Egg - Degree-days for incubation



Species Primary Data Secondary Data References
Anguilla anguilla Certainly about 40-50 45.0 °C * day Pedersen, 2003
Anguilla anguilla About 40 40.0 °C * day Pedersen, 2004
Alosa alosa 60-80 at 24°C 70.0 °C * day Spillmann, 1961
Alosa alosa 67-125 96.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Alosa alosa Hatching occured 5 days after fertilization at 20°C 5.0 °C * day Leguen, 2007
Alosa alosa After a 5 day incubation at 19°C, larvae hatched 5.0 °C * day Jatteau and Bardonnet, 2008
Alosa fallax 70-78 74.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Alosa sapidissima About 120-150 135.0 °C * day Internet, 2005
Alosa sapidissima 120-140 [8-12 days at 11-15°C] 130.0 °C * day Scott and Crossman, 1973
Alosa sapidissima 108.5-162 135.25 °C * day Fishbase, 2006
Alosa sapidissima 130-150 [12-15 days at 12°C] 140.0 °C * day Everly and Boreman, 1999
Valencia hispanica 280-300 [12-14 days at 20-24°C] 290.0 °C * day Keith, 2001
Barbatula barbatula About 200 200.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Barbatula barbatula Took 14-16 days at 12-16°C 15.0 °C * day Smyly, 1955
Barbatula barbatula 16 days [14°C], 11 [18°C] and 7-8 [20°C] 7.5 °C * day Sauvonsaari, 1971
Cobitis taenia 45-68 56.5 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Cobitis taenia 42-68 55.0 °C * day Vaino and Saat, 2003
Cobitis taenia 43-52 [At 21°C] 47.5 °C * day Bohlen, 1999
Cobitis taenia 120 [8 days at 15°C] 120.0 °C * day Perrin, 2001
Cobitis taenia Eggs hatch in nature in few weeks, depending upon temperature, while at laboratory temperature (22-25°C) they hatch 42-48 hours after spawning. 23.5 °C * day Lodi and Malacarne, 1990
Abramis brama 180 180.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Abramis brama 130 130.0 °C * day Diamond, 1985
Abramis brama 110-120 [135-145 hours at 20°C] 115.0 °C * day Olivier, 2001
Abramis brama 60-120 90.0 °C * day Backiel and Zawiska, 1968
Abramis brama 41-49 [Effective day-degrees] 45.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Abramis brama The motility of embryos inside the shells increased and the first embryos hatched 64 hours from the beginning of development at a water temperature of 20°C, i.e. 1280 hours degree, within the following 14 hours most of the embryos hatched 64.0 °C * day Penaz and Gajdusek, 1979
Abramis brama Increase in temperature from 11.2 to 23°C reduces the number of days from 12.5 to 3 and degree-days from 144 to 56 11.2 °C * day Brylinska and Boron, 2004
Abramis brama The hatch took place after seven days of incubation (at 13-15°C) 14.0 °C * day Gerasimov and Stolbunov, 2007
Abramis brama The incubation time to mass hatching was 90-100 degree-days (D°) 95.0 °C * day Kucharczyk, 2005
Alburnoides bipunctatus 80-100 90.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Alburnoides bipunctatus Average 82 DD at 19.67°C and 100.6 at 16.43°C 82.0 °C * day Penaz, 1976
Alburnus alburnus 50-60 [55-65 hours at 22.9°C] 55.0 °C * day Baros, 1979
Alburnus alburnus 58 DD or 1410 DH at 20-23°C 21.5 °C * day Winnicki and Korzelecka, 1997
Alburnus alburnus 250 DD 250.0 °C * day Agence de l'eau,
Aristichthys nobilis 24-50 37.0 °C * day Horvath, 1992
Aristichthys nobilis 35-50 42.5 °C * day Abdusamadov, 1986
Aspius aspius 160-180 [10-15 at 12-16°C] 170.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Aspius aspius 74 [Effective day-degrees] 74.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Barbus barbus 85-105 [For 50% of embryos hatched between 17-24°C] 95.0 °C * day Philippart, 1989
Barbus barbus 31 [Effective day-degrees] 31.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Barbus barbus 90-100 [4 days, 23°C] 95.0 °C * day Vandewalle, 1993
Barbus barbus 92-103 97.5 °C * day Krupka and Meszaros, 1993
Barbus barbus Mean of 74.6 74.6 °C * day Penaz, 1971
Barbus barbus 129.3 DD [At 16°C], 98.8 [At 18°C], 80.3 |At 19.67°C] and 77.8 [At 20.52°C], in other studies described as 97.6 DD at 17.1°C 129.3 °C * day Penaz, 1973
Barbus barbus 73.8 DD for the first embryos and 90 DD for the last embryos at 20.2°C. Others authors observed hatching at 17.1°C on the 6th day after insemination (97.6 DD) 73.8 °C * day Krupta, 1988
Barbus barbus Incubated for six days at a mean temperature of 18.2 ± 0.1°C (108 degree-days), with 85.7% hatching sucess 144 hours after fertilization 18.2 °C * day Policar, 2007
Carassius auratus 80-100 90.0 °C * day Internet, 2005
Carassius auratus 100-160 130.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Carassius auratus 75 [3 days at 25°C] 75.0 °C * day Persat, 2001
Carassius auratus About 70-90 80.0 °C * day Scott and Crossman, 1973
Carassius auratus About 90 90.0 °C * day Kestemont and Mélard, 1994
Carassius carassius 80-110 [i.e. 6 days at 18-19°C, and < 3 days at 24-28°C] 95.0 °C * day Holopainen, 1997
