Spawning conditions - Spawning depth



Species Primary Data Secondary Data References
Anguilla anguilla Spawning grounds are about 400 meters 400.0 m Coad, 2005
Anguilla anguilla Around 100-200 m deep 150.0 m Deelder, 1970
Anguilla anguilla Spawning probably occurs at great depths No data Vollestad and Jonsson, 1986
Anguilla anguilla Releasing hormone treated mature female adults tagged with radio transmitters in the Sargasso Sea demonstrated a preference for the upper zone of the ocean at depths of 250-270 m 260.0 m Vincent, 2005
Alosa alosa Shallow : 0.50-1.50 m 1.0 m Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Alosa alosa Near the surface No data Spillmann, 1961
Alosa alosa In water less than 3 m deep 3.0 m Cassou-Leins, 2000
Alosa alosa 0.5-1.5 m 1.0 m Bengen, 1991
Alosa alosa In water depths of 0.5-1.5 m [Spawning involves much noisy splashing at the surface] 1.0 m Maitland and Hatton-Ellis, 2000
Alosa alosa From 0.95 to 1.60 m deep 0.95 m Boisneau, 1990
Alosa alosa Less than 2 meters 2.0 m Belaud, 2001
Alosa alosa Shallow No data Bensettiti and Gaudillat, 2002
Alosa fallax 1.5-3 2.25 m Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Alosa fallax In water less than 3 m deep [sometimes between 15-30 cm] 22.5 m Cassou-Leins, 2000
Alosa fallax Deep water [Depth not precised] No data Spillmann, 1961
Alosa fallax Less than 1.5 m 1.5 m Doherty, 2004
Alosa fallax Spawniing is a noisy affair, with much splashing and chasing near the surface No data Maitland and Hatton-Ellis, 2000
Alosa fallax 0.15 to 8 m 0.15 m Aprahamian, 2001
Alosa fallax 3-4 m water depth 3.5 m Lopez, 2007
Alosa sapidissima Near the surface No data Internet, 2005
Alosa sapidissima Shallow No data Everly and Boreman, 1999
Alosa sapidissima Near the surface: 0.9-12.2, or less than 3 meters 6.55 m Mills, 2004
Alosa sapidissima Shallow No data Rue, 2001
Alosa sapidissima Shallow, water less than 2 m 2.0 m Anonymous, 2006 Chapter 3
Alosa sapidissima Range from 0.2-12 m 6.1 m Bradbury, 1999
Alosa sapidissima A range of appropriate depths have been described between 0.45 m and 10.0 m. However in Neuse River, Amrican shad spawn almost entirely at depths of less than 2 m 0.45 m Burdick and Hightower, 2005
Alosa sapidissima Eggs were found at depths of 0.6 to 7.3 m. An almost equal number of eggs/hr were collected above 3 m as below 0.6 m Marcy, 1972
Aphanius iberus Shallow waters No data Keith, 2001
Aphanius iberus Shallow waters No data Maitland, 1977
Valencia hispanica Shallow No data Keith, 2001
Valencia hispanica Shallow waters No data Maitland, 1977
Barbatula barbatula Shallow waters No data Losange, 1999
Barbatula barbatula Shore waters No data Sauvonsaari, 1971
Cobitis taenia Shallow (0.3-0.8 m). 0.55 m Vaino and Saat, 2003
Cobitis taenia Shallow No data Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Cobitis taenia Shallow No data Billard, 1997
Cobitis taenia Shallow water No data Bolhen and Ritterbusch, 2000
Cobitis taenia Shallow No data Fishbase, 2006
Cobitis taenia Shallow No data Bensettiti and Gaudillat, 2002
Blicca bjoerkna Shallow water No data Fishbase, 2006
Blicca bjoerkna 0.5-1 m deep 0.75 m Environment agency, 1996
Blicca bjoerkna Shallow water areas No data Vetemaa, 2008
