Larvae - Initial larval size



Species Primary Data Secondary Data References
Anguilla anguilla The prolarvae are 2.5-2.7 mm in the period of mass hatching 2.6 mm Prokhorchik, 1987
Anguilla anguilla 2.7 2.7 mm Prokhorchik, 1988
Anguilla anguilla 2.5-2.7 2.6 mm Lecompte-finiger, 1994
Anguilla anguilla 2.9 2.9 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Alosa alosa 7-12 9.5 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Alosa alosa 7-12 9.5 mm Taverny, 2000
Alosa alosa About 10 on hatching 10.0 mm Maitland and Hatton-Ellis, 2000
Alosa fallax 4.25-6 5.125 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Alosa fallax 5-8 6.5 mm Taverny, 2000
Alosa fallax About 10 10.0 mm Doherty, 2004
Alosa fallax 4.24-9.2 at hatching 6.72 mm Aprahamian, 2001
Alosa fallax Individuals of A. f. fallax with depleted yolk-sacs but still with some evidence of a fin fold were catagorised as shad larvae (herein embryos were 4.92-10.79 mm SL while larvae were 5.65-20.40 mm SL) 7.855 mm Esteves and Andrade, 2008
Alosa sapidissima 6.5-10 8.25 mm Internet, 2005
Alosa sapidissima 9-10 9.5 mm Scott and Crossman, 1973
Alosa sapidissima 8.7 8.7 mm Wiggins, 1985
Alosa sapidissima Either 9-10, 6-10 9.5 mm Mills, 2004
Alosa sapidissima Larvae hatch at a size of approximatively 2.5-5.0 mm 3.75 mm Anonymous, 2006 Chapter 3
Barbatula barbatula 3-4 3.5 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Barbatula barbatula The newly hatched fry measured 3.0 mm in length 3.0 mm Smyly, 1955
Cobitis taenia 3-4 3.5 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Cobitis taenia 5.4 5.4 mm Vaino and Saat, 2003
Cobitis taenia 5.03 ± 0.34 5.03 mm Bohlen, 1999
Cobitis taenia Hatching lengths of 4.9-5.8 mm were reported [Hatching lengths of 3.5-4.0 for hybrids with the mud loach] 5.35 mm Robotham, 1981
Blicca bjoerkna 5 5.0 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Abramis brama 4.8 4.8 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Abramis brama 6.3 6.3 mm Olivier, 2001
Abramis brama 4.57-5.30 4.935 mm Backiel and Zawiska, 1968
Abramis brama Their average total length at hatching was 4.55 4.55 mm Penaz and Gajdusek, 1979
Abramis brama Size at hatching ranges from 4.5-5.2 4.85 mm Brylinska and Boron, 2004
Alburnoides bipunctatus 6.5-7 6.75 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Alburnoides bipunctatus Average length 5.76, range 5.5-6.2 when incubated at 19.97°C and a mean of 6.37 (range 5.5-7.0) when incubated at 16.43C 5.85 mm Penaz, 1976
Alburnus alburnus 2-4 3.0 mm Spillmann, 1961
Alburnus alburnus 2-4 3.0 mm Rinchard, 1996
Alburnus alburnus 4-5.5 4.75 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Alburnus alburnus 4.5-5.5 5.0 mm Carrell and Olivier, 2001
Alburnus alburnus Nealy hatched measured in average 4.6 mm 4.6 mm Winnicki and Korzelecka, 1997
Alburnus alburnus 4-5 mm at hatching 4.5 mm Agence de l'eau,
Aristichthys nobilis 5-5.2 5.1 mm Horvath, 1992
Aristichthys nobilis 5.72 (range 5-.67-5.80) BUT hybrid between female grass carp and male bighhead 5.72 mm Kilambi and Zdinak, 1981
Aristichthys nobilis 5.5-6.0 5.75 mm Jennigs, 1988
Aristichthys nobilis 8.1 mm at 2 days old 8.1 mm Naca, 1989
Aspius aspius 4-6 5.0 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Aspius aspius On the first day post-hatch, the asp larvae measured 6.2 in mean total length 6.2 mm Ostaszewska, 2002
Aspius aspius Length range mean 8.9 (range 7.9-9.3 mm), at day 1 8.6 mm Kujawa, 2007
Barbus barbus 7.6 [At hatching] 7.6 mm Vandewalle, 1993
Barbus barbus 12.2 [6 days old] 12.2 mm Wolnicki and Gorny, 1995
Barbus barbus L=9.0, for eleuterembryo in developmental stage A, 2days after hatching (6 days from the beginning of development) 9.0 mm Penaz, 1971
Barbus barbus Mean total length at the time of maximum hatching: 8.99 [When incubated at 18°C], 8.82 [At 19.67°C], 8.31 [At 20.52°C] and 8.96 [At 16.0°C] 8.99 mm Penaz, 1973
Barbus barbus Embryo hatched at the beginning of the hatching period were 7.0 mm in total length, those hatched at the end 7.4 mm total length. The total length and weight of hatched embryos were 7.0-7.4 mm and 5.8-6.0 mg, respectively. 7.2 mm Krupta, 1988