Carassius carassius 80-100 [6 days at 18-19°C in natural conditions, or 3 days at 24-28°C] 90.0 °C * day Laurila, 1987
Carassius carassius 29 [Effective day-degrees] 29.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Carassius carassius 95-100 97.5 °C * day Sczerbowski and Szczerbowski, 1996
Chondrostoma nasus 100-250 175.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Chondrostoma nasus 135-180 [8.6-11.3 days at 15.9] 157.5 °C * day Heckeis, 1996
Chondrostoma nasus About 130-160 at 11.6-15°C [From 99.3-231.3, for 10.0-17.28°C] 145.0 °C * day Penaz, 1974
Chondrostoma nasus 280 [29 days at a mean of 9.2 in natural conditions] 280.0 °C * day Prokes and Penaz, 1978
Chondrostoma nasus About 160-230 between 13-16°C 195.0 °C * day Kamler, 1998
Chondrostoma nasus About 160-230 between 13-16°C 195.0 °C * day Schiemer, 2003
Chondrostoma nasus 54-63 [Effective day-degrees] 58.5 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Chondrostoma nasus Mean of 125.5 125.5 °C * day Penaz, 1971
Chondrostoma nasus 135 DD [At 12°C] and 88 [At 14.7°C] 135.0 °C * day Halacka and Lusk, 1995
Chondrostoma toxostoma 120-150 135.0 °C * day Gozlan, 1999
Ctenopharyngodon idella 24-50 37.0 °C * day Horvath, 1992
Ctenopharyngodon idella 35-50 42.5 °C * day Abdusamadov, 1986
Ctenopharyngodon idella 13 [Effective day-degrees] 13.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Ctenopharyngodon idella 34-38 DD: 34-38 hours [24°] and 16-20 hours [28-30°C] 36.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Ctenopharyngodon idella Hatched in 26-60 hours at 17-30°C, about 20-40 43.0 °C * day Cudmore and Mandrak, 2004
Ctenopharyngodon idella Hatching occured whitin 48 h after fertilization [At 24.5°C] 48.0 °C * day Kilambi and Zdinak, 1981
Ctenopharyngodon idella Hatch between 18 and 30 hours at T>20°C, and developp normaly 18.0 °C * day Scott and Cross, 1973
Cyprinus carpio 60-70 [At optimum incubation temperature] 65.0 °C * day Horvath, 1992
Cyprinus carpio 80-90 85.0 °C * day Linhart, 1995
Cyprinus carpio 70 70.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Cyprinus carpio 60-90 75.0 °C * day Internet, 2005
Cyprinus carpio About 100 [5 days at 20°C] 100.0 °C * day Lafaille and Crivelli, 2001
Cyprinus carpio 80-100 90.0 °C * day Witeska, 1995
Cyprinus carpio 30-34 [Effective day-degrees] 32.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Cyprinus carpio In carp, the time between egg-fertilisation and hatching ranges from 60-80 degree days 70.0 °C * day Smith, 2004
Gobio gobio 125 125.0 °C * day Rinchard, 1996
Gobio gobio 125 125.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Gobio gobio 120-140 [7-8 days at 17.5°C] 130.0 °C * day Kennedy and Fitzmaurice, 1972
Gobio gobio The mean duration of incubation was 133.4 DD at 20.4°C, also described at 6 days at 20°C (125 DD) 133.4 °C * day Penaz and Prokes, 1978
Gobio gobio 125°D 125.0 °C * day Brunet and Hoestlandt, 1972
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix 24-50 37.0 °C * day Horvath, 1992
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix 24-30 27.0 °C * day Billard, 1997
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix 35-50 42.5 °C * day Abdusamadov, 1986
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix 8 [Effective day-degrees] 8.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Leucaspius delineatus 110-145 127.5 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Leucaspius delineatus 100-130 115.0 °C * day Cassou and Le Louarn, 1991
Leucaspius delineatus 75.5-80.7 78.1 °C * day Pinder and Gozlan, 2004
Leucaspius delineatus 99.2-101 100.1 °C * day Bonislawska, 2000
Leucaspius delineatus About 100 at 20°C 100.0 °C * day Bonislawska, 1999
Leucaspius delineatus 110-145 127.5 °C * day Agence de l'eau,
Leuciscus cephalus 60-80 70.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Leuciscus cephalus 50-60 [3 days at 18°C] 55.0 °C * day Changeux and Le Louarn, 2001
Leuciscus cephalus 60 [4 days at 18°C] 60.0 °C * day Harzevili, 2003
Leuciscus cephalus Middle day degrees of inducation either 80.4 or 56.5, both at 18°C [in other studies described as 80.91 DD at 16.7°C] 80.4 °C * day Penaz and Sterba, 1969
Leuciscus cephalus 56.6 DD at 18°C 56.6 °C * day Penaz, 1968
Leuciscus idus 80 [4 days at 18°C] 80.0 °C * day Harzevili, 2004
Leuciscus idus 83 [Effective day-degrees] 83.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Leuciscus idus 180-200 190.0 °C * day Witkowski, 1997
Leuciscus idus About 100 DD 100.0 °C * day Kestemont and Mélard, 1994
Leuciscus leuciscus 325 [25 days at 13°C] 325.0 °C * day Spillmann, 1961
Leuciscus leuciscus 320-330 325.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Leuciscus leuciscus 240-300 [24-30 days at 9.7] in natural conditions 270.0 °C * day Mills, 1986
Leuciscus leuciscus About 300-350 325.0 °C * day Wurtz-Arlet, 1950