Abramis brama Shallow waters : 20-80 cm 50.0 m Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Abramis brama Near the surface No data Spillmann, 1961
Abramis brama Shallow waters No data Internet, 2005
Abramis brama Water depth ranges between 25 and 50 cm 25.0 m Poncin, 1996
Abramis brama In shallow waters < 30 cm 30.0 m Diamond, 1985
Abramis brama 0.4-2 m 1.2 m Olivier, 2001
Abramis brama Most common is 20 to 80 cm [From 9 cm to 17 m] 20.0 m Backiel and Zawiska, 1968
Abramis brama Depth of spawning grounds are usually to 0.5-1.5 m. Besides shallow, shore areas, A. brama may also spawn on more deeper grounds, 1.5-5.0 m, or even on quite deep grounds, from 6 to 20 meters in depth at a pressure about 3 atm 1.0 m Brylinska and Boron, 2004
Abramis brama Spawning grounds of bream in Estonia as relatively shallow places No data Vetemaa, 2008
Abramis brama Shallow waters No data Herzig and Winkler, 1986
Alburnoides bipunctatus Deep water No data Billard, 1997
Alburnoides bipunctatus Shallow water No data Persat, 2001
Alburnus alburnus Shallow waters No data Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Alburnus alburnus Shallow waters No data Rinchard, 1996
Alburnus alburnus Shallow waters No data Carrell and Olivier, 2001
Alburnus alburnus Shallow waters No data Coad, 2006
Alburnus alburnus Shallow waters No data Agence de l'eau,
Alburnus alburnus The roe of the bleak (Alburnus alburnus L.) was collected on evenings from artificial substrate (small branches of juniper placed in spawning areas - between coastal reeds) at the depth of 20-30 cm 25.0 m Winnicki and Korzelecka, 1997
Aristichthys nobilis Near the surface No data Kolar, 2005
Aristichthys nobilis Much to the activity is generally at the surface of the water No data Jennigs, 1988
Barbus barbus Shallow waters: 15-24 cm 19.5 m Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Barbus barbus 30-40 cm deep 35.0 m Philippart, 1987
Barbus barbus Shallow, less than 3 m 3.0 m Hancock, 1976
Barbus barbus Shallow No data Baras and Philippart, 1999
Barbus barbus Shallow: 15-24 cm 19.5 m Baras, 1993
Carassius auratus Shallow waters No data Internet, 2005
Carassius auratus Shallow No data Scott and Crossman, 1973
Carassius auratus Just before spawning fish go to shallow places overgrown with aquatic plants No data Sczerbowski and Szczerbowski, 1996
Carassius auratus 2-12 feet 7.0 m Goodyear, 1982
Carassius carassius Shallow areas of ponds No data Laurila, 1987
Carassius carassius Shallow water No data Fishbase, 2006
Carassius carassius Shallow water No data Sczerbowski and Szczerbowski, 1996
Chondrostoma nasus Shallow: about 0.20-0.50 m 0.35 m Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Chondrostoma nasus Near the shore No data Heckeis, 1996
Chondrostoma nasus Shallow No data Billard, 1997
Chondrostoma nasus Shallow No data Nelva, 2001
Chondrostoma nasus Shallow areas: 20-30 cm 25.0 m Gozlan, 1999
Chondrostoma nasus Mean of 39.9 cm 39.9 m Kamler and Keckeis, 2000
Chondrostoma nasus 10 to 30 cm 10.0 m Zbinden and Maier, 1996
Chondrostoma nasus Siginificant selection for depths in range of 0.2-0.3 m (nearly 60% of all measurements) 0.25 m Keckeis, 2001
Chondrostoma nasus Spawn in shallow water (20-50 cm) 35.0 m Ahnelt and Keckeis, 1994
Chondrostoma nasus Eggs are deposited on shallow depth (< 1m) 1.0 m Prawochenski, 1964
