Fishbase, 2006



Citation


No detailed citation.

Associated characteristics


Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Alosa sapidissima Spawning conditions Mating system The fish pair and swim close together, releasing egg and milt No category
Blicca bjoerkna Spawning conditions Mating system Exhibits polyandry, with courting tactics developped by males Polyandry
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Mating system Polygamous: a female is usually followed by several males No category
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Mating system The sexes pair and a larger female is usually attended by one or two smaller males No category
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Mating system By pair, one male and and one female, but both male and female may mate with more than once with different partners Monogamy
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Mating system More than one female may deposit eggs in the nest No category
Lepomis gibbosus Spawning conditions Mating system Male prepares the nest for another spawning with the same or different females No category
Micropterus dolomieui Spawning conditions Mating system By pair. After spawning, the female leaves the nest and may spawn with another male in another nest Monogamy
Dicentrarchus labrax Spawning conditions Mating system Spawns in group Promiscuity
Perca fluviatilis Spawning conditions Mating system Polyandry, one female and one or two males Polyandry
Sander vitreus Spawning conditions Mating system Occurs in small groups: a larger female and two smaller adults or two females and up to six males Promiscuity
Coregonus clupeaformis Spawning conditions Mating system A female and one or more males rise to the surface, release eggs and milt and descend separately toward the bottom No category
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha Spawning conditions Mating system In some cases, several males spawn with a single female No category
Oncorhynchus keta Spawning conditions Mating system Males are very aggressive and may spawn with different females, females likewise may spawn with other males and therefore builds different nests No category
Oncorhynchus kisutch Spawning conditions Mating system The pair are side by side, the whole process is repeated for several days until the female deposists all her eggs [The male then leaves and may seek another female] No category
Oncorhynchus mykiss Spawning conditions Mating system By pair are side by side Monogamy
Oncorhynchus nerka Spawning conditions Mating system By pair, a female may spawn with several dominant males, a male may breed with different females Monogamy
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Spawning conditions Mating system One female with a dominant male, sometimes with smaller males No category
Salmo salar Spawning conditions Mating system By pair, one male and one female Ambiguous
Salvelinus alpinus Spawning conditions Mating system By pair, but males often mate with more than one female and sometimes a female will mate successively with two or more males Monogamy
Salvelinus fontinalis Spawning conditions Mating system When the redd is completed, the pair entered the nest and deposit eggs and milt, once the eggs are completely covered, she moves to the upstream end of the redd and begins digging a new redd No category
Salvelinus namaycush Spawning conditions Mating system By pair, on occassion as many as seven males and three females may engage in a mass spawning act Monogamy
Stenodus leucichthys Spawning conditions Mating system A female accompanied by a male swims to the surface near the upstream end of the spawning ground [Female may repeat the spawning act over the downstream portion of the spawning area or may move upstream to the head of the grounds before releaseing more eggs] No category
Thymallus arcticus Spawning conditions Mating system By pair, but male mate several times Monogamy
Ameiurus nebulosus Spawning conditions Mating system By pair, one male and one female Ambiguous
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition Genrally spawning occurs during the day Day
Sander vitreus Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition Deposition of eggs usually occurs in a single night Night
Coregonus lavaretus Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition Spawning takes place at night Night
Coregonus clupeaformis Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition Spawning occurs at night Night
Salvelinus alpinus Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition Spawning takes place at almost any time of the day Day
Salvelinus namaycush Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition The spawning act occurs mostly at night, with peak spawning between dusk and 9 or 10 pm Ambiguous
Stenodus leucichthys Spawning conditions Nycthemeral period of oviposition Spawning begins at dusk, and continuing well into the night Ambiguous
Anguilla anguilla Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Alosa sapidissima Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders No care
Aphanius iberus Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Valencia hispanica Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Barbatula barbatula Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Cobitis taenia Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Blicca bjoerkna Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Aristichthys nobilis Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Barbus barbus Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Carassius carassius Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Ctenopharyngodon idella Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders No care
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Gobio gobio Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarder No care
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Leuciscus idus Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders No care
Leuciscus leuciscus Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders No care
Mylopharyngodon piceus Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders No care
Phoxinus phoxinus Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders No care
Pimephales promelas Spawning conditions Parental care Guarders No category
Pseudorasbora parva Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders, brood hiders, the male leaves the nest before the eggs hatch No care
Rhodeus sericeus Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders, brood hiders [The male keeps the eggs and alevins until they leave the refuge] No care
Rutilus rutilus Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders No care
Scardinius erythrophthalmus Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders No care
Tinca tinca Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Vimba vimba Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Gambusia affinis Spawning conditions Parental care Bearers, internal live bearers: the species is viviparous No category
Esox masquinongy Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Esox niger Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Lota lota Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Parental care Male guards and ventilates the eggs and young Male parental care
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Parental care The male guards and aerates the eggs Male parental care
Ambloplites rupestris Spawning conditions Parental care The male cares about the young No category
Lepomis gibbosus Spawning conditions Parental care The male guards the eggs and the young (to about 11 days after hatching) Male parental care
Micropterus dolomieui Spawning conditions Parental care Males guard the eggs and young Male parental care
Dicentrarchus labrax Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders No care
Morone americana Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders No care
Morone chrysops Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Morone saxatilis Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Gymnocephalus cernuus Spawning conditions Parental care Non-guarders No care
Perca flavescens Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders No care
Perca fluviatilis Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Sander lucioperca Spawning conditions Parental care Guarders No category
Sander vitreus Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders No care
Coregonus lavaretus Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Coregonus albula Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders No care
Coregonus clupeaformis Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders No care
Hucho hucho Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders No care
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders No care
Oncorhynchus keta Spawning conditions Parental care The female covers the nest Female parental care
Oncorhynchus kisutch Spawning conditions Parental care Cover the eggs No category
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Spawning conditions Parental care Brood hiders [The eggs are covered and a new nest is made], the female guards the nest for as long as she can Ambiguous
