Dombeck et al, 1984


Dombeck, M.P. and Nenzel, B.W. and Hinz, P.N. (1984) Muskellunge spawning habitat and reproductive success. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, pp. 205-216

Associated characteristics

Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Esox masquinongy Egg Egg Buoyancy Demersal Demersal
Esox masquinongy Egg Egg adhesiveness Non-adhesive Non-Adhesive
Esox masquinongy Larvae Larvae behaviour Newly hatched young lack the swim-up and vegetation-attachment behavior characteristic of other esocid larvae. Instead they remain quiescent at the bottom, becoming active only after yolk-sac cosumption Demersal
Esox masquinongy Spawning conditions Spawning depth Areas 37-50 deep up to over 3 m 43.5 m
Esox masquinongy Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Frequently spawns in vegetated areas but also dense beds of stonewort growing over floculent marl substrate. Different types of spawning habitat are utilized in different waters Lithophils
Esox niger Egg Egg Buoyancy Initially demersal but become semibuoyant by the eyed stage Demersal
Esox niger Egg Egg adhesiveness Temporarily adhesive, but lose this characteristic after water hardening Adhesive
Esox niger Larvae Larvae behaviour Possess a cephalic cement gland, used for attachment to macrophytes during yolk sac absorption Demersal