Miller and Menzel, 1986



Citation


Miller, M.L. and Menzel, B.W. (1986) Movements, homing and home range of muskellunge, Esox masquinongy, in West Okoboji Lake, Iowa. Env. Biol. Fish., pp. 243-255

Associated characteristics


Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Esox masquinongy Spawning conditions Spawning substrate Over muck and detritus substrates No category
Esox masquinongy Spawning conditions Spawning temperature Spawning generally occurs at 9 to 15°C 9.0 °C
Esox masquinongy Spawning conditions Spawning depth Shallow water (less than 1 m deep) 1.0 m
Esox masquinongy Spawning conditions Spawning migration period During winter, lake fish occupy depper water and are relatively quiescent. In early spring, before any rise in water temperature, there is a general increase in activity. As water temperatures rise above about 5°C, this movement directed toward upstream or shallow bay and shoreline spawning areas ['April', 'March', 'January', 'May', 'June', 'February']
Esox masquinongy Spawning conditions Homing Reproductive and nonreproductive homing behavior Present
Esox masquinongy Spawning conditions Parity There is typically postspawning movement dowstream or to somewhat deeper ater, where the fish may enventually summer home ranges No category