Salmo salar Spawning conditions Parental care Brood hiders, males cover the eggs after fertilization No category
Salmo trutta fario Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Salvelinus alpinus Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders [The females covers the eggs, and begins the next redd] No care
Salvelinus fontinalis Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders, the female covers the eggs and then leaves Ambiguous
Salvelinus namaycush Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Stenodus leucichthys Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Thymallus thymallus Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders No care
Thymallus arcticus Spawning conditions Parental care Nonguarders No care
Cottus gobio Spawning conditions Parental care Male protects several batches of eggs, for about 3 weeks |Larave are not guarded and may occasionally been eaten] Ambiguous
Ameiurus nebulosus Spawning conditions Parental care Although eggs are cared for by one or both parents, there have been reports of parents eating their own eggs Biparental care
Ictalurus punctatus Spawning conditions Parental care Nest is guarded by the male Male parental care
Silurus glanis Spawning conditions Parental care Male guards a cluster of eggs Male parental care
Osmerus eperlanus Spawning conditions Parental care Non guarders No care
Cobitis taenia Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravel and weed Ambiguous
Blicca bjoerkna Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Plant substratum Phytophils
Carassius carassius Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Dense vegetation Phytophils
Ctenopharyngodon idella Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravel bottomed areas Lithophils
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Obligatory plant spawners Phytophils
Gobio gobio Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Clean gravel and vegetation in flowing water Ambiguous
Leuciscus cephalus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravel, weed and stones Ambiguous
Leuciscus idus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravel, weed, stones Ambiguous
Leuciscus leuciscus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravel and stones Lithophils
Phoxinus phoxinus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Clean gravel and stones Lithophils
Scardinius erythrophthalmus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Vegetation Phytophils
Micropterus dolomieui Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Sand, gravel, or rocky bottoms Ambiguous
Micropterus salmoides Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Muddy bottoms No category
Perca flavescens Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Non obligatory plant spawner Phytophils
Perca fluviatilis Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Female lays the ribbon of eggs over weeds or other submerged objects Phytophils
Sander lucioperca Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Over gravel [Eggs are found attached to emergent vegetation or stones and gravel] Ambiguous
Hucho hucho Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Sand or gravels Ambiguous
Oncorhynchus keta Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Over sand and pebbles Ambiguous
Oncorhynchus nerka Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Generally gravel Lithophils
Salmo salar Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravel Lithophils
Salvelinus fontinalis Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Small pebbles Lithophils
Osmerus eperlanus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Sand bottom Psammophils
Anguilla anguilla Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Aphanius iberus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water / substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Valencia hispanica Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water / substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Barbatula barbatula Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water / substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Cobitis taenia Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum egg scatteres Open water/substratum scatter
Blicca bjoerkna Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation No, open water/substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Aristichthys nobilis Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation No, open water/substratum eggs scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Barbus barbus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/ substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Carassius carassius Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/susbtratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Chondrostoma nasus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation No, open water/susbtratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Ctenopharyngodon idella Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation No, open waters/substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Cyprinus carpio Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum eggs scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Gobio gobio Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/susbtratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/susbtratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Leuciscus idus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Leuciscus leuciscus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/susbtratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Mylopharyngodon piceus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Phoxinus phoxinus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Pimephales promelas Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Nesters Nest built by both parents
Pseudorasbora parva Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Nests under stones and the male cleans the cavity with its pearl organs Nest built by male
Rutilus rutilus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Scardinius erythrophthalmus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Tinca tinca Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water / substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Vimba vimba Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Esox masquinongy Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Esox niger Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Esox lucius Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Lota lota Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Gasterosteus aculeatus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Just before breeding, males become very territorial. The male builds a nest of plant-material glued together with spigging, a protein produced in the kidney. Nest built by male
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation The male builts the nest with plant fragments and binds it together with a kidney secretion Nest built by male
Ambloplites rupestris Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Nesters Nest built by both parents
Lepomis gibbosus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Males build the nest No category
Micropterus dolomieui Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation The male builts the nest Nest built by male
Micropterus salmoides Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation The male which becomes aggressive and territorial builts the nest No category
Dicentrarchus labrax Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/susbtratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Morone americana Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Morone chrysops Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/ substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Morone saxatilis Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Gymnocephalus cernuus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/ substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Perca flavescens Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Perca fluviatilis Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Sander lucioperca Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Nesters Nest built by both parents
Sander vitreus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Coregonus lavaretus Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum egg scatteres Open water/substratum scatter
Coregonus albula Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Coregonus clupeaformis Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Open water/substratum egg scatterers Open water/substratum scatter
Hucho hucho Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Female dig a nest [Brood hiders] Susbtrate chooser
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation The female buids the redd by lying on one side and using its tail, it deplace silt and light gravel to produce a deep trough Ambiguous
Oncorhynchus keta Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation The female excavates a hole of around 1 meter diameter and 50 cm depth before spawning occur No category
Oncorhynchus kisutch Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation