Egg - Incubation time



Species Primary Data Secondary Data References
Anguilla anguilla 2-3.3 [Mass hatching occured after 50-80 hours, being completed after 70-110 hours] 2.65 days Prokhorchik, 1988
Anguilla anguilla 2-4.5 (mean 2.5) 3.25 days Lecompte-finiger, 1994
Anguilla anguilla "2-5 [Mass hatching after about 50-60h, range 47-120 [5 days at 20, but ""the surviving embryos had a delayed hatch on day 5 after fertilisation""]" 3.5 days Pedersen, 2003
Anguilla anguilla 2 [48 hour] 2.0 days Pedersen, 2004
Alosa alosa 7 7.0 days Billard, 1997
Alosa alosa 4-8 6.0 days Spillmann, 1961
Alosa alosa 4-8 6.0 days Bensettiti and Gaudillat, 2002
Alosa alosa About 4 [At 18-20°C] 19.0 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Alosa alosa 4-8 6.0 days Taverny, 2000
Alosa alosa 4-8 6.0 days Maitland and Hatton-Ellis, 2000
Alosa fallax 3-5 4.0 days Bensettiti and Gaudillat, 2002
Alosa fallax 3-5 4.0 days Taverny, 2000
Alosa fallax 4-5 4.5 days Spillmann, 1961
Alosa fallax 4-8 6.0 days Doherty, 2004
Alosa fallax 4-6 5.0 days Maitland and Hatton-Ellis, 2000
Alosa fallax 3-5 [Incubation takes 72 to 120 hours depdning on temperature] 4.0 days Aprahamian, 2001
Alosa sapidissima 8-12 [11-15°C] or 17 [12°C] 10.0 days Internet, 2005
Alosa sapidissima 8-12 days at 11-15°C 10.0 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Alosa sapidissima 7 [15.50°C], 13.50 [12.00°C] 7.0 days Fishbase, 2006
Alosa sapidissima 2-17 [But 12-15 at 12°C] 9.5 days Everly and Boreman, 1999
Alosa sapidissima 4-6 [15-18°C], 6-8 [17°C], 8-12 [11-15°C] 5.0 days Mills, 2004
Alosa sapidissima 2-17 depeding on temperature 9.5 days Rue, 2001
Alosa sapidissima 8-12 at 11-15°C 10.0 days Bradbury, 1999
Alosa sapidissima Development of eggs starts between 13°C and 17°C and increases rapidly between 17°C and 20°C 13.0 days Burdick and Hightower, 2005
Alosa sapidissima Hatching occured on June 13, i.e. 6-7 days at 16.6-19°C 6.5 days Zydlewski and McCormick, 1997
Alosa sapidissima Eggs were fertilized and reared in the laboratory at temperatures similar to those in the river (13.8-23.0°C). Hatching occurred 71 to 86 hours after fertilization 18.4 days Marcy, 1972
Alosa sapidissima Hatched from eggs 6 days after fertilization. […] The temperature of water during the egg incubation and larval development was 17-18°C 17.5 days Laiz-Carrion, 2003
Aphanius iberus 8-10 9.0 days Keith, 2001
Aphanius iberus 10-15 12.5 days Maitland, 1977
Valencia hispanica 12-14 days at 20-24°C 13.0 days Keith, 2001
Valencia hispanica 12-15 13.5 days Maitland, 1977
Barbatula barbatula 14-16 [At 12-16°C] 15.0 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Barbatula barbatula 14-16 15.0 days Bagenal, 1971
Barbatula barbatula Took 14-16 days at 12-16°C 15.0 days Smyly, 1955
Barbatula barbatula 16 days [14°C], 11 [18°C] and 7-8 [20°C] 7.5 days Sauvonsaari, 1971
Cobitis taenia 2-4 at 21°C 3.0 days Bohlen, 1999
Cobitis taenia 2-3 [22-25°C] 2.5 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Cobitis taenia 2-4 [17-21°C] 3.0 days Vaino and Saat, 2003
Cobitis taenia Data about a very long hatch time are also confusing: instead of some weeks we observed, in natural rearing conditions, fry hatched in two days [Eggs hatch in nature in few weeks, depending upon temperature, while at laboratory temperature (22-25°C) they hatch 42-48 hours after spawning.] 23.5 days Lodi and Malacarne, 1990
Cobitis taenia 8 days at 15°C 8.0 days Bensettiti and Gaudillat, 2002
Cobitis taenia 3-4 days at 17.4°C 3.5 days Rasotto, 1992
Cobitis taenia 2.5 days at 20-24°C 22.0 days Bohlen, 1999b
Blicca bjoerkna 10-15 12.5 days Rinchard, 1996
Abramis brama 6-6.5 in natural conditions 6.25 days Sidorova, 2005
Abramis brama 3-12 [9 at 20°C, 10 at 18°C] 7.5 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Abramis brama 9 [14.2°] 9.0 days Diamond, 1985
Abramis brama 4-8 up to 11 [At 11°C] 6.0 days Backiel and Zawiska, 1968
Abramis brama 8-12 [9.8°C] to 3.2 [16.2°C] 10.0 days Herzig and Winkler, 1986
Abramis brama 64-78 hours at 20°C 71.0 days Penaz and Gajdusek, 1979
Abramis brama Increase in temperature from 11.2 to 23°C reduces the number of days from 12.5 to 3 11.2 days Brylinska and Boron, 2004
Abramis brama The hatch took place after seven days of incubation (at 13-15°C) 14.0 days Gerasimov and Stolbunov, 2007
Abramis brama Based on graph => 220 hours [at 15°C] and 100 hours [at 25°C]. Regression equation for 50% of hatched embryos was Y = 910.1 - 65.88X + 1.318 X² (R² = 0.994) 33.44 days Kucharczyk, 1997
Alburnoides bipunctatus About 10 10.0 days Spillmann, 1961
Alburnoides bipunctatus The incuabtion (to the stage of 50 per cent embryos hatched) lasts at average temperature of 19.67°C 100 hours and and tempertaure of 16.43°C 147 hours 50.0 days Penaz, 1976
Alburnus alburnus 14-21 17.5 days Spillmann, 1961
Alburnus alburnus 15-20 17.5 days Rinchard, 1996
Alburnus alburnus 14-21 17.5 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Alburnus alburnus About one week No data Coad, 2006
Alburnus alburnus 2.3-2.7 days [55-65 hours at 22.9] 2.5 days Baros, 1979
Aristichthys nobilis 1-2 1.5 days Horvath, 1992
Aristichthys nobilis 34-36 hour [23-25°C], 50-70 h [18-20°C] 35.0 days Abdusamadov, 1986
Aristichthys nobilis One day after fertilization, larval carp will hatch No data Schrank, 2001
Aristichthys nobilis Eggs started to hatch after about 18 Hour of incubation at 27-28°C 27.5 days Santiago, 2004
Aristichthys nobilis Hatching occured whitin 48 h after fertilization at 24.5°C 48.0 days Kilambi and Zdinak, 1981
Aristichthys nobilis About 1 days after fertilization at 22-26°C 24.0 days Jennigs, 1988
Aspius aspius 9-10 9.5 days Coad, 2005
Aspius aspius 10-15 at 12-16°C 12.5 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Aspius aspius 10-17 13.5 days Keith and Allardi, 2001
Aspius aspius 10-17 13.5 days Bensettiti and Gaudillat, 2002
Barbus barbus 3.5-6 [At 17-24°C] 4.75 days Philippart, 1989
Barbus barbus 7-21 according to temperature 14.0 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Barbus barbus 7-14 10.5 days Spillmann, 1961
Barbus barbus 4 days [At 23°C] 4.0 days Vandewalle, 1993
Barbus barbus Mean of 6 days at 17.5°C 6.0 days Krupka and Meszaros, 1993
Barbus barbus Mean of 4 days 3 hours 4.0 days Penaz, 1971
Barbus barbus The moment at which 50% of embryos are hatched was 194 hours at 16°C, 131.7 hours at 18°C, 98 hours at 19.67°C and only 91 at 20.52°C [in other stidy described as 6 days at 17.1°C] 50.0 days Penaz, 1973
Barbus barbus Their incubation at water temperature of 20.2°C lasted 3 days and 15 hours from insemination to hatching of the first embryos, and 4 days and 11 hours to the hatching of the last embryos 20.2 days Krupta, 1988
Barbus barbus Incubated for six days at a mean temperature of 18.2 ± 0.1°C (108 degree-days), with 85.7% hatching sucess 144 hours after fertilization 18.2 days Policar, 2007
Carassius auratus About 7 7.0 days Spillmann, 1961