Leuciscus leuciscus 143 [Effective day-degrees] 143.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Leuciscus leuciscus 250-300 [25-30 days at 10°C] 275.0 °C * day Mills, 1981
Phoxinus phoxinus 50-70 60.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Phoxinus phoxinus 160-180 [14-17 days at 15°C] 170.0 °C * day Fishbase, 2006
Phoxinus phoxinus 100-130 [6-7 days at 18-21°C] 115.0 °C * day Papadopol and Weinberger, 1975
Phoxinus phoxinus 70 [4 days at 16°C] 70.0 °C * day Soin, 1982
Phoxinus phoxinus 80-90 at 20 and 16°C respectively 85.0 °C * day Kestemont and Mélard, 1994
Pimephales promelas About 100 [4 days at 25°C] 100.0 °C * day Duffy, 1998
Pimephales promelas 120-140 [4.5-6 days at 25°C] 130.0 °C * day Kerr and Grant, 1999
Pimephales promelas About 5 days at 61-77°F 69.0 °C * day Markus, 1934
Pseudorasbora parva 150-200 175.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Pseudorasbora parva 95-130 [4 days at 24-28°C, 5 days at 23-26°C] 112.5 °C * day Makeyeva and Mokamed, 1982
Rutilus rutilus 150 150.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Rutilus rutilus 130 130.0 °C * day Diamond, 1985
Rutilus rutilus About 160 160.0 °C * day Vollestad, 1987
Rutilus rutilus 67 [Effective day-degrees] 67.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Rutilus rutilus Number of DD until mass hatching for series A in 1965: 297 [At 7.8°C],238 [At 8.2°C],187.5 [At 12.5°C], 151.3 [At 16.1°C], 86 [At 20.0°C], in 1967: 210.3 [At 8.1°C], 145.2 [At 13.4°C], 103.9 [At 21.6°C], 94.6 [At 23.9°C] 297.0 °C * day Kokurewicz, 1970
Scardinius erythrophthalmus About 100-110 105.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Scardinius erythrophthalmus 150 150.0 °C * day Lafaille, 2001
Scardinius erythrophthalmus 100 100.0 °C * day Breteler, 1979
Scardinius erythrophthalmus 74 [At 21±2°C] 21.0 °C * day Korzelecka and Winnicki, 1998
Scardinius erythrophthalmus 57 [Effective day-degrees] 57.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Tinca tinca 60-70 [Optimum incubation temperature] 65.0 °C * day Horvath, 1992
Tinca tinca 36-43 39.5 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Tinca tinca 60-70 65.0 °C * day Linhart, 2000
Tinca tinca 60-100 80.0 °C * day Feunteun, 2001
Tinca tinca 50-60 [2 days at 25°C, 3 at 20°C] 55.0 °C * day Laurila, 1987
Tinca tinca 50 50.0 °C * day Geldhauser, 1995
Tinca tinca 50-60 55.0 °C * day Kamler, 1995
Tinca tinca 50-120, and 63.5 at 19-22 [From 90 at 18°C, 80 at 20°C and 35 at 25°C] 85.0 °C * day Linhart and Billard, 1995
Tinca tinca 62.1 day degrees at 19.6°C [Also described at 100-120 DD at 20°C, 90 DD at 18°C, 80 DD at 20°C, 35 DD at 25°C, 63.5 DD at 19-22°C, 70-90 DD below 20°C] 110.0 °C * day Penaz, 1981
Tinca tinca 29 [Effective day-degrees] 29.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Tinca tinca The number of DD used by embryos until mass hatching for series A in 1965: 129.3 [At 14.5°C], 93.7 [At 15°C], 83.2 [At 21.5°C], in 1966: 48.6 [At 16.2°C], 63.6 [At 21.8°C], 55.7 [At 24.7°C], in 1967: 83.4 [At 17.1°C], 72.4 [At 21.7°C], 55.6 [At 23.4°C], 53.6 [At 28°C] 129.3 °C * day Kokurewicz, 1970
Tinca tinca Duration of incubation until hatching was recorded in degree-days (D° = ∑ of °C recorded every day) until 80% of larvae had hatched : 57.5 (for control) and between 58.6 and 65.0 for other treatments 80.0 °C * day Gela, 2003
Tinca tinca Duration of egg incubation until hatching (degree-days) x ± S.D. (at 20°C) : 71.0 ± 1.7 (no enzyme), 62.3 ± 2.5 (5 enzyme per litre of hatchery water, ml), 61.7 ± 2.9 (10), 60.0 ± 2.0 (15), 58.3 ± 1.5 (20) 71.0 °C * day Linhart, 2003b
Vimba vimba 50-70 [70-77 hours at 17-22°C] 60.0 °C * day Coad, 2005
Vimba vimba About 50-80 65.0 °C * day Wajdowicz, 1974
Vimba vimba 28 [Effective day-degrees] 28.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Vimba vimba Hatching occurred on the 5th day within 6 hours after reaching 80-90 degree-days 85.0 °C * day Lusk, 2005
Vimba vimba Embryonic development lasts for 3-4 days at 20-24°C, but can extend to 7 days at lower temperatures 3.5 °C * day Luszczek, 2008
Gambusia affinis 100-120 [Seems to 5-6 days at 25°C] 110.0 °C * day Koya, 2000
Esox masquinongy 130-160 [8-14 days at 11.7-17.2] 145.0 °C * day Scott and Crossman, 1973
Esox niger 70-110 [2.5 (17.20°C), 5.00 (14.40°C), 11.00 (11.00°C)] 90.0 °C * day Fishbase, 2006
Esox lucius 120-140 130.0 °C * day Hovarth, 1992
Esox lucius 115-140 127.5 °C * day Dorier, 1938
Esox lucius 110-130 120.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Esox lucius About 120 [E = 4 + 1.2619-t] 120.0 °C * day Chauveheid and Billard, 1983
Esox lucius 120 [10 days at 12°C] 120.0 °C * day Toner and Lawler, 1969
Esox lucius 120 [Between 7 and 12°C] 120.0 °C * day Balvay, 1983
Esox lucius 120 120.0 °C * day Le Louarn and Feunteun, 2001
Esox lucius 100 100.0 °C * day Scott and Crossman, 1973
Esox lucius 96.2-103.6 99.9 °C * day Bonislawska, 2000
