or no flow No category
Blicca bjoerkna Spawning conditions Spawning depth 0.5-1 m deep 0.75 m
Scardinius erythrophthalmus Spawning conditions Spawning depth 0.1-0.9 m deep 0.5 m
Tinca tinca Spawning conditions Spawning depth Shallow water No data
Gymnocephalus cernuus Spawning conditions Spawning depth Shallow water No data
Abramis brama Female Relative fecundity 150-300 225.0 thousand eggs/kg
Alburnus alburnus Female Relative fecundity 90-150 120.0 thousand eggs/kg
Barbus barbus Female Relative fecundity 8-12 10.0 thousand eggs/kg
Cyprinus carpio Female Relative fecundity 100-200 150.0 thousand eggs/kg
Scardinius erythrophthalmus Female Relative fecundity 100-200 150.0 thousand eggs/kg
Tinca tinca Female Relative fecundity 300-400 350.0 thousand eggs/kg
Esox lucius Female Relative fecundity 15-30 22.5 thousand eggs/kg
Sander lucioperca Female Relative fecundity 135-200 167.5 thousand eggs/kg
Barbatula barbatula Female Age at sexual maturity 2-3 [No specified] 2.5 years
Blicca bjoerkna Female Age at sexual maturity 3-4 [Male] 3.5 years
Abramis brama Female Age at sexual maturity 4-6 [Not specified] 5.0 years
Alburnus alburnus Female Age at sexual maturity 2+ [Male] 2.0 years
Barbus barbus Female Age at sexual maturity 3-4 3.5 years
Carassius carassius Female Age at sexual maturity 3-4 [Not specified] 3.5 years
Gobio gobio Female Age at sexual maturity 3-4 [Males] 3.5 years
Leuciscus leuciscus Female Age at sexual maturity 3-4 [Not specified] 3.5 years
Phoxinus phoxinus Female Age at sexual maturity 2-3 [Not specified] 2.5 years
Rutilus rutilus Female Age at sexual maturity 2-4 [Males] 3.0 years
Scardinius erythrophthalmus Female Age at sexual maturity 3-4 [Not specified] 3.5 years
Tinca tinca Female Age at sexual maturity 3-5 Not specified] 4.0 years
Esox lucius Female Age at sexual maturity 2-3 [Both males and females] 2.5 years
Gasterosteus aculeatus Female Age at sexual maturity 2 [Not specified] 2.0 years
Pungitius pungitius Female Age at sexual maturity 1 [Not specified] 1.0 years
Gymnocephalus cernuus Female Age at sexual maturity 2 [Not specified] 2.0 years
Perca fluviatilis Female Age at sexual maturity 2-4 [Male] 3.0 years
Sander lucioperca Female Age at sexual maturity 3-4 [Not specified] 3.5 years
Thymallus thymallus Female Age at sexual maturity 3-4 [Not specified] 3.5 years
Cottus gobio Female Age at sexual maturity 2 [Not specified] 2.0 years
Barbatula barbatula Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Limited home range No data
Blicca bjoerkna Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Limited home range, localised spawning No data
Abramis brama Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Localised migrations to spawning areas No data
Alburnus alburnus Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Spawning migration present No data
Barbus barbus Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Home range 2-20 km 11.0 km
Carassius carassius Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Localised spawning migrations No data
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Localised spawning migrations No data
Gobio gobio Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Limited home range No data
Leuciscus cephalus Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Home range 4km, localised spawning 4.0 km
Leuciscus leuciscus Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Large home range No data
Phoxinus phoxinus Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Localised spawning migrations No data
Rutilus rutilus Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Limited home range, spawning migrations No data
Scardinius erythrophthalmus Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Limited home range, move to deeper water in autumn No data
Tinca tinca Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Limited home range, localised spawning No data
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Seasonal spawning migrations up to 10 km 10.0 km
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Limited home range No data
Gymnocephalus cernuus Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Limited home range No data
Perca fluviatilis Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Can migrate large distances No data
Sander lucioperca Spawning conditions Spawning migration distance Limited home range around 1 km 1.0 km
Barbatula barbatula Female Absolute fecundity 500-800 eggs 650.0 thousand eggs
Carassius carassius Female Absolute fecundity 100-250 per females 175.0 thousand eggs
Gobio gobio Female Absolute fecundity 2.5-6.5 4.5 thousand eggs
Leuciscus leuciscus Female Absolute fecundity 6.5-9.5 eggs for 20 cm females 8.0 thousand eggs