Chondrostoma toxostoma Very shallow waters No data Billard, 1997
Chondrostoma toxostoma Deep pools No data Gozlan, 1999
Chondrostoma toxostoma Shallow water No data Bensettiti and Gaudillat, 2002
Chondrostoma toxostoma Shallow water No data Internet
Ctenopharyngodon idella Shalllow waters No data Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Ctenopharyngodon idella Shallow waters: tens of centimeters to 2 m of waters 2.0 m Krykhtin and Gorbach, 1982
Cyprinus carpio Shallow areas, near surface No data Internet, 2005
Cyprinus carpio Shallow areas No data Lafaille and Crivelli, 2001
Cyprinus carpio Shallow No data Fishbase, 2006
Cyprinus carpio Shallow areas No data Crivelli, 1981
Cyprinus carpio The spawning act occurs in shoreline areas (water < 1 m deep) 1.0 m Smith, 2004
Cyprinus carpio To 20 Ft, but usually less than 3 feet, and often 3 inches-1 feet 20.0 m Goodyear, 1982
Cyprinus carpio Many an early morning, the bass fisherman, casting into weedy shallows, has been startled by the sudden arrival of one or more groups of spawning carp No data Scott and Crossman, 1973
Gobio gobio 5 to 8 cm deep and 40-50 cm deep 45.0 m Kennedy and Fitzmaurice, 1972
Gobio gobio Shallow waters No data Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Near the bottom of river No data Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Deep water No data Billard, 1997
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Shallow waters: tens of centimeters to 2 m of waters 2.0 m Krykhtin and Gorbach, 1982
Leuciscus cephalus Shallow waters: 0.1-0.3 m BUT one population spawned at depth up to 1.28 m 0.2 m Arlinghaus and Wolter, 2003
Leuciscus cephalus The water depth varied between 0.1-10 5.05 m Fredrich, 2003
Leuciscus idus Shallow waters No data Billard, 1997
Leuciscus idus Shallow waters No data Fishbase, 2006
Leuciscus leuciscus Shallow waters No data Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Leuciscus leuciscus Shallow waters No data Persat, 2001
Leuciscus leuciscus Shallow waters No data Fishbase, 2006
Leuciscus leuciscus The eggs were, however, widely and adundantly distributed in the riffle in depths of 25 to 40 cm from just above the pool 25.0 m Kennedy, 1969
Phoxinus phoxinus Shallow waters No data Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Phoxinus phoxinus Shallow waters No data Spillmann, 1961
Phoxinus phoxinus Shallow waters No data Billard, 1997
Phoxinus phoxinus Shallow water (a few cm deep) No data Papadopol and Weinberger, 1975
Phoxinus phoxinus The minnows, which were in great numbers were in gravelly, fairly swiftly flowing shallows at the side of the stream No data Frost, 1943
Pimephales promelas Under 1 m 1.0 m DeWitt, 1993
Pimephales promelas 0.6-0.9 m deep 0.75 m Kerr and Grant, 1999
Pimephales promelas 3-18 inches 10.5 m Goodyear, 1982
Pseudorasbora parva Shallow No data Coad, 2005
Pseudorasbora parva Shallow No data Makeyeva and Mokamed, 1982
Pseudorasbora parva Takes place in the littoral No data Witkowski, 2006
Pseudorasbora parva Shallow parts of ponds and rivers No data Katano and Maekawa, 1997
Rutilus rutilus Near the surface No data Diamond, 1985
Rutilus rutilus Near the surface of the water No data Gillet and Quétin, 2006