Esox lucius 120-131 125.5 °C * day Wurtz, 1944
Esox lucius [Yolk-sac fry hatched 8-12 days after fertilization at 15°C] 10.0 °C * day Giles, 1986
Esox lucius 73 [Effective day-degrees] 73.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Esox lucius 120 120.0 °C * day Chimits, 1951
Lota lota 112-200 156.0 °C * day Van Houdt, 2003
Lota lota 200 200.0 °C * day Spillmann, 1961
Lota lota 200 200.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Lota lota 150 150.0 °C * day Scott and Crossman, 1973
Lota lota 180-200 190.0 °C * day Fishbase, 2006
Lota lota Mass hatching occur at 117-131 124.0 °C * day Hudd and Kjellman, 2002
Lota lota 80-200, also descried as 109.4 140.0 °C * day Kujawa, 2002
Gasterosteus aculeatus About 140 140.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Gasterosteus aculeatus 125-140 [7 days at 18-20°C] 132.5 °C * day Internet, 2005
Gasterosteus aculeatus About 105 [6 days at 17°C] 105.0 °C * day Fishbase, 2006
Gasterosteus aculeatus About 135 135.0 °C * day Scott and Crossman, 1973
Gasterosteus aculeatus 90 90.0 °C * day Bonislawska, 2000
Gasterosteus aculeatus 76 [Effective day-degrees] 76.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Gasterosteus aculeatus 192 hours after fertilization 192.0 °C * day Swarup, 1958
Pungitius pungitius 100-150 125.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Pungitius pungitius About 130 [7 days at 18°C] 130.0 °C * day Fishbase, 2006
Pungitius pungitius 80-100 [96 hours at 20°C, 162 hours at 15°C] 90.0 °C * day Shadrin, 1996
Ambloplites rupestris 60-80 [3-4 days at 20.5-21°C] 70.0 °C * day Scott and Crossman, 1973
Ambloplites rupestris In our study 4.33, in other 4 [At 20.4°C], 48 to 53 hours [At 22-23°C], 3 days 22.5 °C * day Noltie and Keenleyside, 1987
Ambloplites rupestris 3-4 days at 69-70°F or 10-12 days at 60°F 3.5 °C * day Goodyear, 1982
Lepomis gibbosus 150-155 152.5 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Lepomis gibbosus 84, i.e. 3 days at 28°C 84.0 °C * day Internet, 2005
Lepomis gibbosus 84, i.e. 3 days at 28°C 84.0 °C * day Scott and Crossman, 1973
Lepomis gibbosus 38-50 DD, i.e., 48 hours at 19.0-25.0°C 44.0 °C * day Rue, 2001
Micropterus dolomieui 60 up to 120 60.0 °C * day Internet, 2005
Micropterus dolomieui 40-50 DD for the beginning of hatching and 75-80 DD for 90% of at least 90 percent hatched 45.0 °C * day Siefert, 1974
Micropterus dolomieui 60-65 [About 3 days at 21°C] 62.5 °C * day Meyer, 1970
Micropterus salmoides 40-60 [max 130 at 10°C] 50.0 °C * day Heidinger, 1976
Micropterus salmoides 85-105 95.0 °C * day Spillmann, 1961
Micropterus salmoides 50-100 75.0 °C * day Newburg, 1975
Micropterus salmoides 85-105 95.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Micropterus salmoides 60-80 [3-4 days at 20°C] 70.0 °C * day Carrel and Schlumberger, 2001
Micropterus salmoides About 40-50 [Initial hatch after 50 hours and 90% hatch after 64 hours at 23°C and sometime between 31 and 47 at 23°C respectively] 45.0 °C * day Carlson and Siebert, 1974
Dicentrarchus labrax 40-50 45.0 °C * day Fishbase, 2006
Dicentrarchus labrax 48-54 [Hatching takes 87 hours at 15°C and 69 hours at 17°C] 51.0 °C * day Saka, 2001
Dicentrarchus labrax 62 [13°C], 50 [15°C] and 51 [17°C] 62.0 °C * day Dechauvelle and Coves, 1988
Dicentrarchus labrax 70 DD [112 hour at 15°C] 70.0 °C * day Barnabé, 1980
Morone americana 60-70 65.0 °C * day Scott and Crossman, 1973
Morone americana 24-50 [30 hr at 20°C, 44 to 50 hr at 18°C, 60-72 hr at 15°C] 37.0 °C * day Stanley and Danie, 1983
Morone americana [24 hours at 15.6-20°C to 144 hours at 11.1-15.6°C] 17.8 °C * day Morgan II and Jasin, 1982
Morone chrysops 50-80 65.0 °C * day Internet, 2005
Morone chrysops 30 30.0 °C * day Scott and Crossman, 1973
Morone chrysops 30-40 35.0 °C * day Kohler, 1997
Morone chrysops 60-70 [4 days at 16°C and 3 days at 19°C] 65.0 °C * day Siefert, 1974
Morone saxatilis 40-50 [70-74 hours at 14.4-15.6°C, and 48 hours at 17.8-19.4°] 45.0 °C * day Scott and Crossman, 1973
Morone saxatilis 40 [2 days at 17-18°C] 17.5 °C * day Internet, 2005
Morone saxatilis [33-36 hours at 21-22°C] 34.5 °C * day Woods III, 1992
Gymnocephalus cernuus 130-150 140.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Gymnocephalus cernuus 100-120 [5-12 at 10-15°C] 110.0 °C * day Crosier, 2005
Gymnocephalus cernuus 100-120 [8-10 at 10-15°C] 110.0 °C * day Craig, 2000
Gymnocephalus cernuus About 90 [5-6 days at 16°C] 5.5 °C * day Brown, 1998
Gymnocephalus cernuus 136 136.0 °C * day Kovac, 1998
Gymnocephalus cernuus [From 1962 to 2032 degree hour, 50% at 2032, others give 67.5 to 174] 1997.0 °C * day Bonislawska, 2004
Perca flavescens 229-300 [About 27 days at 8.5-12°C] 264.5 °C * day Mansueti, 1964
Perca flavescens From 250, 216, 208 to 118 DD : 51 [5.4], 27 [8.0°C], 13 [16°C], 6 [19.7°C] 250.0 °C * day Heidinger and Kayes, 1986
Perca flavescens 80-110 [At a temperature of 15°C] 95.0 °C * day Kestemont and Mélard, 2000
Perca fluviatilis 182-202 192.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Perca fluviatilis 104 104.0 °C * day Spillmann, 1961
Perca fluviatilis 180-216 198.0 °C * day Thorpe, 1977
Perca fluviatilis 136-243 are the extreme values [mean 152, 166 at temperature of 8.3°C and 8°C respectively] 189.5 °C * day Dalimier, 1982
Perca fluviatilis About 200, i.e. 20 days at 10.5 [Most died at T below 7.7°C° 200.0 °C * day Treasurer, 1983
Perca fluviatilis Mass hatching at 179.7 [6.3°C], 218 [7°C], 158 [11.3°C], 141 [17.2°C], 114 [19.6°C] for the year 1963 179.7 °C * day Kokurewicz, 1969
Perca fluviatilis 80-110 [At a temperature of 15°C] 95.0 °C * day Kestemont and Mélard, 2000
Perca fluviatilis 120-200 [At 10-18°C] 160.0 °C * day Dubois, 2001
Perca fluviatilis This study: 126 [At 14°C] [The number of thermal untis (D°) from egg fertilization to hatching varies within a surprisingly wide range (if one is to believe different authors) from 90 through 175 at 12-14°C, to as many as 223 and 195] 13.0 °C * day Korzelecka, 1998
Perca fluviatilis 90 [Effective day-degrees] 90.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Perca fluviatilis The incubation temperature was 11.1°C until the time of 50% hatching (day 19) 11.1 °C * day Jentoft, 2006
Sander lucioperca 110-120 115.0 °C * day Hovarth, 1992
Sander lucioperca Mass hatching at 137.5 [6.3°C], 213 [8.2°C], 193 [12.6°C], 149.8 [16.2°C], 70.1 [21°C] 137.5 °C * day Kokurewicz, 1969
Sander lucioperca 70-110 90.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Sander lucioperca About 120-150 [i.e. 10-16 days at 12-15°C] 135.0 °C * day Spillmann, 1961
Sander lucioperca 100-110 105.0 °C * day Schlumberger and Proteau, 1993
Sander lucioperca 80-110 [At a temperature of 15°C] 95.0 °C * day Kestemont and Mélard, 2000
Sander lucioperca 100-110 105.0 °C * day Olivier and Schlumberger, 2001
Sander lucioperca 70-120 95.0 °C * day Deeler and Willemsen, 1964
Sander lucioperca 60-70 DD for the first and last 3-6 days at 14°C 65.0 °C * day Schlumberger and Proteau, 1991
Sander lucioperca Hatching usually occurs at 100-110 DD (at 14-15°C) but can occur earlier (65-90 DD) with a low viability if the eggs are small (diamer: 0.8-1 mm) 105.0 °C * day Schlumberger and Proteau, 1996
Sander lucioperca About 80 80.0 °C * day Szkudlarek and Zakes, 2007
Sander vitreus 120-150 [i.e. 11-13 days at 11-15°C] 135.0 °C * day Malison and Held, 1996a
Sander vitreus 120-150 [10 days at 12.8°C, 8.5 days at 17.8°C] 135.0 °C * day Colby, 1979
Sander vitreus 80-110 [At a temperature of 15°C] 95.0 °C * day Kestemont and Mélard, 2000
Sander vitreus 100-120 [12-18 at about 6.7-8.9°C] 110.0 °C * day Scott and Crossman, 1973
Sander vitreus 170-210 [Days to 95% hatch 14-18 [At 12.4-12.9°C] and 14-19 [12.1-13.2°C]] 190.0 °C * day Oseid and Smith, 1971
Coregonus lavaretus 230-350 290.0 °C * day Zuromska, 1982
Coregonus lavaretus 340 [At 2.7], 420 [4.9°C] and 363 [7.9°C] 340.0 °C * day Bagenal, 1970
Coregonus lavaretus Hatching began at highest salinity (6.2 ppt) at 220 degree-days after fertilisation. Time of hatching at 50% of larvae decreased from 616 degree-days at 0.2 ppt to 470 degree-days at 4.8 ppt and 239 degree-days at 6.2 ppt […] Percentage of abnormal free embryos was ~ 20 at 0.2-2.5 ppt but increased rapidly at higher salinities 1.35 °C * day Albert, 2004
Coregonus albula 400-500 450.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Coregonus albula About 500 [101 days at 4.9°C, optimal temperature] 500.0 °C * day Luczynski and Kirklewska, 1984
Coregonus albula 230-354 292.0 °C * day Zuromska, 1982
Coregonus albula 455 [Effective day-degrees] 455.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Coregonus albula The number of DD from fertilization to 50% hatching ranged from 203-547 depending on egg group and incubation temperature 375.0 °C * day Viljanen and Koho, 1991
Coregonus clupeaformis About 300 300.0 °C * day Harris and Huslman, 2001
Coregonus clupeaformis 300-400 350.0 °C * day Brooke, 1975
Coregonus clupeaformis 227.4-303.3 [Between 0.5-12.5°C] 265.35 °C * day Jensen, 1997
Coregonus clupeaformis 320 [Hatching occured between 84 and 101 days (mean of 94) at an average temperature of 3.4°C (± 0.3°C)] 320.0 °C * day Brown and Taylor, 1992
Coregonus clupeaformis 305 [2°C], 446 [4°C], 500 [5.9°C], 460 [7.8°C], 417 [10°C] 305.0 °C * day Mack and Billard, 1984
Hucho hucho 272 272.0 °C * day Barton, 1996
Hucho hucho 260-300 280.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Hucho hucho 240 [20 days at 12°C] 240.0 °C * day Holcik, 1990
Hucho hucho 232-266 249.0 °C * day Jatteau, 1991
Hucho hucho About 200 [19 days at 8-10°C] 9.0 °C * day Fishbase, 2006
Hucho hucho 230 [i.e. 23 days at 10°C at ca. optimum temperature] 230.0 °C * day Humpesch, 1985
