Shao, 1997


Shao, B. (1997) Effects of golden shiner (Notemigonus cryoleucas) nest association on host pupkinseeds (Lepomis gibbosus): evidence for a non-parasitic relationship. Behav Ecol Sociobiol, pp. 399-406

Associated characteristics

Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Lepomis gibbosus Egg Temperature for incubation Water temperature in the laboratory varied from 21 to 24°C 21.0 °C
Lepomis gibbosus Larvae Larvae behaviour From preliminary field observations, I found that larvae were usually scattered throughout the nest despite some clumping Demersal
Lepomis gibbosus Spawning conditions Spawning depth Nest were located at between 40 to 45 cm deep 40.0 m
Lepomis gibbosus Spawning conditions Spawning substrate The susbrate of a nest was largely determined by its location in the pond: nests in the Dam area contained mostly flat rocks and gravel, while nests in the East and West areas were often built on a muddy substrate with varying amounts of gravel Lithophils
Lepomis gibbosus Spawning conditions Parental care During a breeding season, some male spawned again after their preivous brood had hatched and dispersed. Some males fertilized and guarded as many as four broods, although the mean was close to one No category