Carassius auratus Mostly 4-4.5 [rarely 3.0 or 5.0] 4.25 mm Internet, 2005
Carassius auratus 4 4.0 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Carassius auratus 4.5 4.5 mm Battle, 1940
Carassius auratus 3.5 3.5 mm Olden, 2006
Carassius auratus Newly hatched larvae are 5.8 mm long 5.8 mm Szczerbowski and Szczerbowski, 1996
Carassius auratus Mean initial length at 2 dph 6.3 +/- 0.7 6.3 mm Coutinho, 2006
Carassius carassius 4.5-5.5 5.0 mm Holopainen, 1997
Carassius carassius 4 4.0 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Carassius carassius 4.5-5.5 5.0 mm Laurila, 1987
Carassius carassius Length of newly hatched larvae is about 5 mm, body mass 10 mg 5.0 mm Szczerbowski and Szczerbowski, 1996
Carassius carassius The total length of the larva is 4.5-5.5 mm at hatching. Other authors: 5.0-5.2, 4.2-4.9, 3.8-5.2 5.0 mm Laurila and Holopainen, 1990
Chondrostoma nasus 7.09-9.81 [Depending on temperature] 8.45 mm Penaz, 1974
Chondrostoma nasus 10.0 [Natural conditions] 10.0 mm Prokes and Penaz, 1978
Chondrostoma nasus The average body length of newly hatched larvae was 8.22 ± 0.7 mm (TL) 8.22 mm Sysa, 2006
Chondrostoma nasus Newly hatched larvae are 7.0-9.5 mm in length 8.25 mm Prawochenski, 1964
Chondrostoma toxostoma Mean 6.32, range 4.1-8.1 6.1 mm Gozlan, 1999
Ctenopharyngodon idella 5-5.2 5.1 mm Horvath, 1992
Ctenopharyngodon idella 5.2 5.2 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Ctenopharyngodon idella Mean 5.48, range 5.40-5.67 5.535 mm Kilambi and Zdinak, 1981
Ctenopharyngodon idella 5.0 5.0 mm Olden, 2006
Ctenopharyngodon idella The larvae captured (6.1-7.9 mm TL) ranged in age from 1 to 7 posthatching 7.0 mm Brown and Coon, 1991
Ctenopharyngodon idella Hatchlings measure 5.0-5.5 mm 5.25 mm Shireman and Smith, 1983
Cyprinus carpio 4.8-5.0 4.9 mm Horvath, 1992
Cyprinus carpio 4.8-5.0 4.9 mm Billard, 1995
Cyprinus carpio 4.5-5 4.75 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Cyprinus carpio 6 [Not specified] 6.0 mm Linhart, 1995
Cyprinus carpio Most average 4.38-5.70 [From 3.0 up to 6.69] 5.04 mm Internet, 2005
Cyprinus carpio 4.7 4.7 mm Aldridge, 1999
Cyprinus carpio 5-6 5.5 mm Lafaille and Crivelli, 2001
Cyprinus carpio 4.5 4.5 mm Olden, 2006
Cyprinus carpio 4.5-5 4.75 mm Wurtz-Arlet, 1950
Cyprinus carpio About 5.5 [Deduced from graph] 5.5 mm Korwin-Kossakowski, 1988
Cyprinus carpio The mean total length of embryos on hatching was 4.71 mm 4.71 mm Penaz, 1983
Cyprinus carpio Total length of newly hatched larvae is 5.6-6.3 mm (mean 5.7 mm), length of head is 1.0-1.4 mm (mean 1.2 mm), body weight is about 1 mg 5.95 mm Matlak, 1970
Cyprinus carpio Larval size of 5.5 mm immediatly after hatching 5.5 mm Osse, 1986
Cyprinus carpio Average total length was 6.6 ± 0.2 mm for three-day carp larvae 6.6 mm Wozniewski, 1993
Cyprinus carpio One day after hatching, two hundred larvae of koi (average length of 6.9 mm) 6.9 mm Ito, 2007
Gobio gobio 5.45 5.45 mm Kennedy and Fitzmaurice, 1972
Gobio gobio 4-5 4.5 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Gobio gobio 4.5-5.5 5.0 mm Rinchard, 1996
Gobio gobio 4.7 4.7 mm Chemillier, 1995
Gobio gobio 3.0-4.2 3.6 mm Penaz and Prokes, 1978
Gobio gobio Mean of 4.3 (4 to 4.7 mm). […] In Ireland, length of 4.68 to 5.45 mm 4.3 mm Brunet and Hoestlandt, 1972
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix 5-5.2 5.1 mm Horvath, 1992
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix 7.2 mm for 2 days old larvae 7.2 mm Naca, 1989
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix 5.2 mm at hatching 5.2 mm Burlakov,2006
Leucaspius delineatus 4-4.5 4.25 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Leucaspius delineatus Mean 5.11, range 4.83-5.27 5.05 mm Pinder and Gozlan, 2004
Leucaspius delineatus TL = 6.1, for eleuterembryo in developental stage A, just hatched (6 days 5 hours from the beginning of development) 6.1 mm Penaz, 1971