Hucho hucho 232 DD at 10°C 232.0 °C * day Witokowski and Kokurewicz, 1981
Hucho hucho 173 [Effective day-degrees] 173.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Hucho hucho 294 at 7°C 294.0 °C * day Prawochensky and Kolder, 1968
Hucho hucho The beginning was on 285.5 DD, mass hatching begining on the 301DD, and hathcing finishing on the 331DD at an average temperature of 9.25°C 285.5 °C * day Penaz and Prihoda, 1981
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 500 500.0 °C * day Barton, 1996
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 592-608 [at 8°C, n= 6543] 600.0 °C * day Beacham and Murray, 1986
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 780-1030 905.0 °C * day Groot, 1996
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 545.0-674.9 [Between 5-12.5] 609.95 °C * day Jensen, 1997
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 500 500.0 °C * day Bascinar and Okumus, 2004
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 556 [9.6°C], 483 [6.0°C] and 492 [5.1°C] [58 at 9.6°C, 80.5 at 6.0°C, 96.6 at 5.1°C] 556.0 °C * day Murray and Beacham, 1986
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 420 [3°C], 570 [6°C], 690 [10°C], 696 [12°C] deduced from graph 420.0 °C * day Beacham and Murray, 1990
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 769 [Effective day-degrees] 769.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Oncorhynchus keta 400-600 500.0 °C * day Groot, 1996
Oncorhynchus keta 611 611.0 °C * day Barton, 1996
Oncorhynchus keta 540-600 [60 days at 8-10°C] 570.0 °C * day Fishbase, 2006
Oncorhynchus keta 498.2-544.5 [Between 5-12.5°C] 521.35 °C * day Jensen, 1980
Oncorhynchus keta 560 560.0 °C * day Bascinar and Okumus, 2004
Oncorhynchus keta 408-420 [3.4°C], 510-589 [9.7-9.9°C] 414.0 °C * day Bakkala, 1970
Oncorhynchus keta 450 [3°C], 528 [6°C], 550 [10°C] and 576 [12°C] 450.0 °C * day Beacham and Murray, 1990
Oncorhynchus keta 526 [Effective day-degrees] 526.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Oncorhynchus kisutch 417 417.0 °C * day Barton, 1996
Oncorhynchus kisutch 380-440 [38 days at 10.7°C, 48 at 8.9°C] 410.0 °C * day Scott and Crossman, 1973
Oncorhynchus kisutch 51-68 [At 8°C] to 149-185 [At 2°C] 59.5 °C * day Murray, 1990
Oncorhynchus kisutch 444.8-473.6 [Between 5-12.5°C] 459.2 °C * day Jensen, 1980
Oncorhynchus kisutch 420 420.0 °C * day Bascinar and Okumus, 2004
Oncorhynchus kisutch 390 [3°C], 420 [6°C], 500 [10°C], 480 [12°C] 390.0 °C * day Beacham and Murray, 1990
Oncorhynchus kisutch 476 [Effective day-degrees] 476.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Oncorhynchus mykiss 323 323.0 °C * day Barton, 1996
Oncorhynchus mykiss 290-340 315.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Oncorhynchus mykiss 309.8-354 [Between 5-12.5°C] for steelhead and 348.4-436.0 [Between 5-12.5°] for rainbow trout 331.9 °C * day Jensen, 1997
Oncorhynchus mykiss 310 310.0 °C * day Bascinar and Okumus, 2004
Oncorhynchus mykiss 330 [i.e. 33 days at 10°C at ca. optimum temperature] 330.0 °C * day Humpesch, 1985
Oncorhynchus mykiss 283-288 [Effective day-degrees] 285.5 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Oncorhynchus mykiss For female age 3: mean was 346 [At 9°C], 320 [At 10°C], 312 [at 12°C] and 308 [At 14°C] 3.0 °C * day Kamler and Kato, 1983
Oncorhynchus mykiss Hatching was recorded from 273°D (first day of observed hatched larvae) until 328°D (when all embryos were hatched) 273.0 °C * day Lizardo-Daudt and Kennedy, 2008
Oncorhynchus nerka 560-720 [140 days at 4°C, 48 at 15°C] 640.0 °C * day Scott and Crossman, 1973
Oncorhynchus nerka [120-124 at 5°C, 74-77 at 9°C, 51-54 at 12.2] 122.0 °C * day Hendry, 1998
Oncorhynchus nerka 630-640 635.0 °C * day Parensky, 2002
Oncorhynchus nerka 613.8-693.2 [5-12.5] 653.5 °C * day Jensen, 1997
Oncorhynchus nerka 670 670.0 °C * day Bascinar and Okumus, 2004
Oncorhynchus nerka 465 [3°C], 600 [6°C], 700 [10°C], 720 [12°C] 465.0 °C * day Beacham and Murray, 1990
Oncorhynchus nerka 769 [Effective day-degrees] 769.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha 417 417.0 °C * day Barton, 1996
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha 550 550.0 °C * day Internet, 2005
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha From 390-540 465.0 °C * day Kerr and Grant, 1999
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha 511.8-527.5 [Between 5-12.5] 519.65 °C * day Jensen, 1997
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha 420 420.0 °C * day Bascinar and Okumus, 2004
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha 480.3 to 491.4 [for different populations at 12.4°C], 480.3 °C * day Kinnison, 1998
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Incubation time to 50% hatching varied inversely with temperature from 95d (556 tu) at 6°C, to 71 d (556 tu) at 8°C, to 55 days (534 tu) at 10°C and 44 days (520 tu) at 12°C 50.0 °C * day Heming, 1982