Rutilus rutilus In relatively shallow waters No data Kortet, 2004b
Scardinius erythrophthalmus Shallow waters : 0.1 to 1 m 0.1 m Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Scardinius erythrophthalmus Shallow waters No data Lafaille, 2001
Scardinius erythrophthalmus Shallow waters No data Fishbase, 2006
Scardinius erythrophthalmus 0.1-0.9 m deep 0.5 m Environment agency, 1996
Scardinius erythrophthalmus Move inshore No data Hicks, 2003
Tinca tinca Shallow : 0.5-0.8 m 0.65 m Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Tinca tinca Shallow No data Feunteun, 2001
Tinca tinca At depth of 0.5-3 m 1.75 m Linhart and Billard, 1995
Tinca tinca Shallow water No data Environment agency, 1996
Vimba vimba Shallow No data Maitland, 1977
Vimba vimba Shallow gravelled segments of the riverbed there No data Kesminas, 1999
Esox masquinongy Water deeper than 1 m 1.0 m Farrell, 1996
Esox masquinongy Areas 37-50 deep up to over 3 m 43.5 m Dombeck, 1984
Esox masquinongy 30-50 cm [15-20 inches deep] 40.0 m Scott and Crossman, 1973
Esox masquinongy Water 38-51 cm in depth [Sometimes up to 3 meters deep] 44.5 m Kerr and Grant, 1999
Esox masquinongy 6 inches 15 feet, usually less than 3 feet 6.0 m Goodyear, 1982
Esox masquinongy Shallow water, often just six to 12 inches deep 12.0 m Pennslylvania fishes, 2006
Esox masquinongy Shallow water (less than 1 m deep) 1.0 m Miller and Menzel, 1986
Esox masquinongy Occurs in shallow water (less than 1 m deep) 1.0 m Rust, 2002
Esox masquinongy Shallow No data Clemmons and Newman, 1997
Esox niger Shallow water (1 to 3 m) 1.0 m Coffie, 1998
Esox niger 1 to 3 m deep [3-10 feet deep] 6.5 m Scott and Crossman, 1973
Esox niger At depth of 3 to 10 feet 3.0 m Wynne, 2006
Esox lucius Shallow (0.2-1 m), that quickly warm 0.6 m Souchon, 1983
Esox lucius Areas less than 1 m deep 1.0 m Farrell, 1996
Esox lucius 0.10-0.75 0.425 m Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Esox lucius Prefer to spawn in 50 cm of water or less, and most spawn in 25 cm with a minimum of 5 to 7 cm 50.0 m Toner and Lawler, 1969
Esox lucius Near the surface No data Franklin and Smith, 1963
Esox lucius Shallow waters, maximum 50 cm 50.0 m Billard, 1996
Esox lucius Shallow waters No data Billard, 1997
Esox lucius 0.3-1 0.65 m Le Louarn and Feunteun, 2001
Esox lucius 0.3-0.8 m 0.55 m Lucas, 1992
Esox lucius Are usually no deeper than 178 mm but can be up to 450 mm deep 178.0 m Kerr and Grant, 1999
Esox lucius Generally 5-60 cm [also in Shallow vegetated area <4 m deep] 32.5 m Bradbury, 1999
Esox lucius To 24 feet, but usually less than 6 feet and often less than 2 feet 24.0 m Goodyear, 1982
Esox lucius Shallow water No data Engström-öst and Lehtiniemi, 2004
Esox lucius Shallow waters (depth < 1 m) 1.0 m Vehniäinen, 2007
Esox lucius These reed belts extend from supra-littoral zone to a depth of usually 1-1.5 m 1.25 m Lappalainen, 2008
Lota lota Sometimes quite deep in lakes No data Spillmann, 1961
Lota lota Shallow water: 2-3 deep 2.5 m Van Houdt, 2003
Lota lota 0.5-1.5 [2-3 m in lakes] 1.0 m Persat, 2001
Lota lota Usually at 0.3-1.20 m (1-4 feet) of water, but circumstantial evidence that burbit spawn in deep water 0.75 m Scott and Crossman, 1973
Lota lota In lakes, spawning occurs in areas with little accumulation of silt or detritus, usually at depths of 0.3-3.0 m, but has been reported at depths of 18-20 m 1.65 m Bradbury, 1999
