Meyer et al, 2008


Meyer, E.I. and Niepagenkemper, O. and Molls, F. and Spänhoff, B. (2008) An experimental assessment of the effectiveness of gravel cleaning operations in improving hyporheic water quality in potential salmonid spawning areas. River Research and Applications, pp. 119-131

Associated characteristics

Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Salmo trutta fario Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Gravel bed Lithophils
Salmo trutta fario Spawning conditions Spawning site preparation Cleaning of a restricted bed area from fine sediments is also achieved by digging salmonid females, which build spawning redds up to 30 cm depth, ensuring sufficient oxygenation of the deposited eggs and for developing larvae after hatching Susbtrate chooser