Leucaspius delineatus Slim larva, carrying a small yolk sac, was 4.25 mm long on the average (the smallest one 4.1 mm, the longest 4.4 mm) 4.25 mm Bonislawska, 1999
Leuciscus cephalus 6.3-6.8 6.55 mm Calta, 2000
Leuciscus cephalus 5.5-6.5 6.0 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Leuciscus cephalus 8.52 ± 0.28, 8 days after hatching 8.52 mm Harzevili, 2003
Leuciscus cephalus The size of hatched embryos ranged from a mean of 6.09 for the first experiment and 5.31 mm for the second 6.09 mm Penaz and Sterba, 1969
Leuciscus cephalus Average standard length: 4.9 mm 4.9 mm Penaz, 1968
Leuciscus cephalus Newly hatched larvae is 5.3-6.5 mm long 5.9 mm Zelepien, 1997
Leuciscus idus 8.29 ± 0.29 8.29 mm Harzevili, 2004
Leuciscus idus 10 [Not specified if newly hatched] 10.0 mm Kestemont, 2001
Leuciscus idus 8.1 [3 days after hatching] 8.1 mm Wolnicki and Gorny, 1995
Leuciscus idus Total length of newly-hatched larvae is 5.5-8.7 mm (typically 7 mm). Larger larvae hatch from eggs incubated at higher temperatures, at 9°C : 6.6 (range 6.5-6.8) mm, at 13.4°C : 7.3 (range 6.3-7.5) mm, at 22°C : 7.4 (6.5-8.4) mm. Newly hatched larvae of ide are mode developmentally advanced compared to larvae of other cyprinid fishes 7.1 mm Witkowski, 1997
Leuciscus idus 7.3 ± 0.4 [Not specified if at hatching] 7.3 mm Wolnicki, 1996
Leuciscus leuciscus 7.5 7.5 mm Spillmann, 1961
Leuciscus leuciscus 7-7.5 7.25 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Leuciscus leuciscus 7.5 7.5 mm Persat, 2001
Leuciscus leuciscus 8.6 8.6 mm Kennedy, 1969
Leuciscus leuciscus 7.5 7.5 mm Wurtz-Arlet, 1950
Leuciscus leuciscus Means range from 8.24 to 9.38, for larvae 2 to 4 days old 8.24 mm Mann and Mills, 1985
Phoxinus phoxinus 2-5 3.5 mm Spillmann, 1961
Phoxinus phoxinus 2-5 3.5 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Phoxinus phoxinus 10-12 [Not specified] 11.0 mm Kestemont, 2001
Phoxinus phoxinus 8.5-10.1 [Not at hatching !] 9.3 mm Mills, 1987
Phoxinus phoxinus When hatching, the larvae have 12-13 mm total length 12.5 mm Papadopol and Weinberger, 1975
Phoxinus phoxinus The length of the prolarvae is 3.6 mm 3.6 mm Soin, 1982
Phoxinus phoxinus Newly emerged fry ranged from 4.2-5.0 4.6 mm Frost, 1943
Phoxinus phoxinus At the onset of exogenous feeding young larvae (7.8-12.6 mm TL) began to possess single melanophores 10.2 mm Simonovic,1999
Pimephales promelas 5 5.0 mm Kerr and Grant, 1999
Pimephales promelas 4.75 4.75 mm Markus, 1934
Pseudorasbora parva 4-4.5 4.25 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Pseudorasbora parva 4.5-5 4.75 mm Makeyeva and Mokamed, 1982
Pseudorasbora parva 4.7-5.5 5.1 mm Pinder, 2005
Rhodeus sericeus 3.3 3.3 mm Smith, 2004
Rhodeus sericeus 3.3 [Pigmented eye only at 7.9] 3.3 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Rhodeus sericeus 3.3 3.3 mm Aldridge, 1999
Rutilus rutilus 4.5-6.5 5.5 mm Rinchard, 1996
Rutilus rutilus 5-5.5 5.25 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Scardinius erythrophthalmus 4.5-5.4 4.95 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Scardinius erythrophthalmus 4.5-5 4.75 mm Lafaille, 2001
Tinca tinca 3.5-3.6 3.55 mm Horvath, 1992
Tinca tinca 4-5 [not specified] 4.5 mm Feunteun, 2001
Tinca tinca On average 3.8 3.8 mm Geldhauser, 1995
Tinca tinca 4 [Size between 12 h and 3 days after hatcing] 4.0 mm San Juan, 1995
Tinca tinca Maximum hatching was observed at 3.82 mm of mean total length [Also described at 4.27, 4.0-4.2, 3.1-3.2] 4.1 mm Penaz, 1981
Tinca tinca Newly hatched larvae have been described at 4.0-4.2 (When incubated at 18°C), 4-5 (not indicated the temperature), 3.1-3.2 (at 19-22°C), 3.82 (at 19.6°C) 4.1 mm Kubu and Kouril, 1985
Tinca tinca Larvae at 5-days post-hatch have a total length (TL) of 4.82 mm and a weight (W) of 0.47 mg 5.0 mm Carral, 2006
Tinca tinca Five days after hatching, larvae had a mean weight of 0.36 mg and length of 5.08 mm. 0.36 mm Celada, 2008