Lota lota The spawning act was accomplished near the surface No data Hewson, 1955
Lota lota Shallow lakes with well oxygenated water are selected by burbot for spawning No data Kujawa, 2002
Lota lota 1-480 feet, bh deepwater and shallow-water are reported 240.5 m Goodyear, 1982
Gasterosteus aculeatus Shallow waters : 5-20 cm 12.5 m Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Gasterosteus aculeatus Shallow No data Scott and Crossman, 1973
Gasterosteus aculeatus < 50 cm 50.0 m Poulin and Fitzgerald, 1989
Gasterosteus aculeatus Generally nest in water less than 30 cm deep 30.0 m Fitzgerald, 1983
Gasterosteus aculeatus Males generally avoid nesting in water shallower than 0.2 m and have been observed nesting at depths of up to 40 m 0.2 m Bradbury, 1999
Gasterosteus aculeatus About 10 inches, but as shallow as 1-2 inches 1.5 m Goodyear, 1982
Pungitius pungitius Generally nest in water less than 30 cm deep 30.0 m Fitzgerald, 1983
Pungitius pungitius Shallow areas, yet spawning has been observed at depths of 5-40 m in some areas 22.5 m Bradbury, 1999
Pungitius pungitius To 144 feet, but usually less than 60 feet, usually nests 1-8 inches above substrates 4.5 m Goodyear, 1982
Ambloplites rupestris Shallow waters: mean water depth of nests was 77.4 cm. While nests ranged from 45 to 138 cm depth, the majority of males (64%) nested between 50 and 69 cm 77.4 m Gross and Nowell, 1980
Ambloplites rupestris 50-75 cm in depth 62.5 m Kerr and Grant, 1999
Ambloplites rupestris To 20 feet, usually less than 6 feet 20.0 m Goodyear, 1982
Ambloplites rupestris Mean water depth over nest is 60.33 ± 0.92 cm 60.33 m Noltie and Keenleyside, 1987
Lepomis gibbosus Large nests are built in deeper water, and small ones in periphery No data Internet, 2005
Lepomis gibbosus Shallow waters No data Carrel, 2001
Lepomis gibbosus 15.2-30.5 cm 22.85 m Scott and Crossman, 1973
Lepomis gibbosus Very shallow waters No data Fishbase, 2006
Lepomis gibbosus Shallow waters: 20.3-40.6 cm or 15.2-30.5 cm or 15.2-45.7 30.45 m Kerr and Grant, 1999
Lepomis gibbosus Nest were located at between 40 to 45 cm deep 40.0 m Shao, 1997
Lepomis gibbosus 3 inches to 7 feet 3.0 m Goodyear, 1982
Micropterus dolomieui Shallow water No data Internet, 2005
Micropterus dolomieui Shallow waters No data Fishbase, 2006
Micropterus dolomieui Spawns in 61-610 cm of water 335.5 m Scott and Crossman, 1973
Micropterus dolomieui 22-128 cm 75.0 m Iguchi, 2004
Micropterus dolomieui Average water depth at the nest was 104 cm 104.0 m McNeill, 1995
Micropterus dolomieui At wa water depth of 0.6-1.2 0.9 m Turner and MacCrimmon, 1970
Micropterus dolomieui To 20 ft, usually less than 6 ft 20.0 m Goodyear, 1982
Micropterus dolomieui At depths of 0.4 to 2.0 m 0.4 m Knotek and Orth, 1998
Micropterus salmoides Mainly in water deep 0.33 to 1.3 meter (up to 5.5 m) 0.33 m Heidinger, 1976
Micropterus salmoides Nest are constructed mainly in shallow waters (45-80cm) 62.5 m Spillmann, 1961
Micropterus salmoides Range from 30 cm to 8 m but mainly in less than one meter 30.0 m Newburg, 1975
Micropterus salmoides Shallow inshore waters No data Internet, 2005
