Sokolowska and Skora, 2002


Sokolowska, E. and Skora, K.E. (2002) Reproductive cycle and the related spatial and temporal distribution of the ninespine stickleback (Pungitius pungitius L.) in Puck Bay. Oceanologia, pp. 475-490

Associated characteristics

Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Parental care The fry remain close to the males and do not swim far from the nest No category
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Spawning period duration The females were able to spawn for almost four months of the year in Puck Bay No data
Pungitius pungitius Female Maximum GSI value In females, the ovaries wan make up as much as 20% of the total weight during the reproductive period 20.0 percent
Pungitius pungitius Male Onset of spermatogenesis Early spermatogenetic stages, e.g. spermatogonia and spermatocytes began to dominate after spawning in August ['August']
Pungitius pungitius Male Maximum GSI value Based on GSI graph: 1.0 in February 1.0 percent
Pungitius pungitius Female Resting period Based on GSI graph, in August and perhaps until november No data
Pungitius pungitius Male Main spermatogenesis activity Based on GSI graph: strong increase between July and August and then remained relativelt constant ['August', 'July']
Pungitius pungitius Female Onset of oogenesis Based on GSI graph, slight increase between August and September and another between November and December ['August', 'November', 'December', 'September']
Pungitius pungitius Female Intensifying oogenesis activity Based on GSI graph, from April until July (during the spawning season) ['April', 'July']
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Spawning season The breeding season in the Bay begins at the end of April and ends in July ['April', 'July']
Pungitius pungitius Spawning conditions Spawning release The presence of partly spent females shows that spawning in this species is portioned: a female can spawn several times during one breeding season. After one clutch of eggs has been laid in the nest the next batch of oocytes begins to mature in the ovaries Mutliple