Vimba vimba 5.5 5.5 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Vimba vimba Larvae hatched in the VII th development stage at a mean length of 4.7 mm, eyes without pigmentation and pectoral fins just beginning to form 4.7 mm Lusk, 2005
Gambusia affinis 7-10 8.5 mm Internet, 2005
Gambusia affinis 5-10 7.5 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Gambusia affinis 8.5 8.5 mm Olden, 2006
Esox masquinongy 9.5-10.3 9.9 mm Scott and Crossman, 1973
Esox masquinongy 9.5-10.3 9.9 mm Mittelbach and Persson, 1998
Esox niger 4.2-7 5.6 mm Coffie, 1998
Esox niger 4.2-7.0 5.6 mm Scott and Crossman, 1973
Esox niger 4.0-7.0 5.5 mm Mittelbach and Persson, 1998
Esox lucius 8.5-8.7 8.6 mm Hovarth, 1992
Esox lucius 8 8.0 mm Spillmann, 1961
Esox lucius 8.5-9 8.75 mm Chauveheid and Billard, 1983
Esox lucius 8 8.0 mm Dorier, 1938
Esox lucius 6.5-7.5, but also 8.0-9.0 7.0 mm Toner and Lawler, 1969
Esox lucius 7.5-8.2 7.85 mm Frost and Kipling, 1967
Esox lucius 6.5-10 [Encompassing all variations described] 8.25 mm Balvay, 1983
Esox lucius 6-8 7.0 mm Scott and Crossman, 1973
Esox lucius 6-8 7.0 mm Mittelbach and Persson, 1998
Esox lucius 7-9.8 8.4 mm Kerr and Grant, 1999
Esox lucius 8.0 8.0 mm Olden, 2006
Esox lucius 5.0 5.0 mm Wurtz-Arlet, 1950
Esox lucius Mean about 8, range 7-9 mm 8.0 mm Wurtz, 1944
Esox lucius Mean of 7.99 for 41-cm female and 8.09 for 101-cm female 7.99 mm Wright and Shoesmith, 1988
Esox lucius The larvae are 8-9 mm long after hatching 8.5 mm Lappalainen, 2008
Lota lota 3-4 3.5 mm Persat, 2001
Lota lota 3 3.0 mm Mittelbach and Persson, 1998
Lota lota Range from 3.5-3.9, depending of egg diameter, sporadically newly hatched larvae attain 4.3. mm 3.7 mm Kujawa, 2002
Gasterosteus aculeatus 4.2-4.5 4.35 mm Internet, 2005
Gasterosteus aculeatus 2-4.5 3.25 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Gasterosteus aculeatus 4.2-5 4.6 mm Scott and Crossman, 1973
Gasterosteus aculeatus By the time the embryo hatches it is already 8 days old and measures 3 mm in length. About 24 hours after hathing the larva has a length of nearly 4 mm, has absorbed half of its yolk, and swims about freely. 8.0 mm Swarup, 1958
Gasterosteus aculeatus Hatched larvae 6-7 mm SL (6.55 mm in a mean length) can attain a length of about 15 mm within one month of hatching 6.5 mm Mori and Magoshi, 1987
Pungitius pungitius 2-3 2.5 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Pungitius pungitius 4.2-4.57 4.385 mm Shadrin, 1996
Ambloplites rupestris 5.3 5.3 mm Olden, 2006
Lepomis gibbosus 2.4-3.1 2.75 mm Internet, 2005
Lepomis gibbosus 2.4-2.9 2.65 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Lepomis gibbosus 2.4-2.9 2.65 mm Carrel, 2001
Lepomis gibbosus 5.3 5.3 mm Olden, 2006
Micropterus dolomieui 4.6 4.6 mm Internet, 2005
Micropterus dolomieui 5.6-5.9 5.75 mm Scott and Crossman, 1973
Micropterus dolomieui 5.6-5.9 5.75 mm Mittelbach and Persson, 1998
Micropterus dolomieui 5.8 5.8 mm Olden, 2006
Micropterus salmoides 3.5-5.5 4.5 mm Heidinger, 1976
Micropterus salmoides 4 4.0 mm Williamson, 1993
Micropterus salmoides 2.3 2.3 mm Spillmann, 1961
Micropterus salmoides 3-5 4.0 mm Newburg, 1975
Micropterus salmoides As small as 2.3, 3.6-4.1 [recently hatched fish collected in the field] 3.85 mm Internet, 2005
Micropterus salmoides 2-3 2.5 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Micropterus salmoides 3.2-5 4.1 mm Carrel and Schlumberger, 2001
Micropterus salmoides 3 3.0 mm Scott and Crossman, 1973
Micropterus salmoides 5.5-6.5 6.0 mm Mittelbach and Persson, 1998
Micropterus salmoides 3.0-5.5 4.25 mm Kerr and Grant, 1999
Micropterus salmoides 6.1 6.1 mm Olden, 2006
Dicentrarchus labrax Mode 3.83, range 3.61-4.05 3.83 mm Fishbase, 2006
Dicentrarchus labrax 4.73-5.26 length at 8-day-old 4.995 mm Saillant, 2001
Dicentrarchus labrax 5.12 [Not specified if at hatching] 5.12 mm Hatziathanasiou, 2002
Dicentrarchus labrax Mean of 3.73 and 3.85 for two different treatments 3.73 mm Cerda, 1994
Dicentrarchus labrax 3.5-4, data based on a graph 3.75 mm Barnabé, 1980
Dicentrarchus labrax 3.5 mm at hatching 3.5 mm Giffard-Mena,2006
Morone americana 2.3 2.3 mm Scott and Crossman, 1973