Carassius auratus Few days No data Horvath, 1992
Carassius auratus 5 [20°C], 3-4 [20-27.5°C] 3.5 days Internet, 2005
Carassius auratus 8 [20°C] 8.0 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Carassius auratus 3-4 [15.5-29.5], 64-72 hours [24-28°C], 76 hours at [25°C] 3.5 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Carassius auratus 3-7 days 5.0 days Scholfield, 2005
Carassius auratus [46 to 54 hours at 84°F, 4-14 days, 5-7 days at 70-75°F, 3-4 days at 18.5-29.5°C] 9.0 days Battle, 1940
Carassius auratus 6.0 [Mean time to egg hatch within the range of average post-spawning the range post-spawning water temperatures] 6.0 days Olden, 2006
Carassius auratus The mean time to 50% hatch at 27°C was 2.0 days in all four experiments, involving that temperature. At 22°C, the mean time to 50% hatch was 3.8 ±0.4 days and at 17°C it was 7.1 ± 0.4 days. At 12°C, the mean time to 50% hatch was more variable at 14.1 ±2.5 days. 3.8 days Wiegand, 1988
Carassius auratus Hatching occurs after 5-8 days 6.5 days Szczerbowski and Szczerbowski, 1996
Carassius auratus About 1 week 1.0 days Kestemont and Mélard, 1994
Carassius auratus Eggs hatch in 2-1/2 to 7 days at 82-60°F 1.5 days Goodyear, 1982
Carassius carassius 6 [18-19°C], < 3 days [24-28°C] 18.5 days Holopainen, 1997
Carassius carassius 3-7 5.0 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Carassius carassius 4-8 [6 days at 18.5°C] 6.0 days Fishbase, 2006
Carassius carassius Eggs incubate during 4-7 days 5.5 days Sczerbowski and Szczerbowski, 1996
Carassius carassius The incubation depends on temperature being approx. 4 days at 20°C and 2 days at 25-27°C 26.0 days Laurila and Holopainen, 1990
Chondrostoma nasus 14 14.0 days Spillmann, 1961
Chondrostoma nasus 10-30 20.0 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Chondrostoma nasus 4.58-7.34 [19°C], 8.52-11.66 [16°C], 15.07-20.70 [13°C] and 28.83-39-47 [10°C] 5.96 days Kamler, 1998
Chondrostoma nasus 5.8 [19°C], 10 [16°C], 17.7 [13°C], and 33.7 [10°C] 5.8 days Schiemer, 2003
Chondrostoma nasus 8-12 10.0 days Kamler and Keckeis, 2000
Chondrostoma nasus 33.7 days [At 10°C], 17.7 [At 13°C], 10.0 [At 16°C] and 5.8 days [At 19°C] 33.7 days Kamler, 1996
Chondrostoma nasus 7 days and 16 hours 7.0 days Penaz, 1971
Chondrostoma nasus At a mean temperature of 12°C, egg incubation lasted 11 days, and only 6 days at 14.7°C 12.0 days Halacka and Lusk, 1995
Chondrostoma nasus The mean duration of incubation (50% embryos hatched), at the overall mean temperature of 11.12°C was 20 days and 23 hours 50.0 days Penaz, 1974
Chondrostoma nasus Nase eggs hatched after 7 days at 17-18°C 17.5 days Prawochenski, 1964
Chondrostoma toxostoma 12-15 13.5 days Spillmann, 1961
Chondrostoma toxostoma 8 days at 15-18.5°C 16.75 days Gozlan, 1999
Ctenopharyngodon idella 1-2 1.5 days Horvath, 1992
Ctenopharyngodon idella 34-38 hours [24°] and 16-20 hours [28-30°C] 36.0 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Ctenopharyngodon idella 20-50 hourrs 35.0 days Le Houarn, 2001
Ctenopharyngodon idella 34-36 hour [23-25°C], 50-70 h [18-20°C] 35.0 days Abdusamadov, 1986
Ctenopharyngodon idella Hatched in 26-60 hours at 17-30°C, about 20-40 43.0 days Cudmore and Mandrak, 2004
Ctenopharyngodon idella 20-24 hours 22.0 days Khan, 2004
Ctenopharyngodon idella Hatching occured whitin 48 h after fertilization [At 24.5°C] 48.0 days Kilambi and Zdinak, 1981
Ctenopharyngodon idella 1.5 [Mean time to egg hatch within the range of average post-spawning the range post-spawning water temperatures] 1.5 days Olden, 2006
Ctenopharyngodon idella Hatch between 18 and 30 hours at T>20°C, and developp normaly 18.0 days Scott and Crossma, 1973
Ctenopharyngodon idella Lasts from 16 to 60 hours at temperatures ranging from 30 to 17°C 16.0 days Shireman and Smith, 1983
Cyprinus carpio 3-4 3.5 days Horvath, 1992
Cyprinus carpio 3.75 at 25°C 3.75 days Linhart, 1995
Cyprinus carpio 4-5 4.5 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Cyprinus carpio 3-5 at 20°C 4.0 days Internet, 2005
Cyprinus carpio 6-10 [Natural conditions] 8.0 days Mickaels, 1988
Cyprinus carpio 5 days at 20°C 5.0 days Lafaille and Crivelli, 2001
Cyprinus carpio Mass hatching at 4 days at 20°C, range from 3-5.6 4.3 days Witeska, 1995
Cyprinus carpio 4.0 [Mean time to egg hatch within the range of average post-spawning the range post-spawning water temperatures] 4.0 days Olden, 2006
Cyprinus carpio Hatching of embryos began at 51 hours and finished at an age of 57.5 hours. The peak was observed at 54 hours at 25°C 51.0 days Penaz, 1983
Cyprinus carpio At 20°C, the fertilized eggs of common carp take 101-104 hours to incubate, at 25°C, 49-53 hours, at 30°C, 47-50 hours 102.5 days Naca, 1989
Cyprinus carpio At 20°C carp eggs hatch after approximatively 3.5 days 20.0 days Smith, 2004
Cyprinus carpio Time from egg activation to mass hatching,in hours was: 75 [At 19.2-22.4°C], 126 [At 18-20.9°C], 171.5 [At 14.7-20.9°C] 20.8 days Matlak, 1970
Cyprinus carpio Eggs hatch in 1-3 weeks 2.0 days Goodyear, 1982
Cyprinus carpio They concluded that eggs laid on the marsh vegetation would normally hatch within 3-6 days after fertilization depending on water temperature 4.5 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Gobio gobio 14-28 21.0 days Spillmann, 1961
Gobio gobio 5-6 at 20°C 5.5 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Gobio gobio 7-8 days at 17.5°C 7.5 days Kennedy and Fitzmaurice, 1972
Gobio gobio In the Mohelno locality, it lasted 7 days at daily mean water temperature of 16.9°C and in laboratory, 150 hours (5days) at 19.5°C. At mean water temperature of 20.14°C, the first embryos hatched in the 190th hour of development, i.e. on the 5th days after insemination of the eggs. Hatcing ended in the 164th hour of development, i.e., on the 7th day after insemination of the eggs. Other authors: 8.5 daysat 16°C, 8 days at 17.5°Cand 6 at 18°C 7.0 days Penaz and Prokes, 1978
Gobio gobio The hatching of eggs from females not treated hormonally started on average 71 hours after fertilization with the range of 66 to 79 hours. Most eggs hatched within 39 hours from the start of hatching. All embryos hatched within 136 hours after fertilization. 71.0 days Palikova and Krejci, 2006
Gobio gobio 6 days at 20°C 6.0 days Brunet and Hoestlandt, 1972
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix 1-2 1.5 days Horvath, 1992
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix 14-17 hour at 28-30°C 15.5 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix 29-36 hour at 20°C 32.5 days Billard, 1997
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix 34-36 hour [23-25°C], 50-70 hour [18-20°C] 35.0 days Abdusamadov, 1986
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix 61 hours [At 18°C], 50 [20°C], 24 [25°C], 18 [28°C], 16 [30°C] 61.0 days Naca, 1989
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Hatch from the envelopped at pahse 19 a day after fertilization (water temperature 26-28°C) 27.0 days Burlakov,2006