Micropterus salmoides Shallow : 0.3-1.3 m 0.8 m Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Micropterus salmoides Shallow waters No data Carrel and Schlumberger, 2001
Micropterus salmoides Shallow waters No data Fishbase, 2006
Micropterus salmoides Usually 30.5-122 cm deep 76.25 m Scott and Crossman, 1973
Micropterus salmoides 0.33-1.33 deep 0.83 m Kerr and Grant, 1999
Micropterus salmoides To 15 ft, usually less than 6 ft 15.0 m Goodyear, 1982
Dicentrarchus labrax Mostly at depth < 10 m, yet spawners ready to spawn were found at 40-50 m deep 45.0 m Barnabé, 1980
Morone americana Shallow: 0-3.7 m 1.85 m Scott and Crossman, 1973
Morone americana Spawning is in water less than 7 m deep, 0.9-6.1 m in estuaries, and 0 to 1.5 m in lakes 3.5 m Stanley and Danie, 1983
Morone americana In less than 6 meters of water 6.0 m Rue, 2001
Morone chrysops 0.6-2 m 1.3 m Internet, 2005
Morone chrysops Shallow waters No data Kohler, 1997
Morone chrysops Adults typically spawn near the surface, and eggs are fertilized as they sink to the bottom No data Anonymous, 2006 Chapter 3
Morone chrysops To 36 feet 36.0 m Goodyear, 1982
Morone saxatilis Release gametes at the water surface No data Sullivan, 1997
Morone saxatilis Spawn near the surface No data Burdick and Hightower, 2005
Gymnocephalus cernuus Shallow water with aquatic macrophytes No data Craig, 2000
Gymnocephalus cernuus Shallow water No data Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Gymnocephalus cernuus Often moves from deep to shallow areas to spawn No data Crosier, 2005
Gymnocephalus cernuus Shallow waters, usually less than 3 meters 3.0 m Ogle, 1998
Gymnocephalus cernuus Most spawning occurs at a depth of less than 1 m 1.0 m Leino and McCormick, 1997
Gymnocephalus cernuus Shallow water No data Environment agency, 1996
Gymnocephalus cernuus Shallow waters No data Maitland, 1977
Perca flavescens Shallow No data Scott and Crossman, 1973
Perca flavescens Shallow : 60-90 cm deep 75.0 m Mansueti, 1964
Perca flavescens 0.5-8 4.25 m Craig, 2000
Perca flavescens In lakes, spawning occrus at water depth from 0.5-3 m altough depths of up to 8 m have been reported in large lakes and reservoirs 1.75 m Kerr and Grant, 1999
Perca fluviatilis Spawn mostly at 0.5-3 m in natural lakes, but may also spawn at depths to 8 m in large lakes and reservoirs 1.75 m Thorpe, 1977
Perca fluviatilis Shallow waters: 0.6-1.50 1.05 m Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Perca fluviatilis Shallow waters: normally 0.5-8 m 4.25 m Craig, 2000
Perca fluviatilis Usually less than 12 m [But the deepest was 26 m] 12.0 m Dalimier, 1982
Perca fluviatilis 0.5-1 m deep 0.75 m Treasurer, 1983
Perca fluviatilis Mean depth of 22.6 cm 22.6 m Smith, 2001
Perca fluviatilis Up to 12 m 12.0 m Dubois, 2001
Perca fluviatilis At the beginning of the spawning period, perch preferentially laid their eggs at a depth of 4 m in lake Geneva, while at the end of the spawning period, a depth of 12 m was preferred by the spawners 4.0 m Gillet, 1995
Perca fluviatilis Spawn in shallow water (usually <3m), althoug egg-masses are know to deposit at depths of 4 to 14 m in some deeper lakes 3.0 m Urho, 1996
Perca fluviatilis Different water depths No data Mansour, 2008
Sander lucioperca Most at 1-3 m, but sometimes at 8 m 2.0 m Lappaleinen, 2003