Morone americana 3.5 3.5 mm Harrell, 1997
Morone americana 2.3 2.3 mm Mittelbach and Persson, 1998
Morone americana 1.7-3.0 2.35 mm Stanley and Danie, 1983
Morone americana Depending upon temperature, yolk-sac larvae hatch at a length of about 2.6 mm 2.6 mm North and Houde, 2001
Morone americana From mean of 2.13 to 2.86 [Depending on different salinities and temperatures] 2.13 mm Morgan II and Jasin, 1982
Morone chrysops 3.7 [Not specified at hatching] 3.7 mm Scott and Crossman, 1973
Morone chrysops 3.0 3.0 mm Kohler, 1997
Morone chrysops 3.5 3.5 mm Harrell, 1997
Morone chrysops 2.0 2.0 mm Mittelbach and Persson, 1998
Morone chrysops 3.8 3.8 mm Olden, 2006
Morone chrysops Mean of 3.6, range of 3.2-3.9 3.55 mm Siefert, 1974
Morone saxatilis 2.9-5.0 3.95 mm Internet, 2005
Morone saxatilis 5.2-6.0 5.6 mm Scott and Crossman, 1973
Morone saxatilis 5.0 5.0 mm Harrell, 1997
Morone saxatilis 3.3 3.3 mm Olden, 2006
Morone saxatilis About 3.1 3.1 mm North and Houde, 2001
Morone saxatilis 3.9 ±0.6 mm, standard length at hatching 3.9 mm Eldridge, 1982
Morone saxatilis At 5 dph, the mean length of larvae from the large females was 5.7 mm 5.0 mm Monteleone and Houde, 1990
Gymnocephalus cernuus 3.5-4.4 3.95 mm Ogle, 1998
Gymnocephalus cernuus 3 3.0 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Gymnocephalus cernuus 3.5-4.4 3.95 mm Crosier, 2005
Gymnocephalus cernuus 3 3.0 mm Spillmann, 1961
Gymnocephalus cernuus 2.5-3.2 2.85 mm Craig, 2000
Gymnocephalus cernuus 3.35-3.81 3.58 mm Kovac, 1998
Gymnocephalus cernuus 3.85 ± 0.08 [Other give 3.52 to 4.29] 3.85 mm Bonislawska, 2004
Gymnocephalus cernuus Standard length of larvae of freswater : meanSL range from 2.05 and 2.23 and brackishwater range from 2.32-3.03 2.675 mm Albert, 2006
Perca flavescens 5.5-6.0 5.75 mm Mansueti, 1964
Perca flavescens 4.7-6.6 5.65 mm Heidinger and Kayes, 1986
Perca flavescens 4.0-7.0 5.5 mm Brown, 1996
Perca flavescens 5 5.0 mm Scott and Crossman, 1973
Perca flavescens 4.8-6.0 5.4 mm Mittelbach and Persson, 1998
Perca flavescens 5 5.0 mm Kerr and Grant, 1999
Perca flavescens 4.1-5.5 4.8 mm Anonymous, 2006 Chapter 3
Perca flavescens 5.6-6.2 5.9 mm Whiteside, 1983
Perca flavescens 6.4 6.4 mm Olden, 2006
Perca flavescens Each model simulation model began with 1000 larvae, and initial size was randomly assigned to each larva from a normal distribution (mean = 5.7 mm, SD = 0.3 mm). 5.7 mm Fulford, 2006
Perca flavescens Deduced from graph => 5.2 mm 5.2 mm Peters, 2007
Perca flavescens The TL of larval yellow perch ranged from 4 to 11 mm on the initial dates of capture 4.0 mm Isermann and Willis, 2008
Perca fluviatilis 4.07-6.6 5.335 mm Craig, 2000
Perca fluviatilis 4.07-6.6 [Range in different populations: 4.1-5.5, 5.5-6.0] 5.335 mm Thorpe, 1977
Perca fluviatilis 5.8-6.3 6.05 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Perca fluviatilis 4.2-6.2 5.2 mm Guma'a, 1978
Perca fluviatilis 4.7-6.4 5.55 mm Wang and Eckmann, 1994
Perca fluviatilis 5.4 5.4 mm Kestemont, 1996
Perca fluviatilis About 6 6.0 mm Goubier, 1990
Perca fluviatilis 5.3 5.3 mm Balon, 1977
Perca fluviatilis 4.1-6.6 5.35 mm Mittelbach and Persson, 1998
Perca fluviatilis 4.8-5.0 4.9 mm Wurtz-Arlet, 1950
Perca fluviatilis Length of the hatchlings was 3.5 mm on the average [Other studies: newly hatched perch larvae are from 4 to 5.3 mm long, also described at 6.5 mm and 3-6] 4.5 mm Korzelecka, 1998
Perca fluviatilis 5-6.2 5.6 mm Kokurewicz, 1969
Perca fluviatilis 4.8-5.4 5.1 mm Sandström, 1997
Sander lucioperca 4.5-5.0 4.75 mm Hovarth, 1992
Sander lucioperca 3.5 3.5 mm Spillmann, 1961
Sander lucioperca 4.5-5.5 but some at 7.0 (?) 5.0 mm Lappaleinen, 2003
Sander lucioperca Either 4.1-4.8 or 3.9-4.5 4.45 mm Lehtonen, 1996
Sander lucioperca 3-3.5 3.25 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Sander lucioperca 4.0-5.0 4.5 mm Craig, 2000
Sander lucioperca 6.0 6.0 mm Schlumberger and Proteau, 1993
Sander lucioperca 3.5-5.5 4.5 mm Olivier and Schlumberger, 2001
Sander lucioperca 3.5 3.5 mm Fishbase, 2006