Leucaspius delineatus 10 10.0 days Billard, 1997
Leucaspius delineatus 5-6 [22-24°C], 6-7 [21°C] 5.5 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Leucaspius delineatus 3-3.5 [At 24.7°C], also described as 6-7 days [At 21-22°C], and 4 [At 25-26°C] 3.25 days Pinder and Gozlan, 2004
Leucaspius delineatus 5 days at 20°C, also described as 4 days in 20°C, also described as 5-6 days in 22-23.6°C 5.5 days Bonislawska, 1999
Leuciscus cephalus 4 at 15°C 4.0 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Leuciscus cephalus 3 at 18°C 3.0 days Changeux and Le Louarn, 2001
Leuciscus cephalus 4 days at 18°C 4.0 days Harzevili, 2003
Leuciscus cephalus Middle time of incubation was either 170.3 or 74.4, both at 18°C [In other studies described as 97 hours at 18°C] 170.3 days Penaz and Sterba, 1969
Leuciscus cephalus 75.5 hours at 18°C 75.5 days Penaz, 1968
Leuciscus cephalus At 16620°C incubation period ranges from 150 to 75.4 hours 112.7 days Zelepien, 1997
Leuciscus idus 4 at 18°C 4.0 days Harzevili, 2004
Leuciscus idus In constant temperatures at 7°C incubation lasts 27 days, at 22°C only 5 days. In other studies: 5.5-23 days [At 9.3-13.8°C], 17 days [At 10-12°C], 24 days [At 3-12°C], 11-12 days [At 9.5-15°C], 22 days [At 10.5-17°C], 24-30 days [At 9.2°C] and 9-10 days [10-20.5°C] 14.25 days Witkowski, 1997
Leuciscus leuciscus 25 25.0 days Spillmann, 1961
Leuciscus leuciscus 25-30 days at 11-13°C 27.5 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Leuciscus leuciscus About 4 weeks, more precisely 20-23 [12°C], 29-30 [10°C] 21.5 days Kennedy, 1969
Leuciscus leuciscus 25 [At 13°C] and 28 [At 12°C] 25.0 days Wurtz-Arlet, 1950
Leuciscus leuciscus Take 25-30 days to hatch in a typical river temperatures 27.5 days Mills, 1981
Leuciscus leuciscus Fertilization to larvae (2-4 days after hatching): 26-32 days (mostly 30) at 10°C 3.0 days Mann and Mills, 1985
Phoxinus phoxinus NO INFORMATION No data Spillmann, 1961
Phoxinus phoxinus 3-10 [4-5 at 13-14°C] 6.5 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Phoxinus phoxinus 14-17 15.5 days Fishbase, 2006
Phoxinus phoxinus 6-7 [18-21°C] 6.5 days Papadopol and Weinberger, 1975
Phoxinus phoxinus 4-5 4.5 days Bagenal, 1971
Phoxinus phoxinus 5 days [18°C], 12 [7°C], in their experiments : At an age around 4 days hatching of the embryo begins. The difference in the time of hatching of embryos from different eggs in one batch at a temperature of 16°C may be as much as 12 hours 5.0 days Soin, 1982
Phoxinus phoxinus 4-5 days 4.5 days Frost, 1943
Phoxinus phoxinus 5.75 days [At 16°C], 4 [At 20°C] 5.75 days Kestemont and Mélard, 1994
Pimephales promelas 4 days at 25°C 4.0 days Duffy, 1998
Pimephales promelas 4.5-6 at 25°C 5.25 days Kerr and Grant, 1999
Pimephales promelas About 4-6 days at 77°F, at 25°C 5.0 days Goodyear, 1982
Pimephales promelas About 5 days at 61-77°F 69.0 days Markus, 1934
Pseudorasbora parva 12 [15-21°C], 5-7 [21-23°C], 6-8 [20°C] 18.0 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Pseudorasbora parva 4 [24-28°C], 5 [23-26°C] 26.0 days Makeyeva and Mokamed, 1982
Pseudorasbora parva The embryonic development at water temperature of 20-28°C takes 4-8 days 24.0 days Witkowski, 2006
Rhodeus sericeus 1.5 1.5 days Smith, 2004
Rhodeus sericeus 14-21 [To leave the mussel ?] 17.5 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Rutilus rutilus 8-15 11.5 days Spillmann, 1961
Rutilus rutilus 2-5 3.5 days Rinchard, 1996
Rutilus rutilus Vast majority hatch in one day but can occur after 6 days at a mean temperature of 15.7°C and after 12 days at 14.5°C 6.0 days Diamond, 1985
Rutilus rutilus 4-10 7.0 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Rutilus rutilus About 10 10.0 days Vollestad, 1987
Rutilus rutilus About 10-17 days at 10-14°C 13.5 days Bohlen, 1999b
Rutilus rutilus Eggs ware expected to hatch in approximatively 9 days at 18°C 9.0 days Kort, 2004
Rutilus rutilus Embryos hatched between 7 and 10 days post-fertilization 7.0 days Paull, 2008
Scardinius erythrophthalmus 8-15 11.5 days Spillmann, 1961
Scardinius erythrophthalmus 7-8 [at 14-15°C] 7.5 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Scardinius erythrophthalmus 5 [19.5-22.5] 21.0 days Breteler, 1979
Scardinius erythrophthalmus 5 days [19°C], 3 says [24°C], 3 [20-22°C] 21.0 days Korzelecka and Winnicki, 1998
Tinca tinca 3 [At optimum incubation temperature] 3.0 days Horvath, 1992
Tinca tinca 6-8 [Depending on the temperature] 7.0 days Spillmann, 1961
Tinca tinca 2-5 3.5 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Tinca tinca 2 [25°C] or 3 [20°C] 2.0 days Laurila, 1987
Tinca tinca 2.5 [2 days and 13 hours at 24°C] 2.5 days Geldhauser, 1995
Tinca tinca 2.5-3 [2.73 days at 22°C] 2.75 days Kamler, 1995
Tinca tinca 3.1 [The development in egg-shells, i.e. the embryonic phase or the icubation period up to peak hatching, lasted 76 hours at the mean temperature of 19.6°C] 3.1 days Penaz, 1981
Tinca tinca 71.2 hours [20°C], 48.5 h [22.5°C], 36.3 [25°C], 30 [27.5°C] 71.2 days Penaz, 1989
Tinca tinca At 20°C, first larvae hatch at the age of 72 hours post activation, maximum hatching occurs at the age of 76 hours 20.0 days Kubu and Kouril, 1985
Tinca tinca Hatching begins 36 hours after fertilization at 24.5°C 36.0 days Carral, 2006
Vimba vimba 3-3.5 3.25 days Coad, 2005
Vimba vimba 2-3 2.5 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Vimba vimba 2-10 6.0 days Keith and Allardi, 2001
Vimba vimba 8.2 [13.2°C], 3 [19.1°C] 8.2 days Herzig and Winkler, 1986
Vimba vimba 5-10 7.5 days Maitland, 1977
Vimba vimba 5 at about 18-20°C [Also described at 3.5-4 days at 13-15°C] 19.0 days Wajdowicz, 1974
Vimba vimba Hatching occurred on the 5th day within 6 hours after reaching 80-90 degree-days 85.0 days Lusk, 2005
Vimba vimba Embryonic development lasts for 3-4 days at 20-24°C, but can extend to 7 days at lower temperatures 3.5 days Luszczek, 2008
Gambusia affinis The gestation period is 21-28 days 24.5 days Internet, 2005
Gambusia affinis A normal gestation period for moquitofish is 3-4 weeks 3.5 days Meefe, 1987
Gambusia affinis The ovarian events between two successive parturitions were summarized as follows: active vitellogenesis (days 0-3), maturation and fertilization (days 3-5), progress of embryonic developmentand beginning of vitellogenesis for the following gestation (day 10), and pre-parturition and progress of vitellogenesis (day 20). 1.5 days Koya, 2000
Esox masquinongy 8-14 days at 11.7-17.2 11.0 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Esox masquinongy 8-15 days at 50-62°F 11.5 days Goodyear, 1982
Esox masquinongy 8-14 11.0 days Pennslylvania fishes, 2006
Esox masquinongy 8-14 at 53-63 °F 11.0 days Wynne, 2006
Esox masquinongy Require 10 days to hatch at 15°C 10.0 days Farrell, 2005
Esox masquinongy Eggs hatch in 2 to 3 weeks 2.0 days Clemmons and Newman, 1997
Esox niger 6-12 9.0 days Coffie, 1998