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha 480 [3°C], 540 [6°C], 550 [10°C], 504 [12°C] 480.0 °C * day Beacham and Murray, 1990
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha 476 [Effective day-degrees] 476.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Salmo salar 453 [12°C], 492 [10°C], 504 [8°C] 453.0 °C * day Gunnes, 1979
Salmo salar 430-504 467.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Salmo salar 430-480 455.0 °C * day Dumas and Darolles, 1999
Salmo salar 440 440.0 °C * day Porcher and Baglinière, 2001
Salmo salar 440 440.0 °C * day Scott and Crossman, 1973
Salmo salar 280 at 1.31°C [Heat sum to 50% hatch] 280.0 °C * day Heggberget and Wallace, 1984
Salmo salar 400 [110 days at 3.9°C] 400.0 °C * day Kerr and Grant, 1999
Salmo salar 458.5-501.2 [Between 5-12.5°C] 479.85 °C * day Jensen, 1997
Salmo salar 430 [Also 250, 270, 350, 406, 458, 497] 430.0 °C * day Bascinar and Okumus, 2004
Salmo salar 463 [Time hatching commenced, between 5.2-11.7°C, 400 [2°C], 505 [4°C], 520 [6°C], 530 [8°C], 475 [10°C], 450 [12°C]] 8.45 °C * day Perterson and Martin-Robichaud, 1995
Salmo salar 540-600 [56 at 11°C and 65 at 8.3°C] 570.0 °C * day Dumas, 1966
Salmo salar 639 [Effective day-degrees] 639.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Salmo salar The heated-water group hatched at between 473 and 505 degree-days and the ambient-temperature group at between 452 and 487 degree-days 473.0 °C * day Johnston and McLay, 1997
Salmo salar Hatching took place between 17 March and 1 April (about 520 degree-days) 17.0 °C * day Berg, 2001
Salmo trutta fario 394 394.0 °C * day Barton, 1996
Salmo trutta fario 350-420 [Water temperature about 10°C] 385.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Salmo trutta fario 400 400.0 °C * day Ombredane, 2001
Salmo trutta fario From 425.6 to 437.3 425.6 °C * day Vollestad and Lillehammer, 2000
Salmo trutta fario 325.5-452.0 [Between 5-12.5°C] 388.75 °C * day Jensen, 1997
Salmo trutta fario 410 410.0 °C * day Bascinar and Okumus, 2004
Salmo trutta fario About 400 [Mean number of days to 50% hatching was 50 at 8.3 ±1.1] 8.3 °C * day Olsen and Vollestad, 2001
Salmo trutta fario 365-455 410.0 °C * day Bonislawska, 2000
Salmo trutta fario 360 [i.e. 72 days at 5°C at ca. optimum temperature] 360.0 °C * day Humpesch, 1985
Salmo trutta fario 470 [Effective day-degrees] 470.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Salmo trutta fario Related to water temperature, the egg development time from fertilization to hatching ranges from 260 to 520 degree-days […]Duration of egg incubation of wild females and farmed females was the same (355-380 DD) 367.5 °C * day Randak, 2006
Salvelinus alpinus 443.2 [8°C]- 464.8 [4°C] 443.2 °C * day Guillard, 1992
Salvelinus alpinus 425 [mean value] 425.0 °C * day Barton, 1996
Salvelinus alpinus 450 450.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Salvelinus alpinus 400-500 450.0 °C * day Pavlov, 1994
Salvelinus alpinus 326.5-447.8 [Between 5-12.5] 387.15 °C * day Jensen, 1997
Salvelinus alpinus 370 [i.e. 74 days at 5°C at ca. optimum temperature] 370.0 °C * day Humpesch, 1985
Salvelinus alpinus 454.4 ± 2.2 [But also These sampling corresponded approximatively to the end of the hatching period at 462 DD] 454.4 °C * day Dumas, 1995
Salvelinus alpinus 380-450 [Rate of development varied with the water temperature, eggs taking on an average 45 days to hatch at 10°C and 95 days at 4°C] 415.0 °C * day Swift, 1965
Salvelinus alpinus 577 [Effective day-degrees] 577.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Salvelinus alpinus Degree-days for incubation very from 400 to 450 (based on Figure 4) 400.0 °C * day Atse, 2002
Salvelinus alpinus The time from egg fertilization to hatch is 350-500°C-days, depending upon the source of eggs and the incubation conditions 425.0 °C * day Jobling,1998
Salvelinus fontinalis 416 416.0 °C * day Pennel and Barrington (79), 1996
Salvelinus fontinalis 350-500 425.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Salvelinus fontinalis 500 500.0 °C * day Scott and Crossman, 1973
Salvelinus fontinalis From 219 to 490 for temperatures of 1.5-6 3.75 °C * day Groot, 1996
Salvelinus fontinalis 430.8-481.8 [Between 5-12.5°C] 456.3 °C * day Jensen, 1997
Salvelinus fontinalis 415, at a mean of 7.98°C [Also in other studies: 235-444] 339.5 °C * day Bascinar and Okumus, 2004
Salvelinus fontinalis 491 [Hatching started] to 523 [50% hatching] 491.0 °C * day Bascinar, 2003
Salvelinus fontinalis 370 [i.e. 74 days at 5°C at ca. optimum temperature] 370.0 °C * day Humpesch, 1985
Salvelinus fontinalis 503.9 ± 0.9 [But also These sampling corresponded approximatively to the end of the hatching period at 462 DD] 503.9 °C * day Dumas, 1995