Sander lucioperca 4-5 4.5 mm Deeler and Willemsen, 1964
Sander lucioperca 4.6 4.6 mm Balon, 1977
Sander lucioperca 4.0-5.0 4.5 mm Mittelbach and Persson, 1998
Sander lucioperca 4.2-5.2 4.7 mm Kokurewicz, 1969
Sander lucioperca 4.5-5.5 5.0 mm Schlumberger and Proteau, 1996
Sander lucioperca Total body length of newly hatched larvae was 5.04 +/- 0.05 mm 5.04 mm Ostasweska, 2005
Sander lucioperca The standard length of first feeding pikeperch larvae in ponds was 6.1 mm, on average 6.1 mm Peterka, 2003
Sander lucioperca Larval weight and length at hatching ranged between 0.34 and 0.40 mg, and 5.03 and 5.17 mm 0.34 mm Wang, 2009
Sander vitreus 6-9.5 [Mean 7.6] 7.75 mm Malison and Held, 1996b
Sander vitreus 6.0-8.6 7.3 mm Craig, 2000
Sander vitreus 6.0-8.6 7.3 mm Colby, 1979
Sander vitreus 4.8-9.5 [Extreme values] 7.15 mm Kestemont and Mélard, 2000
Sander vitreus 6.0-8.6 7.3 mm Scott and Crossman, 1973
Sander vitreus 6.8 6.8 mm Balon, 1977
Sander vitreus 6.0-8.6 7.3 mm Mittelbach and Persson, 1998
Sander vitreus 6.0-8.6 7.3 mm Anonymous, 2006 Chapter 3
Sander vitreus 7.3 7.3 mm Olden, 2006
Sander vitreus 6.3-7.6 6.95 mm Oseid and Smith, 1971
Sander vitreus Total length at hatching range from 8.0 to 8.9 8.0 mm Johnston, 1997
Sander vitreus Descirbed as 4.8, 6-9, 6-8.6, 7.1, 5.7-7.8 7.5 mm Summerfelt, 1996
Sander vitreus Mean size at hatch: 6.0 At 6°C], 7.3 [8.9°C], 7.8 [12.0°C], 7.2 [15.0°C], 8 [18°C] 6.0 mm Koenst and Smith, 1976
Sander vitreus Range between 7.44 to 7.81, one day after hatching 7.44 mm Moodie, 1989
Sander vitreus 8.53 +/- 0.05 mm at hatching 8.53 mm Johnston, 2007
Coregonus lavaretus 11.7-12.3 12.0 mm Beltran and Champigneulle, 1991
Coregonus lavaretus 9-13 11.0 mm Champigneulle and Beltran, 1996
Coregonus lavaretus 8.3-11.3 [Mean 9.89, n=915] 9.8 mm Bogdanov, 1984
Coregonus lavaretus 11-12 11.5 mm Luczynski and Kolman, 1987
Coregonus lavaretus 11.6 [with n=50] 11.6 mm Beltran and Champigneulle, 1992
Coregonus lavaretus 12.4 after 4 days post-hatching 12.4 mm Rösch and Appelbaum, 1985
Coregonus lavaretus 11.7 11.7 mm Mack and Billard, 1984
Coregonus lavaretus From wild breeders, mean size ranged from 12.1 to 12.5 and for domestic breeders from 11.2 to 11.8 mm 12.1 mm Rojas Beltran, 1992
Coregonus lavaretus Peipsi whitefish has TL at hatching of 10.8-12.4 mm. In the present study the maximum TL (> 11 mm) was observed at 1.9-3.5 ppt. At the salinity with the highest embryonic survival (0.5 ppt) average TL was 10.6 mm 11.6 mm Albert, 2004
Coregonus albula 8.61-9.16 [n= 5103] 8.885 mm Wilkonska, 1995
Coregonus albula 8.5 8.5 mm Karjalainen, 1991
Coregonus albula Total length means vary between 7.07 to 7.94 7.07 mm Viljanen and Koho, 1991
Coregonus clupeaformis 12.8 ± 0.4 12.8 mm Harris and Huslman, 2001
Coregonus clupeaformis 12.4-13.5 12.95 mm Brooke, 1975
Coregonus clupeaformis 10.8-11.5 11.15 mm Sturn, 1994
Coregonus clupeaformis 14.5 [Not trully specified if at hatching] 14.5 mm Davis and Todd, 1998
Coregonus clupeaformis About 12 mm at 1 week 12.0 mm Anonymous, 2006 Chapter 3
Coregonus clupeaformis 10.5-11.5 [At hatching, deduced from graph] 11.0 mm Taylor and Freeberg, 1984
Coregonus clupeaformis 10.8-11.3 [Deduced from graph, at haching] 11.05 mm Brown and Taylor, 1992
Coregonus clupeaformis 11.84 [After 231 days of incubation], 11.03 [After 183 days of incubation] and also 13.5 [At hatching] 11.84 mm Mack and Billard, 1984
Hucho hucho 13-15 14.0 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Hucho hucho 13-15 [Fry with yolk-sac] 14.0 mm Jatteau, 1991
Hucho hucho 10.1 mm in length just after hatching obtained at a constant temperature of 10°C 10.1 mm Witokowski and Kokurewicz, 1981
Hucho hucho The average length of freshly-hatched embryos was 14.1 mm 14.1 mm Penaz and Prihoda, 1981
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha SL means range from 15.9 ± 0.1 to 19.7 ± 0.14 15.9 mm Murray and Beacham, 1986
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha Average 21.5, range of 19.5 to 24 21.5 mm Beacham and Murray, 1990