Esox niger 6-12 9.0 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Esox niger 6-12 9.0 days Anonymous, 2006
Esox niger 6-12 9.0 days Wynne, 2006
Esox lucius 8-15 11.5 days Hovarth, 1992
Esox lucius 10-12 11.0 days Spillmann, 1961
Esox lucius 15-30 [Depending on the water temperature] 22.5 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Esox lucius 30.9 [5.8°C], 15.2 [9.0°C], 9.4 [12.0°C], 6.3 [15°C], 4.7 [18°C] 30.9 days Chauveheid and Billard, 1983
Esox lucius 10-12 [At 11.5°] 11.0 days Dorier, 1938
Esox lucius 10-11 10.5 days Bryan, 1967
Esox lucius 23-29 [6°C], 4-5 [18°C] 26.0 days Fishbase, 2006
Esox lucius 12-14 days at prevailing water temperatures, but 4-5 days at 17.8-20°C 13.0 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Esox lucius 10-14 days 12.0 days Kennedy, 1969
Esox lucius 14-21 17.5 days Bagenal, 1971
Esox lucius 12-14 [At 10°C], but 4-5 [17.8-20.0°C] 13.0 days Kerr and Grant, 1999
Esox lucius 13 [Mean time to egg hatch within the range of average post-spawning the range post-spawning water temperatures] 13.0 days Olden, 2006
Esox lucius 11-12 [At 12°C] 11.5 days Wurtz, 1944
Esox lucius Yolk-sac fry hatched 8-12 days after fertilization at 15°C 10.0 days Giles, 1986
Esox lucius Eggs hatch in 1-3-1/2 weeks, usually in 10-18 days at 52-42°F 2.0 days Goodyear, 1982
Lota lota 30-60 45.0 days Persat, 2001
Lota lota 30 days at 5.5°C 30.0 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Lota lota 30 [6.1°C], 71 [0-3.6°C] 1.8 days Fishbase, 2006
Lota lota Eggs incubate for 3-4 months 3.5 days Bradbury, 1999
Lota lota Takes about 30 days to hatch 30.0 days Anonymous, 2003
Lota lota Last about 3 months at 1°C, also described as 27-60 days, 77-78 days. 43.5 days Kujawa, 2002
Lota lota Eggs hatch in 30 days at 43°F 30.0 days Goodyear, 1982
Gasterosteus aculeatus 7 7.0 days Internet, 2005
Gasterosteus aculeatus 8 [17-18°C], 15 [8-9°C] 17.5 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Gasterosteus aculeatus 6 [17°C] 6.0 days Fishbase, 2006
Gasterosteus aculeatus 7 [19°C] 7.0 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Gasterosteus aculeatus 10-17 13.5 days Poulin and Fitzgerald, 1989
Gasterosteus aculeatus 6.5-8.5 [At 20°C], hatcing time is decreased in freshwater 7.5 days Belanger, 1987
Gasterosteus aculeatus Eggs hatch in 4-27 days 15.5 days Goodyear, 1982
Pungitius pungitius 8-15 at 10°C 11.5 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Pungitius pungitius 10-20 15.0 days Lafaille and Feunteun, 2001
Pungitius pungitius 7 days at 18°C 7.0 days Fishbase, 2006
Pungitius pungitius 4-6.75 days [96 hours at 20°C, 162 hours at 15°C] 5.375 days Shadrin, 1996
Pungitius pungitius Embryogenesis lasts about seven days (162 hours) at 15°C 162.0 days Shadrin and Ozernyuk, 2002
Pungitius pungitius Eggs hatch in 9 days or less, in 4 or 5 days at 64-66°F 65.0 days Goodyear, 1982
Ambloplites rupestris 3-4 3.5 days Carrel, 2001
Ambloplites rupestris 3-4 days at 20.5-21°C 3.5 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Ambloplites rupestris 5 days in natural conditions 5.0 days Gross and Nowell, 1980
Ambloplites rupestris 3-4 3.5 days Kerr and Grant, 1999
Ambloplites rupestris 3-4 days at 69-70°F or 10-12 days at 60°F 3.5 days Goodyear, 1982
Ambloplites rupestris 3.5 [Mean time to egg hatch within the range of average post-spawning the range post-spawning water temperatures] 3.5 days Olden, 2006
Ambloplites rupestris In our study 4.33, in other 4 [At 20.4°C], 48 to 53 hours [At 22-23°C], 3 days 22.5 days Noltie and Keenleyside, 1987
Lepomis gibbosus 3 [At 28°C] 3.0 days Internet, 2005
Lepomis gibbosus 2-3 2.5 days Carrel, 2001
Lepomis gibbosus 3 [At 28°C] 3.0 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Lepomis gibbosus 3 3.0 days Kerr and Grant, 1999
Lepomis gibbosus 48 hours at 19.0-25.0 22.0 days Rue, 2001
Lepomis gibbosus 4.0 [Mean time to egg hatch within the range of average post-spawning the range post-spawning water temperatures] 4.0 days Olden, 2006
Lepomis gibbosus Eggs hatch in 10 days or less, in 3 days at 82°F 10.0 days Goodyear, 1982
Micropterus dolomieui 2.5 [25.6], 10 [12.8] 2.5 days Internet, 2005
Micropterus dolomieui 4-10 [Natural conditions in Canada] 7.0 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Micropterus dolomieui 2-4 days 3.0 days Rue, 2001
Micropterus dolomieui 12 days [12.8°C], 2-3 days [23-25°C] 2.5 days Kerr and Grant, 1999
Micropterus dolomieui 5.5 [Mean time to egg hatch within the range of average post-spawning the range post-spawning water temperatures] 5.5 days Olden, 2006
Micropterus dolomieui 2-4 [Between 20-25°C] 3.0 days Siefert, 1974
Micropterus dolomieui About 3 days at 21°C 3.0 days Meyer, 1970
Micropterus dolomieui Egg incubation asted 4 days at water temperatures ranging between 15.2 and 18.2°C in natural conditions) 4.0 days Turner and MacCrimmon, 1970
Micropterus dolomieui Eggs hatch in 2-15 days at 70-55°F 8.5 days Goodyear, 1982
Micropterus salmoides 2 at 22°C (2 to 4 days in natural conditions) 2.0 days Heidinger, 1976
Micropterus salmoides 5-6 at 17°C 5.5 days Spillmann, 1961
Micropterus salmoides 2 at 22°C, 5 at 19°C 2.0 days Newburg, 1975
Micropterus salmoides 2-4 (in natural conditions in Alabama) 3.0 days Williamson, 1993
Micropterus salmoides 2 [22°C], 5 [18.9°C] 2.0 days Internet, 2005
Micropterus salmoides 3-4 days at 20°C 3.5 days Carrel and Schlumberger, 2001
Micropterus salmoides 3-5 days in natural conditions in Canada 4.0 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Micropterus salmoides 3-4 days when temperature is between 18.4-19.6°C 3.5 days Kerr and Grant, 1999
Micropterus salmoides 6.0 [Mean time to egg hatch within the range of average post-spawning the range post-spawning water temperatures] 6.0 days Olden, 2006
Micropterus salmoides About 4-5 days at 21°C 4.5 days Meyer, 1970
Micropterus salmoides 4 days 4.0 days Jurgens and Brown, 1954
Micropterus salmoides Hatching was complete within 48 hours from the time of fertilization, at 70-72°F 71.0 days Tebo and McCoy, 1964
Micropterus salmoides Eggs hatch in 2-15 days 8.5 days Goodyear, 1982
Dicentrarchus labrax 2.3 [17°C], 4.7 [13°C] 2.3 days Fishbase, 2006
Dicentrarchus labrax 2.9-3.6 [Hatching takes 87 hours at 15°C and 69 hours at 17°C], and in all other studies carried out on sea bass egg 93 hours at 13 and 115 at 13°C for 100% hatching 3.25 days Saka, 2001
Dicentrarchus labrax Meadian hatch at 72 hours at 16°C 72.0 days Katavic, 1989
Dicentrarchus labrax [Mean of 115 ± 5 hours [At 13°C], 81 ± 3 hours [15°C] and 72 ± 2 [17°C]] 115.0 days Dechauvelle and Coves, 1988
Dicentrarchus labrax 112 hours at 15°C, but vary from 70-120 hours dpeending on temperature 95.0 days Barnabé, 1980
Dicentrarchus labrax 48-72 hours at 16-17°C 60.0 days Cerda, 1994
Morone americana 4-4.5 at 15°C 4.25 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Morone americana 2-4 [30 hr at 20°C, 44 to 50 hr at 18°C, 60-72 hr at 15°C] 3.0 days Stanley and Danie, 1983