Sander lucioperca Shallow waters : 2-2.5 m 2.25 m Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Sander lucioperca 0.5-1.0 but in lakes 0.5-17 0.75 m Craig, 2000
Sander lucioperca Quite deep No data Spillmann, 1961
Sander lucioperca Quite deep water No data Billard, 1997
Sander lucioperca 0.5-1.0 m [But in still waters up to 11-17 m ] 0.75 m Deeler and Willemsen, 1964
Sander lucioperca 1.10, up to 6 m 1.1 m Laurent, 1973
Sander lucioperca The depths of spawning grounds range between 0.7-2.5 m or 1-3 m 1.6 m Lehtonen, 1996
Sander lucioperca Spawns in depth from 1 to 5-6 m in rivers and up to 17 m in lakes 5.5 m Schlumberger and Proteau, 1996
Sander lucioperca Shallow waters No data Dubois, 1996
Sander vitreus Shallow waters: from a few centimeters to several meters, as shallow as 10.1 cm to 4.57 m 10.1 m Colby, 1979
Sander vitreus Shallow waters No data Scott and Crossman, 1973
Sander vitreus Spawn at depth of 4 cm to 3 m 4.0 m Kerr and Grant, 1999
Coregonus lavaretus 0.5-2 m deep 1.25 m Skurdal, 1985
Coregonus lavaretus 0.3-1 up to 1.5 [Less than 10 m, except in very big and deep lakes] 0.65 m Zuromska, 1982
Coregonus lavaretus 0.5-10 5.25 m Salojarvi, 1982
Coregonus lavaretus Summer spawning takes place in deeper water than winter spawning No data Coad, 2006
Coregonus lavaretus Less than 7.6 m 7.6 m Bagenal, 1970
Coregonus lavaretus Seem to be 7 m 7.0 m Mack and Billard, 1984
Coregonus albula 1.5-10 [Does not excced 10, except some very deep and big lakes] 5.75 m Zuromska, 1982
Coregonus albula 0.2-0.3 m or more 0.25 m Maitland, 1977
Coregonus clupeaformis Shallow waters at depth of less than 7.6 m 7.6 m Scott and Crossman, 1973
Coregonus clupeaformis Spawn at depths between 1.8-18.3 m [Either at 9 m, 6-14 m deep, or 7.6 m ] 10.05 m Kerr and Grant, 1999
Coregonus clupeaformis Several inches-100 feet, but usually less than 30 feet, often spawn in shallower portions of same reefs used by lake trout 100.0 m Goodyear, 1982
Coregonus clupeaformis Shallow water at depth of less than 7.6 m 7.6 m Anonymous, 2006 Chapter 3
Coregonus clupeaformis Spawning in small lakes occurs most frequently at depths <5m, while it may occur uo to 30 m in larger lakes 5.0 m Bradbury, 1999
Coregonus clupeaformis Usually 2-4 m deep, or less than 5 m 3.0 m Mack and Billard, 1984
Hucho hucho 0.30-1.20 0.75 m Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Hucho hucho 0.3-1.2 m 0.75 m Jatteau, 1991
Hucho hucho 0.3-1.5 0.9 m Fishbase, 2006
Hucho hucho Often chooses for spawning the stream section with a depth from 0.4-0.6 m 0.5 m Witkowski, 1988
Hucho hucho 60-100 cm 80.0 m Witokowski and Kokurewicz, 1981
Hucho hucho 30-60 cm 45.0 m Prawochensky and Kolder, 1968
Hucho hucho Average depth of one meter No data Jungwirth, 1978
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha Usually 30 to 100 cm in depth [In dry years, spawning can occur at 10-15 cm] 12.5 m Groot, 1996
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha Spawn at depths of 0.5 and 2.0 m, but in the greater part of the spawning grounds depths of 0.7 to 1.0 predominate 0.5 m Golobanov, 1982
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha About 30.5-61 cm 45.75 m Scott and Crossman, 1973
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 6 inches - 2 feet 6.0 m Goodyear, 1982