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha Mean SL vary at 50% hatching vary with temperature: 15.8 [14°C], 16.8 [11°C], 17.5 [8°C], 17.8 [5°C] 15.8 mm Murray and McPhail, 1988
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha Total length of newly emergedfry from the Steel River averaged 30.1 ±0.9 30.1 mm Kwain, 1982
Oncorhynchus keta 25-30 [Emerging fry !] 27.5 mm Groot, 1996
Oncorhynchus keta 20.5 mm long when hatched 20.5 mm Scott and Crossman, 1973
Oncorhynchus keta Larval size is around 16 mm 16.0 mm Fishbase, 2006
Oncorhynchus keta 20.5 at haching 20.5 mm Bakkala, 1970
Oncorhynchus keta Average of 22.5, range 20.5-25 22.75 mm Beacham and Murray, 1990
Oncorhynchus keta Means of fork length according to temperature range from 21.4 to 22.5 21.4 mm Murray and Beacham, 1987
Oncorhynchus keta Mean SL vary at 50% hatching vary with temperature: 17.2 [14°C], 17.9 [11°C], 19.9 [8°C], 19.5 [5°C] 17.2 mm Murray and McPhail, 1988
Oncorhynchus keta Alevins hatchings at 8°C were the longest 22.9 mm, those at 4°C slightly shorter (22.5), and those at 12°C (22.2), and 2°C (20.6) 8.0 mm Beacham and Murray, 1987
Oncorhynchus kisutch 17.5 to 19.4 at hatching 17.5 mm Murray, 1990
Oncorhynchus kisutch Average 21.5, range 19.5-23.5 21.5 mm Beacham and Murray, 1990
Oncorhynchus kisutch 22-24 [1 week post-hatch alevins] 23.0 mm Morrison, 1985
Oncorhynchus kisutch 30 [Emerging fry] 30.0 mm Groot, 1996
Oncorhynchus kisutch 6.0-12.0 [Variation embryonic length in natural conditions, mean = 9.0-10.7] 9.0 mm Zorbidi, 1988
Oncorhynchus kisutch Mean SL vary at 50% hatching vary with temperature: 15.3 [14°C], 16 [11°C], 17.4 [8°C], 18.4 [5°C], 19.1 [2°C] 15.3 mm Murray and McPhail, 1988
Oncorhynchus mykiss 14-15.5 14.75 mm Internet, 2005
Oncorhynchus mykiss 12.8 12.8 mm Olden, 2006
Oncorhynchus mykiss Range: 10.00-14.00, mean 11.73 12.0 mm Purtscher and Humpesch, 2006
Oncorhynchus nerka 20.3 20.3 mm Olden, 2006
Oncorhynchus nerka Average 19.5, range 18.5-20.5 19.5 mm Beacham and Murray, 1990
Oncorhynchus nerka 24-28 [Newly emergent fry] 26.0 mm Hendry, 1998
Oncorhynchus nerka Mean SL vary at 50% hatching vary with temperature: 15.1 [14°C], 16.1 [11°C], 17.1 [8°C], 17.2 [5°C], 17.8 [2°C] 15.1 mm Murray and McPhail, 1988
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha 20 20.0 mm Internet, 2005
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Mean fork length of 25.8 (25.7, 25.9) at 6°C, 25.6 (25.4, 25.8) at 8°C, 24.9 (24.8, 25, 0) at 10°C, 24.6 (24.6 (24.4, 24.8) at 12°C 25.8 mm Heming, 1982
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Average 22, range 21-23.5 22.25 mm Beacham and Murray, 1990
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha 35-44 [Newly emerged fry] 39.5 mm Groot, 1996
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Means fork length vary according to temperature between 20.4 to 23.6 20.4 mm Murray and Beacham, 1987
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Mean SL vary at 50% hatching vary with temperature: 18.7 [14°C], 18.5 [11°C], 20.1 [8°C], 19.4 [5°C] 18.7 mm Murray and McPhail, 1988
Salmo salar Between 16-24 according to different temperatures from 4 to 16°C 20.0 mm Ojanguren, 1999
Salmo salar 18.7-19.9 [At hatching] 19.3 mm Perterson and Martin-Robichaud, 1995
Salmo salar Length of newly hatched salmon larvae: 19.4 +/- 0.23 [Incubated at 3.0°C], 18.2 +/- 0.24 [AT 4.1°C], and 17.8 +/- 0.3 [At 5.7°C] 19.4 mm Ryzhkov, 1979
Salmo trutta fario 15-25 20.0 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Salmo trutta fario 15-25 20.0 mm Ombredane, 2001
Salmo trutta fario 19 19.0 mm Mittelbach and Persson, 1998
Salmo trutta fario 14.5 and 16.2 [Size at hatching] 14.5 mm Vollestad and Lillehammer, 2000
Salmo trutta fario About 13 [When eggs reared at 14°C] to about 16 [When eggs reared at 4°C] 13.0 mm Ojanguren and Brana, 2003
Salmo trutta fario 15-17.5 16.25 mm Olsen and Vollestad, 2001
Salmo trutta fario 12.1 12.1 mm Olden, 2006
Salmo trutta fario 15 15.0 mm Wurtz-Arlet, 1950