Morone americana 1.5-2.0 1.75 days Everly and Boreman, 1999
Morone americana 1-6 3.5 days Rue, 2001
Morone americana In about 2 days 2.0 days North and Houde, 2001
Morone americana 24 hours at 15.6-20°C to 144 hours at 11.1-15.6°C 17.8 days Morgan II and Jasin, 1982
Morone chrysops 4.5 [14°C], 3-4 [16°C] but 1 day at 26°C 3.5 days Internet, 2005
Morone chrysops 2 [15.6°C] 2.0 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Morone chrysops 1.5-2 [36-48 hours at 16-18°C] 1.75 days Kohler, 1997
Morone chrysops Eggs hatch within 46 hours at 15.6°C 46.0 days Anonymous, 2006 Chapter 3
Morone chrysops 3.0 [Mean time to egg hatch within the range of average post-spawning the range post-spawning water temperatures] 3.0 days Olden, 2006
Morone chrysops 4 days at 16°C [Between 77 to 93 hours] and 3 days at 19°C 4.0 days Siefert, 1974
Morone chrysops Eggs hatch in 46 hours at 60°F 46.0 days Goodyear, 1982
Morone saxatilis 2 days at 17-18°C 17.5 days Internet, 2005
Morone saxatilis 48 hours at 17-20 18.5 days Rue, 2001
Morone saxatilis 3.0 [Mean time to egg hatch within the range of average post-spawning the range post-spawning water temperatures] 3.0 days Olden, 2006
Morone saxatilis 29-48 hours 38.5 days Burdick and Hightower, 2005
Morone saxatilis In about 2 days 2.0 days North and Houde, 2001
Morone saxatilis 74 hours at 58°F and 48hours at 67°F 74.0 days Merriman, 1937
Morone saxatilis 34-36 hours at 21-22°C 35.0 days Woods III, 1992
Morone saxatilis Hatching of viable eggs was completed by 54 h after fertilization at 19 +/- 0.5°C 19.0 days Monteleone and Houde, 1990
Morone saxatilis Larvae hatched within 3 days post-fertilization at 16.1°C 3.0 days Martin-Robichaud and Peterson, 1998
Morone saxatilis Hatched in approximatively 42 hours at 19°C 42.0 days Harrell, 2002
Morone saxatilis Development is rapid, eggs hatch in about 48 hours 48.0 days Macintosh and Duston, 2007
Gymnocephalus cernuus 5-12 [At 10-15°C] 8.5 days Ogle, 1998
Gymnocephalus cernuus 5-12 [At 10-15°C] 8.5 days Crosier, 2005
Gymnocephalus cernuus About 10 10.0 days Spillmann, 1961
Gymnocephalus cernuus 8-10 [at 10-15°C] 9.0 days Craig, 2000
Gymnocephalus cernuus [First hatching at 123 hours and 50% left the egg shells 4 hour later, the last larvae hatched within additional 5 hour in their experiment, others give: from 4.5 at 15-16°C to 27-29 at 6°C] 15.5 days Bonislawska, 2004
Gymnocephalus cernuus 8-12 10.0 days Maitland, 1977
Gymnocephalus cernuus 5-6 [At 16°C] 5.5 days Brown, 1998
Perca flavescens 51 [5.4], 27 [8.0°C], 13 [16°C], 6 [19.7°C] 51.0 days Heidinger and Kayes, 1986
Perca flavescens 27 days [8.5-12°C] 10.25 days Mansueti, 1964
Perca flavescens 8-10 9.0 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Perca flavescens 20-27 days at peak temperatures 23.5 days Rue, 2001
Perca flavescens 8-10 9.0 days Kerr and Grant, 1999
Perca flavescens 8-10 9.0 days Anonymous, 2006 Chapter 3
Perca flavescens 10-20 days 15.0 days Whiteside, 1983
Perca flavescens 9.0 [Mean time to egg hatch within the range of average post-spawning the range post-spawning water temperatures] 9.0 days Olden, 2006
Perca flavescens Hatching occurred within 12-14 days of fertilization 13.0 days Fulford, 2006
Perca flavescens Eggs hatched to days after fertilization No data Jentoft, 2002
Perca fluviatilis 7 [17°C], 19 [10°C] 7.0 days Thorpe, 1977
Perca fluviatilis 15 at 13.5°C 15.0 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Perca fluviatilis 8 at 13°C 8.0 days Spillmann, 1961
Perca fluviatilis 14-27 20.5 days Dalimier and Voss, 1982
Perca fluviatilis 27 [At 6.6°C] to 14 [11.8°C] 27.0 days Dalimier, 1982
Perca fluviatilis 8-16 12.0 days Fishbase, 2006
Perca fluviatilis 8 8.0 days Bagenal, 1971
Perca fluviatilis The incubation temperature was 11.1°C until the time of 50% hatching (day 19) 11.1 days Jentoft, 2006
Sander lucioperca 6-10 8.0 days Hovarth, 1992
Sander lucioperca 10-16 13.0 days Spillmann, 1961
Sander lucioperca 12 [10°C], 3-4 [20°C] 3.5 days Deeler and Willemsen, 1964
Sander lucioperca Depending on the temperature, the larval development takes 5-9 days 7.0 days Lehtonen, 1996
Sander lucioperca 7 days at 15°C 7.0 days Schlumberger and Proteau, 1993
Sander vitreus 11-13 [11-15°C] 12.0 days Craig, 2000
Sander vitreus 12-18 15.0 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Sander vitreus 12-18 15.0 days Fishbase, 2006
Sander vitreus 12-18, as early as 7 days [13.9°C] to 26 days [4.4°C] 15.0 days Kerr and Grant, 1999
Sander vitreus 12-18 15.0 days Anonymous, 2006 Chapter 3
Sander vitreus 15.0 [Mean time to egg hatch within the range of average post-spawning the range post-spawning water temperatures] 15.0 days Olden, 2006
Sander vitreus 26 days at 5.5-12.2°C 8.85 days Hurley, 1972
Sander vitreus Days to 95% hatch 14-18 [At 12.4-12.9°C] and 14-19 [12.1-13.2°C] 16.0 days Oseid and Smith, 1971
Sander vitreus Days to median hatch: 34 days at [6°C], 27 [8.9°C], 15 [12°C], 10 [15.°C], 7 [18.1°C] 34.0 days Koenst and Smith, 1976
Sander vitreus 26 [At 4.4°C], 21 [At 10-12.8°C], 7 [At 13.9°C] 11.4 days Malison and Held, 1996b
Sander vitreus 14 days, temperature not specified 14.0 days Moodie, 1989
Coregonus lavaretus 190 190.0 days Bogdanov, 1984
Coregonus lavaretus 90-100 95.0 days Coad, 2006
Coregonus lavaretus 45-125 [340 degree days [At 2.7°C], 420 [4.9°C] and 363 [7.9°C]] 85.0 days Bagenal, 1970
Coregonus lavaretus About 100 100.0 days Maitland, 1977
Coregonus lavaretus The eggs were stripped from broodstock in November and incubated in jars. Hatching took place on 4-5 April 4.5 days Koskela and Eskelinen, 1992
Coregonus lavaretus The time of the onset and average duration (days) of the same stages of embryonic development of Coregonus lavaretus baunti 78-81 and duration : 79, and Coregonus lavaretus 200-220, and duration 210. 79.5 days Chernyaev, 2007
Coregonus albula 45 [9.9°C] to 183 [1.1°C] 45.0 days Luczynski and Kirklewska, 1984
Coregonus albula 100-120 110.0 days Maitland, 1977
Coregonus albula [November to early May] No data Karjalainen, 1991
Coregonus albula In natural conditions vary, from a mean of 64.7 days (range 58-71), mean of 80.4 (range 74-88), mean of 113.6 (range 108-121) 64.5 days Wilkonska, 1994
Coregonus albula Eggs from Lake Pyhäselkä, incubated in the laboratory at 2.3°C, reached 50% hatching after 182 days incubation, but the same group in the lake at a temperature of 2.1°C, reached 70% hatching after 174 days, eggs from Lake Orivesi, incubated in the laboratory, (at 2.4°C), reached 50% hatching after 169 days, but eggs in the lake (2°C) reached 74% hatching after 164 days. Overall incubation days to 50% hathcing ranged from 119-217 168.0 days Viljanen and Koho, 1991
Coregonus clupeaformis 140-150 days at 2.0-2.2°C 145.0 days Harris and Huslman, 2001
Coregonus clupeaformis 59 [7.8°C], 111.5 [4.0], 152.5 [2.0] 59.0 days Brooke, 1975
Coregonus clupeaformis 140 [0.5°C] 140.0 days Fishbase, 2006
