Rafferty et al, 2009


Rafferty, S.D., Blazer, V.S., Pinkney, A.E., Grazio, J.L., Obert, E.C. and Boughton, L., 2009. A historical perspective on the “fish tumors or other deformities” beneficial use impairment at Great Lakes Areas of Concern. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 35(4), pp.496-506.

Associated characteristics

Species Development state Trait Primary Data Secondary Data
Ameiurus nebulosus Larvae Larvae behaviour benthic Demersal