Salmo trutta fario Range: 10.01-18.66, mean 15.55 14.335 mm Purtscher and Humpesch, 2006
Salvelinus alpinus 15 15.0 mm Spillmann, 1961
Salvelinus alpinus 15 [Range from 13.9-17.6] 15.75 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Salvelinus alpinus Mean: 18.5 (16.7-19.6 mm) at 3.1°C, and mean: 16.9, range 15.5-18.5 18.15 mm Pavlov, 1994
Salvelinus alpinus 14-16 15.0 mm Mittelbach and Persson, 1998
Salvelinus alpinus 14.7 ± 0.7 14.7 mm Wedekind and Müller, 2004
Salvelinus alpinus Range: 10.40-16.50, mean 14.05 13.45 mm Purtscher and Humpesch, 2006
Salvelinus alpinus Based on graph, length comprised chiefly beween 16 and 17.5 mm 16.0 mm Lemieux, 2003
Salvelinus fontinalis 20.4 ± 0.3 [Newly-hatched larvae, but not sure to be the size at hatching !] 20.4 mm Fraser, 1985
Salvelinus fontinalis About 20-25 [For emerging fry] 22.5 mm Snucins, 1992
Salvelinus fontinalis 20 [Not sure because obtained from a different sTudy] 20.0 mm Mittelbach and Persson, 1998
Salvelinus fontinalis 15.1 15.1 mm Olden, 2006
Salvelinus fontinalis Normal alevin incubated at 9°C measured 13 mm total length 9.0 mm Hokanson, 1973
Salvelinus fontinalis Range: 9.00-15.50, mean 12.08 12.25 mm Purtscher and Humpesch, 2006
Salvelinus namaycush 16 16.0 mm Mittelbach and Persson, 1998
Salvelinus namaycush 15.2 15.2 mm Kerr and Grant, 1999
Salvelinus namaycush 16.1 16.1 mm Olden, 2006
Stenodus leucichthys 11 11.0 mm Belyaeva, 2005
Stenodus leucichthys Average 13.2, range 12.6-14.3 13.45 mm Chereshnev, 2000
Stenodus leucichthys 12.5, mass hatching 12.5 mm Bogdanova, 1978
Stenodus leucichthys 11.0-11.3 11.15 mm Sturn, 1994
Thymallus thymallus 10 10.0 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Thymallus thymallus 10.9-11.1 11.0 mm Zaytsev, 1986
Thymallus thymallus 10-12 11.0 mm Northcote, 1995
Thymallus thymallus About 15-30 mm at emergence 22.5 mm Sempeski and Gaudin, 1995b
Thymallus thymallus 10-12 [size at hatching] 11.0 mm Northcote, 1993
Thymallus thymallus The length of newly hatched embryos averages 12.4 mm, also described by others as 11.5-13.5 mm 12.5 mm Penaz, 1975
Thymallus thymallus Range: 8.57-12.00, mean 10.63 10.285 mm Purtscher and Humpesch, 2006
Thymallus arcticus About 8 8.0 mm Scott and Crossman, 1973
Thymallus arcticus 7-11 up to 15 at emergence ! 9.0 mm Northcote, 1995
Thymallus arcticus From 7-11 to 14-15 at emergence 9.0 mm Northcote, 1993
Thymallus arcticus 8.1 8.1 mm Olden, 2006
Cottus gobio 6-7 6.5 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Cottus gobio 7.5 7.5 mm Spillmann, 1961
Cottus gobio 7.2 7.2 mm Persat, 2001
Cottus gobio ED= 0.4 L -0.75 (ed: egg diameter and L: length of the larvae) 0.4 mm Marconato and Bisazza, 1988
Cottus gobio 6-7 6.5 mm Tomlinson and Perrow, 2003
Cottus gobio 7.2 7.2 mm Bensettiti and Gaudillat, 2002
Ameiurus nebulosus 6-8 7.0 mm Internet, 2005
Ameiurus nebulosus 6 6.0 mm Scott and Crossman, 1973
Ameiurus nebulosus 6 6.0 mm Kerr and Grant, 1999
Ameiurus nebulosus 8.0 8.0 mm Olden, 2006
Ameiurus nebulosus 6-8 7.0 mm Internet, 2001
Ictalurus punctatus 6.4 6.4 mm Internet, 2005
Ictalurus punctatus 7-7.5 7.25 mm Makeeva and Emel'yanova, 1993
Ictalurus punctatus 6 6.0 mm Mittelbach and Persson, 1998
Ictalurus punctatus 6.4 6.4 mm Anonymous, 2006 Chapter 3
Ictalurus punctatus 8.4 8.4 mm Olden, 2006
Silurus glanis 6.4-6.6 6.5 mm Hovarth, 1992
Silurus glanis 7 7.0 mm Mittelbach and Persson, 1998
Silurus glanis 6.4-6.6 6.5 mm Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Silurus glanis By DPH 3 : average TL is 7.4 ± 0.894 mm ranging from 6 to 8 mm 7.4 mm Kozaric, 2008
Osmerus eperlanus 3.8-6.0 4.9 mm Belyanina, 1969
Osmerus eperlanus 5-6 5.5 mm Buckley, 1989
Osmerus eperlanus The l ength of the body is 6.0-6.1 mm including the length from the rostrum the anus, at age 200-210 ts 6.05 mm Mel'nikova and Gorodilov, 2006
Osmerus eperlanus L= 5.0-5.3 mm at the beginning of hatching 5.15 mm Gorodilov and Melnikova, 2006
Osmerus eperlanus The fish hatch as larvae at approximatively 4.8 mm total length 4.8 mm Sepulveda, 1994