Coregonus clupeaformis 150-170 160.0 days Kerr and Grant, 1999
Coregonus clupeaformis 60.7 [5°C], 34.6 [7.5°C], 24.0 [10°C] and 18.2 [12.5°C] for 50% hatch 60.7 days Jensen, 1997
Coregonus clupeaformis About 140 days 140.0 days Anonymous, 2006 Chapter 3
Coregonus clupeaformis 4-6 months 5.0 days Bradbury, 1999
Coregonus clupeaformis Hatching occured between 84 and 101 days (mean of 94) at an average temperature of 3.4°C (± 0.3°C) 84.0 days Brown and Taylor, 1992
Hucho hucho 138.2 [2°], 50 [6°C], 20.4 [12°C], 13.5 [16°C] 138.2 days Jungwirth and Winkler, 1984
Hucho hucho About 30 30.0 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Hucho hucho 20 days at 12°C 20.0 days Holcik, 1990
Hucho hucho About 30 30.0 days Perrin, 2001
Hucho hucho 31 31.0 days Jatteau, 1991
Hucho hucho Estimates of the number of days required for 50% of egg to hatch: 55 [5°C], 23 [10°C], and 14 [15°C] [In different populations: 32 [At 5.1-16.0°C], 18 [At 4.0-16.0°C]] 10.55 days Humpesch, 1985
Hucho hucho About 3 weeks at 12°C 3.0 days Jungwirth, 1978
Hucho hucho The beginning was on the 31st day, mass hatching begining on the 32nd day, and hathcing finishing on the 34th day at an average temperature of 9.25°C 31.0 days Penaz and Prihoda, 1981
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 103 [10°C], 139 [7°C], 195 [4°C] 103.0 days Groot, 1996
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 74-76 at 8°C for 50% hatching with n = 6543 [124-128 at 4°C and 52-54 at 12°C] 75.0 days Beacham and Murray, 1986
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 61-130 days at 4.5°C 95.5 days Fishbase, 2006
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 109.0 [5°C], 80.9 [7.5°C], 63.0 [10°C] and 54.0 [12.5°C] for 50% hatch 109.0 days Jensen, 1997
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 54.8 [10.5°C], 58 [9.6°C], 61.8 [9.7°C], 74.3 [7.3°C], 80.5 [6.0°C], 87.7 [5.2°C], 96.6 [5.1°C] and 133.6 [2.9°C] 54.8 days Murray and Beacham, 1986
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 140 [3°C], 95 [6°C], 69 [10°C], 58 [12°C] deduced from graph 140.0 days Beacham and Murray, 1990
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 50% hatch at: 39.8 [14°C], 47.2 [11°C], 72.2 [8°C], 99 [5°C] 50.0 days Murray and McPhail, 1988
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 9-10 weeks at 12± 0.5°C 12.0 days Macquarrie, 1979
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 74 [7°C], 69 [9°C], 62 [11°C], 51 [13°C] and 47 [15°C] 74.0 days Kwain, 1982
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha Egg development from fertilization to 50% hatch at various constant temperatures: 125 days [At 3.0°C], 98.8 days [At 6°C], 74 days [At 8°C], 61 days [At 10.4°C], 47 days [At 15°C] 50.0 days Velsen,1987
Oncorhynchus keta 180 [3-4°C in natural conditions], 240 [1-8°C in natural conditions] 3.5 days Leman, 1993
Oncorhynchus keta 117-122 in natural conditions 119.5 days Volobuev and Volobuev, 2000
Oncorhynchus keta 99.6 [5°C], 72.3 [7.5°C], 54.4 [10°C] and 42.7 [12.5°C] for 50% hatch 99.6 days Jensen, 1997
Oncorhynchus keta 46 [7-15°], 62-63 [11-11.5°C], 122-128 [3.4°C] 11.0 days Bakkala, 1970
Oncorhynchus keta 150 [3°C], 88 [6°C], 55 [10°C] and 48 [12°C] deduced from graph 150.0 days Beacham and Murray, 1990
Oncorhynchus keta 44.3 [12.1°C], 49.2 [10.6°C], 65.9 [8.1°C], 88.6 [5.6°C], 113.6 [4.2°C] 44.3 days Murray and Beacham, 1987
Oncorhynchus keta 46.2 [14°C], 52.4 [11°C], 66.6 [8°C], 96.6 [5°C] 46.2 days Murray and McPhail, 1988
Oncorhynchus keta In Central coast: time to 50% hatching 186.8 [At 2.2°C], 124.5 [4.1°C] and 69.3 [8.1°C] 50.0 days Beacham and Murray, 1987
Oncorhynchus keta Egg development from fertilization to 50% hatch at various constant temperatures: 130.2 days [At 3.0°C], 80.8 days [At 6°C], 65.5 days [At 8.2°C], 57.5 days [At 10°C], 34 days [At 15.1°C] 50.0 days Velsen,1987
Oncorhynchus kisutch 137 [In natural conditions with T ranging from 0-3.5°C] 1.75 days Groot, 1996
Oncorhynchus kisutch 35-50, and as much as 115 42.5 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Oncorhynchus kisutch 6 or 7 weeks 6.0 days Fishbase, 2006
Oncorhynchus kisutch 150-165 157.5 days Granath, 2004
Oncorhynchus kisutch 2-5 months at 32-36°F 3.5 days Goodyear, 1982
Oncorhynchus kisutch 93.6 [5°C], 63.1 [7.5°C], 45.9 [10°C] and 35.6 [12.5°C] for 50% hatch 93.6 days Jensen, 1980
Oncorhynchus kisutch 130 [3°C], 70 [6°C], 50 [10°C], 40 [12°C] 130.0 days Beacham and Murray, 1990
Oncorhynchus kisutch 31.5 [14°C], 42 [11°C], 62.7 [8.0°C], 86.9 [5.0°C], 114.7 [2.0°C] 31.5 days Murray and McPhail, 1988
Oncorhynchus kisutch Egg development from fertilization to 50% hatch at various constant temperatures: 147 days [At 3.0°C], 78.3 days [At 6°C], 58 days [At 8.4°C], 44 days [At 10.2°C], 32 days [At 14.4°C] 50.0 days Velsen,1987
Oncorhynchus mykiss 28-49 38.5 days Groot, 1996
Oncorhynchus mykiss 4-7 weeks 5.5 days Fishbase, 2006
Oncorhynchus mykiss 4-7 weeks 5.5 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Oncorhynchus mykiss About 8 weeks 8.0 days Coad, 2006
Oncorhynchus mykiss 103.5 [3.9°C] and 19 [15°C] 103.5 days Kerr and Grant, 1999
Oncorhynchus mykiss 70.7 [5°C], 47.2 [7.5°C], 32.9 [10°C] and 24.8 [12.5°C] for 50% hatch for steelhead 70.7 days Jensen, 1997
Oncorhynchus mykiss 25.0 [Mean time to egg hatch within the range of average post-spawning the range post-spawning water temperatures] 25.0 days Olden, 2006
Oncorhynchus mykiss Estimates of the number of days required for 50% of egg to hatch: 73 [5°C], 33 [10°C], and 21 [15°C] [In different populations: 63 [At 4-13.0°C], 29-48 [At 3.4-18.9°C], 63 [At 3.1-15.4°C], 36-50[At 3-15°C], 26-31 [At 9-14°C]] 8.5 days Humpesch, 1985
Oncorhynchus mykiss 101 [3.23°C], 45 [7.2°C], 29.6 [10°C], 18 [15.5°C] 101.0 days Embody, 1934
Oncorhynchus mykiss For female age 3: mean was 38, range 34-41 [At 9°C], 32, range 28-36 [At 10°C], 26, range 23-29 [at 12°C] and 22, range 20-23 [At 14°C] 37.5 days Kamler and Kato, 1983
Oncorhynchus mykiss At 6°C, hatching occurs after 81 days 6.0 days Ninness, 2006
Oncorhynchus mykiss Rainbow trout embryo test organisms and control ones began to hatch 34 days after the start of fertilization. The control embryos hatched in 7-8 days 7.5 days Stasiunaite and Kazlauskiene, 2002
Oncorhynchus mykiss Egg development from fertilization to 50% hatch at various constant temperatures: 111 days [At 3°C], 51.9 days [At 6°C], 41 days [At 8°C], 34 days [At 10°C], 18 days [At 17.5°C] 50.0 days Velsen,1987
Oncorhynchus mykiss Time to 50% hatch in controls was 29 days 50.0 days Brauner and Wood, 2002
Oncorhynchus mykiss Rainbow trout hatch after approximately 22 days at 13°C 22.0 days Gibb, 2007
Oncorhynchus nerka 42-63 [Take 6 to 9 weeks in most areas but may require as long as 5 months] 52.5 days Fishbase, 2006
Oncorhynchus nerka 120-124 [5°C], 74-77 [9°C], 51-54 [12.2] 122.0 days Hendry, 1998
Oncorhynchus nerka 6-20 weeks at 59-39°F 13.0 days Goodyear, 1982