Phoxinus phoxinus Female Absolute fecundity 0.2-1 per female 0.6 thousand eggs
Rutilus rutilus Female Absolute fecundity 1-15 8.0 thousand eggs
Gasterosteus aculeatus Female Absolute fecundity 0.090-0.450 0.27 thousand eggs
Gymnocephalus cernuus Female Absolute fecundity 4-100 52.0 thousand eggs
Perca fluviatilis Female Absolute fecundity 10-200 per female 105.0 thousand eggs
Thymallus thymallus Female Absolute fecundity 10 in large females 10.0 thousand eggs
Cottus gobio Female Absolute fecundity 100 eggs per female 100.0 thousand eggs
Barbatula barbatula Spawning conditions Spawning season April-May ['April', 'May']
Blicca bjoerkna Spawning conditions Spawning season May-June ['May', 'June']
Abramis brama Spawning conditions Spawning season May-June ['May', 'June']
Alburnus alburnus Spawning conditions Spawning season April-July ['April', 'May', 'July', 'June']
Barbus barbus Spawning conditions Spawning season May-July ['May', 'July', 'June']
Carassius carassius Spawning conditions Spawning season May-June ['May', 'June']
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning season May-July ['May', 'July', 'June']
Gobio gobio Spawning conditions Spawning season April-August ['April', 'May', 'August', 'June', 'July']
Leuciscus cephalus Spawning conditions Spawning season May-July ['May', 'July', 'June']
Leuciscus leuciscus Spawning conditions Spawning season March-April ['April', 'March']
Phoxinus phoxinus Spawning conditions Spawning season Mainly June-July ['June', 'July']
Rutilus rutilus Spawning conditions Spawning season April to early July ['April', 'July']
Scardinius erythrophthalmus Spawning conditions Spawning season May-July ['May', 'July', 'June']
Tinca tinca Spawning conditions Spawning season May-August ['August', 'May', 'July', 'June']
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning season March-May ['April', 'March', 'May']
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Spawning season March-June ['April', 'March', 'May', 'June']
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Spawning season April-July ['April', 'May', 'July', 'June']
Gymnocephalus cernuus Spawning conditions Spawning season March-May ['April', 'March', 'May']
Perca fluviatilis Spawning conditions Spawning season April-May ['April', 'May']
Sander lucioperca Spawning conditions Spawning season April-June ['April', 'May', 'June']
Thymallus thymallus Spawning conditions Spawning season March-May ['April', 'March', 'May']
Cottus gobio Spawning conditions Spawning season March-May ['April', 'March', 'May']
Barbatula barbatula Female Age at sexual maturity 2-3 [No specified] 2.5 year
Blicca bjoerkna Female Age at sexual maturity 4-5 [Female] 4.5 year
Abramis brama Female Age at sexual maturity 4-6 [Not specified] 5.0 year
Alburnus alburnus Female Age at sexual maturity 3+ [females] 3.0 year
Barbus barbus Female Age at sexual maturity 5-8 [Female] 6.5 year
Carassius carassius Female Age at sexual maturity 3-4 [Not specified] 3.5 year
Cyprinus carpio Female Age at sexual maturity 4-5 [Females] 4.5 year
Gobio gobio Female Age at sexual maturity 2-3 [Not specified] 2.5 year
Leuciscus leuciscus Female Age at sexual maturity 3-4 [Not specified] 3.5 year
Phoxinus phoxinus Female Age at sexual maturity 2-3 [Not specified] 2.5 year
Rutilus rutilus Female Age at sexual maturity 3-5 [Females] 4.0 year
Scardinius erythrophthalmus Female Age at sexual maturity 3-4 [Not specified] 3.5 year
Tinca tinca Female Age at sexual maturity 3-5 [Not specified] 4.0 year
Esox lucius Female Age at sexual maturity 2-3 [Both males and females] 2.5 year
Gasterosteus aculeatus Female Age at sexual maturity 1-2 [Not specified] 1.5 year
Pungitius pungitius Female Age at sexual maturity 1 [Not specified] 1.0 year
Gymnocephalus cernuus Female Age at sexual maturity 2 [Not specified] 2.0 year
Perca fluviatilis Female Age at sexual maturity 4-6 [Female] 5.0 year
Sander lucioperca Female Age at sexual maturity 3-4 [Not specified] 3.5 year
Thymallus thymallus Female Age at sexual maturity 3-4 [Not specified] 3.5 year
Cottus gobio Female Age at sexual maturity 2 [Not specified] 2.0 year
Blicca bjoerkna Spawning conditions Spawning release Multiple spawning Mutliple
Alburnus alburnus Spawning conditions Spawning release Multiple spawning Mutliple
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning release Multiple spawning Mutliple
Leuciscus cephalus Spawning conditions Spawning release Multiple spawning Mutliple
Leuciscus leuciscus Spawning conditions Spawning release Single spawning Total
Phoxinus phoxinus Spawning conditions Spawning release Multiple spawning Mutliple
Cottus gobio Spawning conditions Spawning release Multiple broods Mutliple