Salvelinus fontinalis 559 [Effective day-degrees] 559.0 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Salvelinus fontinalis After 100% hatching occurred, varying 437 DD, 416 DD and 458 DD, water temperature was gradually increased to 8°C 100.0 °C * day Roche-Mayzaud, 1998
Salvelinus namaycush 500 500.0 °C * day Perrin, 2001
Salvelinus namaycush 440 440.0 °C * day Pennel and Barrington (79), 1996
Salvelinus namaycush 490 490.0 °C * day Bascinar and Okumus, 2004
Salvelinus namaycush Hatching occured several weeks before the experiments at about 450-500 DD 475.0 °C * day Gunn and Noakes, 1987
Salvelinus namaycush About 500-550 [Initial hatch after 70 days and 90% hatch after 81 days at 7°C and 49 and 56 at 10°C respectively] 525.0 °C * day Carlson and Siebert, 1974
Stenodus leucichthys 180-200 [180-220 at 0.1-1.2°C] 190.0 °C * day Belyaeva, 2005
Stenodus leucichthys 360, i.e. about 91 at 4°C 360.0 °C * day Sturn, 1994
Thymallus thymallus 150-220 185.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Thymallus thymallus 160-170 [Under the usual incubation conditions (9.0-10.5°C), mass hatching of lake grayling occured at 16-17 days] 165.0 °C * day Zaytsev, 1986
Thymallus thymallus 200 [About 20 days at 10°C] 200.0 °C * day Persat, 2001
Thymallus thymallus 180-220 200.0 °C * day Northcote, 1995
Thymallus thymallus About 130-340 235.0 °C * day Haugen and Vollestad, 2000
Thymallus thymallus 180-200 190.0 °C * day Northcote, 1993
Thymallus thymallus 200 [i.e. 20 days at 10°C at ca. optimum temperature] 200.0 °C * day Humpesch, 1985
Thymallus thymallus About 200, vary between 150-230 according to different authors 190.0 °C * day Bardonnet and Gaudin, 1990
Thymallus thymallus Hatch after a period of 177 degree-days 177.0 °C * day Scott, 1985
Thymallus thymallus 113-138 [Effective day-degrees] 125.5 °C * day Kamler, 2002
Thymallus thymallus At mean water temperature of 10.2°C, the incubation (till the hatching of 50% of embryos) lasts, in one experiment, 165.2 DD), in the second one, 174.8 DD, at 13.0°C, 130.9 DD. [Described by other authors as: 137 DD at 11.42°C (range 9-13.2°C) and 139 DD at 9.92 (range 6.5-12.75°C), start at 150 and peak hatching at 170, ended at 190 with temperature 8-12°C 11.1 °C * day Penaz, 1975
Thymallus thymallus Average evaluation 172 DD. The embryonic development from fertilization till mass hatching is from 122 to 246 DD in laboratories and from 205 to 258 DD in cultures in Lopuszna 172.0 °C * day Kokurewicz, 1980
Thymallus thymallus 180-200 appears the closest to reality, also described as low as 160°D 190.0 °C * day Vivier, 1958
Thymallus thymallus L'incubation a necessité 200 degré-jours en 1982 (dont 110 jusqu'à l'apparition des yeux) pour un température moyenne de 8.5°C. En 1983, elle en a nécessité 220 (190 à 230 selon les pontes) (T= 9°C). Ces valeurs se situent plutôt au-dessus de celles citées dans la litérature: 200, 180 [At 7°C], 177 [AT 8°C] 200.0 °C * day Carmie, 1985
Thymallus arcticus 120-140 130.0 °C * day Scott and Crossman, 1973
Thymallus arcticus 156-181 168.5 °C * day Northcote, 1995
Thymallus arcticus The eggs required 186.24 day-degrees to hatch. Also found that eggs reuqired 176.75 day-degrees to hatch at a mean daily temperature of 7.07°C 186.24 °C * day Kratt and Smith, 1977
Thymallus arcticus Range from 124 [At 15.5°C] to 209 [At 8.8°C], mainly 140-180 160.0 °C * day NO REFERENCE
Thymallus arcticus 216.5 [At 8.8°C], also described at 250 216.5 °C * day Bishop, 1971
Cottus gobio About 300 300.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Cottus gobio About 300 [i.e. 30 days at 11°C] 300.0 °C * day Spillmann, 1961
Cottus gobio 240 [20 at 12°C] 240.0 °C * day Persat, 2001
Ameiurus nebulosus About 125-180 152.5 °C * day Internet, 2005
Ameiurus nebulosus 140-180 160.0 °C * day Scott and Crossman, 1973
Ictalurus punctatus About 150 150.0 °C * day Internet, 2005
Ictalurus punctatus 130-140 135.0 °C * day Makeeva and Emel'yanova, 1993
Ictalurus punctatus 140-150 145.0 °C * day Scott and Crossman, 1973
Silurus glanis Hatching takes place after 60-70 day°C 65.0 °C * day Horvath, 1977
Silurus glanis 50-60 55.0 °C * day Hovarth, 1992
Silurus glanis 50-70 60.0 °C * day Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Silurus glanis 60 60.0 °C * day Linhart, 2002
Silurus glanis 50 [Hatch about 2.5 days at 18-20°C] 19.0 °C * day Linhart, 2005
Silurus glanis Approximately 2.5 days after fertlization at 23°C 2.5 °C * day Linhart, 2005b
Osmerus eperlanus From 60-110 to 140-180 85.0 °C * day Belyanina, 1969
Osmerus eperlanus 29 days [6-7°C], 25 days [7-8°C], 19 days [9-10°C], 11 days [12°C], 8 days at [16.5°C] 6.5 °C * day Buckley, 1989
Osmerus eperlanus 21.1 days [At 9.5°C], 16.1 days [At 10.8°C], 13.6 days [At12.0°C], 10.5 days [At 13.8°C], and 6.7 days [At 18.3°C] 21.1 °C * day Gorodilov and Melnikova, 2006
Osmerus eperlanus The fish hatch as larvae after 17 days at 12°C 17.0 °C * day Sepulveda, 1994