Oncorhynchus nerka 122.8 [5°C], 90.5 [7.5°C], 69.3 [10°C] and 55.4 [12.5°C] for 50% hatch 122.8 days Jensen, 1997
Oncorhynchus nerka 94.0 [Mean time to egg hatch within the range of average post-spawning the range post-spawning water temperatures] 94.0 days Olden, 2006
Oncorhynchus nerka 155 [3°C], 100 [6°C], 70 [10°C], 60 [12°C] 155.0 days Beacham and Murray, 1990
Oncorhynchus nerka 47 [14°C], 51.8 [11°C], 76.9 [8°C], 119.5 [5°C], 206.4 [2°C] 47.0 days Murray and McPhail, 1988
Oncorhynchus nerka Egg development from fertilization to 50% hatch at various constant temperatures: 177 days [At 3.2°C], 113.8 days [At 6°C], 80 days [At 8°C], 63 days [At 10°C], 44.6 days [At 15°C] 50.0 days Velsen,1987
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha 50-55 at 10-12.5°C 52.5 days Internet, 2005
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha 50-84 [7 to 9 weeks, and up to 12] 67.0 days Fishbase, 2006
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha 193 [2°C], 149 [3°C], 120 [4°C], 100 [5°C], 85 [6°C], 74 [7°C], 65 [8°C], 58 [9°C] 193.0 days Kerr and Grant, 1999
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Eggs usually hatch in less than 4 months 4.0 days Goodyear, 1982
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha 102.4 [5°C], 70.3 [7.5°C], 52.6 [10°C] and 42.1 [12.5°C] for 50% hatch 102.4 days Jensen, 1997
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha 95 [6°C], 71 [8°C], 55 [10°C], and 44 [12°C] 95.0 days Heming, 1982
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha At constant temperature: 204 [At 1.7°C], 157.5 [3.0°C], 120.1 [4.5°C], 76.8 [7.2°C], 46 [11.1°C], 41.9 [12.7°C] and 34.3 [15.3] and numerous other examples. At ambient temperatures: 172 [2.3°C], 132 [3.8°C], 112 [4.3°C], 97.6 [5.3°C], 62.5 [8.4°C], 42.3 [12.9°C] and 32.7 [15°C] 204.0 days Alderdice and Velsen, 1978
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha 160 [3°C], 90 [6°C], 55 [10°C], 42 [12°C] 160.0 days Beacham and Murray, 1990
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha 43.5 [12.1°C], 51.7 [10.5°C], 68.1 [8.4°C], 96.5 [5.5°C], 125.1 [4.4°C] 43.5 days Murray and Beacham, 1987
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha 38.4 [14°C], 46.9 [11°C], 67.1 [8.0°C], 101.5 [5°C], 202 [2.0°C] 38.4 days Murray and McPhail, 1988
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Egg development from fertilization to 50% hatch at various constant temperatures: 160.3 days [At 3.0°C], 95 [At 6°C], 69 days [At 8°C], 55 days [At 10°C], 33 days [At 15°C], 28 [At 18.1°C] 50.0 days Velsen,1987
Salmo salar 160 [1.1°C], 110 [3.9°C], 90 [7.2°C] 160.0 days Groot, 1996
Salmo salar Usually 110 days at 3.9°C 110.0 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Salmo salar 214-232 at 0.65-1.31°C [Time to 50% hatch] 223.0 days Heggberget and Wallace, 1984
Salmo salar 110 days at 3.9 [Up to 195 days] 110.0 days Kerr and Grant, 1999
Salmo salar 98.3 [5°C], 66.8 [7.5°C], 47.7 [10°C] and 35.4 [12.5°C] for 50% hatch 98.3 days Jensen, 1997
Salmo salar 56 [11°C] and 65 [8.3°C] [Total incubation times were: 56 days for eggs in 53°F water, 65 days for eggs in 47°F water] 56.0 days Dumas, 1966
Salmo salar 3 months in natural conditions at 7°C 3.0 days Bensettiti and Gaudillat, 2002
Salmo salar Eggs in the heated-water groups started to hatch on 27 January, 60 days post fertilization, and hatch was complete in all families by 31 January. Eggs incubated at ambient temperature hatched between 12 and 19 March (105 and 112 days post fertilization) 27.0 days Johnston and McLay, 1997
Salmo salar Time of beginning of stages (days) in freshwater salmon embryos: 114 +/- 1.3 [At 4.1°C], and 83 +/- 0.9 [At 5.7°C] 114.0 days Ryzhkov, 1979
Salmo salar 144 days after fertilization 144.0 days Berg, 2001
Salmo salar Eggs hatch in 110-200 days at 39°F or less, in mid-March to early May but usually in April 155.0 days Goodyear, 1982
Salmo salar The embryonic and larval development of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L,, which occurs in the gravel of redds between December and the beginning of April at the sourthen edge of the species range No data Dumas and Marty, 2006
Salmo trutta fario 239.4 [2°C], 117.4 [4°C], 54.2 [8°C], 33.8 [12°C] 239.4 days Jungwirth and Winkler, 1984
Salmo trutta fario 40 [10°C] 40.0 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Salmo trutta fario 48-52 [10.6°C], 30-33 [13.9°C] 50.0 days Kerr and Grant, 1999
Salmo trutta fario 105 [4°C], 50 [8°C], 40 [10°C] and 30 days [12°C] 105.0 days Ojanguren and Brana, 2003
Salmo trutta fario 90.4 [5°C], 57.9 [7.5°C], 38.3 [10°C] and 26 [12.5°C] for 50% hatch 90.4 days Jensen, 1997
Salmo trutta fario 44-48 days at 9.8 ±1.1°C 9.8 days Ojanguren, 1996
Salmo trutta fario Mean number of days to 50% hatching was 50 at 8.3 ±1.1 8.3 days Olsen and Vollestad, 2001
Salmo trutta fario Estimates of the number of days required for 50% of egg to hatch: 72 [5°C], 40 [10°C], and 29 [15°C] [In different populations: 49-69 [At 1.4-15.0°C]] 59.0 days Humpesch, 1985
Salmo trutta fario 148 [1.89°C], 122 [2.71°C], 95 [5.05°C], 46 [9.18°C] and 34.0 [11.24°C] 148.0 days Embody, 1934
Salmo trutta fario 50% hatch at 50 days at 8°C 50.0 days Luckenbach, 2001
Salmo trutta fario Number of fays from fertilisation to hatching 165 [At 2.8°C], 103 [At 5°C], 81 [At 6.6°C], 47 [At 10°C] and 32 [At 12.2°C] 165.0 days Gray, 1928
Salmo trutta fario Eggs hatch in 1-5 months at 57-35°F, usually in early February-early May 3.0 days Goodyear, 1982
Salvelinus alpinus 97 [4°], 36 [12°] 97.0 days Groot, 1986
Salvelinus alpinus 248.3 [2°C], 116.2 [4°C], 55.4 [8°C], 36.1 [12°C] 248.3 days Jungwirth and Winkler, 1984
Salvelinus alpinus 60-70 [At 4.4°C] 65.0 days Fishbase, 2006
Salvelinus alpinus 112-139 [3.1°C], 50-58 [8.9°C] 125.5 days Pavlov, 1994
Salvelinus alpinus 83-89 at 6°C 86.0 days Wedekind and Müller, 2004
Salvelinus alpinus 64-80 or 70-80 72.0 days Kerr and Grant, 1999
Salvelinus alpinus 60-80 70.0 days Bagenal, 1971
Salvelinus alpinus 89.6 [5°C], 56.8 [7.5°C], 37.8 [10°C] and 26.1 [12.5°C] for 50% hatch 89.6 days Jensen, 1997
Salvelinus alpinus Estimates of the number of days required for 50% of egg to hatch: 74 [5°C], 48 [10°C], and not evaluated at 15°C [In different populations: 74-166 [At 1.4-13.0°C], 101 [2.0-12.0], 42 [4.0-13.0], 56-72 [1.0-12.0]] 120.0 days Humpesch, 1985
Salvelinus alpinus 96.7 ± 1.0 [At 4°C], 75.7 ± 0.2 [6°C], 53.7 ± 0.3 [8°C], 41.3 ± 0.3 [10°C] and 35.5 ± 0.2 [12°C] 96.7 days Swift, 1965
Salvelinus alpinus About 85-90 at 6.4 ± 0.1 6.4 days Papst and Hopky, 1984
Salvelinus alpinus 90-106 days at 4.9°C (range 4.4-5.1°C) 98.0 days Valdimarsson, 2002
Salvelinus fontinalis 75 days at 9.4°C until emergence 75.0 days Mirza, 2001
Salvelinus fontinalis 100 days at 5°C 100.0 days Fishbase, 2006
Salvelinus fontinalis 100 [5°C], 75 [6.1°C], 50 [10°C] 100.0 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Salvelinus fontinalis About 100 in natural conditions 100.0 days Fraser, 1985
Salvelinus fontinalis 47 [10°C] to 165 [2.8°C] 47.0 days Coad, 2006
Salvelinus fontinalis 50 [Uniform temperature of 10°C], 100 days [4°C] 50.0 days Kerr and Grant, 1999
Salvelinus fontinalis 91.7 [5°C], 64.2 [7.5°C], 46.5 [10°C] and 34.5 [12.5°C] for 50% hatch 91.7 days Jensen, 1997
Salvelinus fontinalis 52 days at 7.98°C 52.0 days Bascinar and Okumus, 2004
Salvelinus fontinalis Hatching started on day 55, and 50% hatching occured on day 58 55.0 days Bascinar, 2003
Salvelinus fontinalis 109.0 [Mean time to egg hatch within the range of average post-spawning the range post-spawning water temperatures] 109.0 days Olden, 2006
Salvelinus fontinalis Estimates of the number of days required for 50% of egg to hatch: 74 [5°C], 44 [10°C], and not evaluated at 15°C [In different populations: 52-188 [At 1.4-15.4°C]] 120.0 days Humpesch, 1985
Salvelinus fontinalis 142.5 [1.64°C], 122 [3.02°C], 83 [5.65°C], 60 [7.86°C] and 31 [13.45°C] and numerous other examples 142.5 days Embody, 1934
Salvelinus fontinalis Eggs hatch in 32-165 days at 54-37°F, usually in February-March 98.5 days Goodyear, 1982
Salvelinus namaycush 105-147 126.0 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Salvelinus namaycush 105-147 [15-21 weeks] 126.0 days Perrin, 2001
Salvelinus namaycush 15-21 weeks, hatching normally occurs between mid-February and late March 18.0 days Fishbase, 2006
Salvelinus namaycush 105-147 [15-21 weeks at 0.3-1°C] 126.0 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Salvelinus namaycush Normally hatch in about 50 days at 10°C [15 to 21 weeks at temperatures between 0.1-10°C] 5.05 days Kerr and Grant, 1999
Salvelinus namaycush 150.0 [Mean time to egg hatch within the range of average post-spawning water temperatures] 150.0 days Olden, 2006
Salvelinus namaycush Incubate for 4-5 months over winter 4.5 days Bradbury, 1999
Salvelinus namaycush Initial hatch after 70 days and 90% hatch after 81 days at 7°C and 49 days and 56 days at 10°C respectively 70.0 days Carlson and Siebert, 1974
Salvelinus namaycush 162.3 [1.83°C], 86.3 [5.1°C], 80.5 [6.72°C], and 49 [10°C] 162.3 days Embody, 1934
Salvelinus namaycush Eggs hatch in 2-5 months at 47-35°F, in late January-May 3.5 days Goodyear, 1982
Stenodus leucichthys 180-220 200.0 days Belyaeva, 2005
Stenodus leucichthys 250-260 255.0 days Chereshnev, 2000
Stenodus leucichthys 180-200 190.0 days Coad, 2006
Thymallus thymallus 105.8 [2°], 41.4 [6°C], 16.7 [12°C], 10.8 [16°C] 105.8 days Jungwirth and Winkler, 1984
Thymallus thymallus 15-20 [10°C] 17.5 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Thymallus thymallus 16-21 [9.0-10.5°C] 18.5 days Zaytsev, 1986
Thymallus thymallus 18-30, and about 18-20 at 10°C 24.0 days Maitland, 1977
Thymallus thymallus Estimates of the number of days required for 50% of egg to hatch: 51 [5°C], 20 [10°C], and 11 [15°C] [In different populations: 17-28 [At 3.5-18.8°C], 12-16 [At 3.3-19°C], 17-29 [At 4.0-18.0°C]] 22.5 days Humpesch, 1985
Thymallus thymallus At mean water temperature of 10.2°C, the incubation (till the hatching of 50% of embryos) lasts, in one experiment, 387 hours, in the second one, 409 hours, at 13.0°C, 242 hours [Others stated: 22-23 days at 8.5-9°C, 22 days at 8-10°C, 14-25 at 8°C] 22.5 days Penaz, 1975
Thymallus thymallus Time of embryonic development till mass hatching is from 37 days at temperature 3.3°C to 7 days at temperature of 16.7°C. In Lopuszna hatchery hatching takes place after 27-46 days 36.5 days Kokurewicz, 1980
Thymallus thymallus 26 days [At 6.9°C], 15-16 days [At 10°C] 15.5 days Vivier, 1958
Thymallus arcticus 11-12 11.5 days Fishbase, 2006
Thymallus arcticus 13-18 days at 11-12°C 15.5 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Thymallus arcticus 16-18 days at 9°C 17.0 days Northcote, 1995
Thymallus arcticus 16.0 [Mean time to egg hatch within the range of average post-spawning the range post-spawning water temperatures] 16.0 days Olden, 2006
Thymallus arcticus Most eggs hatched after 14-19 days after fertilization 16.5 days Kaya, 1989
Thymallus arcticus 13.7 at 8.8°C 13.7 days Bishop, 1971
Cottus gobio 30 30.0 days Spillmann, 1961
Cottus gobio 20-25 [30 at 11°C] 22.5 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Cottus gobio 20 at 12°C 20.0 days Persat, 2001
Cottus gobio 4 weeks 4.0 days Bagenal, 1971
Cottus gobio 20-30 days 25.0 days Tomlinson and Perrow, 2003
Cottus gobio About 30 days at 11°C 30.0 days Bensettiti and Gaudillat, 2002
Ameiurus nebulosus 5 [At 25°C], 6-9 [20.6-23.3] 7.5 days Internet, 2005
Ameiurus nebulosus 6-9 [At 20.6-23.3] 7.5 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Ameiurus nebulosus 5-7 6.0 days Rue, 2001
Ameiurus nebulosus 5-20 days at 77°F 12.5 days Goodyear, 1982
Ameiurus nebulosus 7.5 [Mean time to egg hatch within the range of average post-spawning the range post-spawning water temperatures] 7.5 days Olden, 2006
Ameiurus nebulosus 13 days 13.0 days Internet, 2001
Ictalurus punctatus 7-10 [At 24-26°C], 6 [At 24°C] 8.5 days Internet, 2005
Ictalurus punctatus 4.5 [At 28-29°C], 5 [26-28°C] 28.5 days Makeeva and Emel'yanova, 1993
Ictalurus punctatus 5-10 days [15.6-27.8] 7.5 days Scott and Crossman, 1973
Ictalurus punctatus 5-10 days 7.5 days Grizzle, 1985
Ictalurus punctatus 6-7 [27°C], 9-10 [15.6-18.4°C], 5-10 [15.6-27.8°], eggs will not develop below 15.5°C and develop best at 27°C 6.5 days Kerr and Grant, 1999
Ictalurus punctatus 5-10 7.5 days Rue, 2001
Ictalurus punctatus Hatch in 5 days at 72-82°F and in 10 days at 60°F 77.0 days Goodyear, 1982
Ictalurus punctatus 7-10 8.5 days Anonymous, 2006 Chapter 3
Ictalurus punctatus 6.0 [Mean time to egg hatch within the range of average post-spawning the range post-spawning water temperatures] 6.0 days Olden, 2006
Ictalurus punctatus 5-8 at 25-28°C 6.5 days Legendre, 1997
Ictalurus punctatus 5 5.0 days Hecht, 1996
Silurus glanis 2.5-3 2.75 days Hovarth, 1992
Silurus glanis 2-3 days at 22-25°C 2.5 days Legendre, 1997
Silurus glanis 2.5 days at 23-25°C 24.0 days Stevic, 1997
Silurus glanis 2.5-3 [22°C] 2.75 days Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Silurus glanis 2.5-3 [At 22-23°C] 2.75 days Linhart, 2002
Silurus glanis About 2.5 days [at 18-20°C] 19.0 days Linhart, 2005
Osmerus eperlanus 10-14 12.0 days Belyanina, 1969
Osmerus eperlanus 29 days [6-7°C], 25 days [7-8°C], 19 days [9-10°C], 11 days [12°C], 8 days at [16.5°C] 6.5 days Buckley, 1989
Osmerus eperlanus 20-35 27.5 days Rochard, 2001
Osmerus eperlanus Hatching normally occurs after 20-35 days depending on temperature 27.5 days Quigley, 2004
Osmerus eperlanus Hatching completes at all temperatures: 200 ts, with ts 152 min at 9.5°C, 116 at 10.8°C, 98 at 12°C, 76 at 13.8°C and 48 at 18.3°C, i.e. : 21.1 days [At 9.5°C], 16.1 days [At 10.8°C], 13.6 days [At12.0°C], 10.5 days [At 13.8°C], and 6.7 days [At 18.3°C] 200.0 days Gorodilov and Melnikova, 2006