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha 0.2-0.5 m 0.35 m Bradbury, 1999
Oncorhynchus keta Average depth of nests ranges from 21.5 to 42.5 21.5 m Groot, 1996
Oncorhynchus keta Eggs are deposited mainly at 20-30 cm deep 25.0 m Leman, 1993
Oncorhynchus keta About 3 m 3.0 m Fishbase, 2006
Oncorhynchus keta 0.3-2.0 1.15 m Volobuev and Volobuev, 2000
Oncorhynchus keta The average water depth over chum salmon redds in Oregon streams was 30 cm, whilein Washington streams it ranged from 23 to 46 cm 30.0 m Pauley, 1988
Oncorhynchus keta About 20 to 110 cm 20.0 m Bakkala, 1970
Oncorhynchus kisutch Range from 10 to 45 cm 10.0 m Groot, 1996
Oncorhynchus kisutch Shallow No data Scott and Crossman, 1973
Oncorhynchus kisutch 0.05-0.66 m [Prefers shallower streams than O. tshawytscha] 0.355 m Kerr and Grant, 1999
Oncorhynchus kisutch Minimum depth reported as 6 in ches, and also as shallow as 2 inches 6.0 m Goodyear, 1982
Oncorhynchus mykiss Between 10 and 150 cm 10.0 m Groot, 1996
Oncorhynchus mykiss 0.-1.5 m 0.75 m Kerr and Grant, 1999
Oncorhynchus mykiss Almost exclusively on shallow, gravel bottomed streams, <1.5 m 1.5 m Bradbury, 1999
Oncorhynchus nerka 1-30 feet 15.5 m Goodyear, 1982
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Several meters depth, but also only a few centimetres of water No data Groot, 1996
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Shallow riffle areas No data Internet, 2005
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Spawning sites ate located where water becomes shallow, at the top of a slope of a riffle [About 50-70], bit do not spawn in shallow areas with depths less than 10-15 cm 60.0 m Vronskii and Leman, 1991
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha They tend to spawn on deeper waters than other salmons No data Scott and Crossman, 1973
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha 0.5-4 m 2.25 m Kerr and Grant, 1999
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha 1-6 feet 3.5 m Goodyear, 1982
Salmo salar Shallow, about 30 cm 30.0 m Groot, 1996
Salmo salar About 20-30 cm 25.0 m Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Salmo salar About 10-30 cm deep 20.0 m Fishbase, 2006
Salmo salar "0.15-0.91 m and 0.30-0.45 m given as ""optimum""" 0.53 m Crisp, 1996
Salmo salar 0.5-1 0.75 m Bensettiti and Gaudillat, 2002
Salmo salar To 4 feet 4.0 m Goodyear, 1982
Salmo salar 20-55 cm 37.5 m Louhi, 2008
Salmo trutta fario 20-40 cm 30.0 m Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Salmo trutta fario 15-90 cm [Optimal depths are from 24-46 cm with the preferred depth arounf 31-32] 52.5 m Groot, 1996
Salmo trutta fario Shallow No data Scott and Crossman, 1973
Salmo trutta fario "0.15-0.91 m and 0.30-0.45 m given as ""optimum""" 0.53 m Crisp, 1996
Salmo trutta fario Mean depth of 28 cm, min 10 cm and max 54 cm 28.0 m Plasseraud, 1990
Salmo trutta fario Water depths at the spawning grounds were similar 20-30 cm 25.0 m Jonsson and Jonsson, 2006
Salmo trutta fario To 4 feet 4.0 m Goodyear, 1982
Salmo trutta fario 15-45 cm 30.0 m Louhi, 2008
Salvelinus alpinus Either swallow waters or at depth of 120 m 120.0 m Guillard, 1992
Salvelinus alpinus Most spawning sites are located at 50-120 m in the Léman Lake and char don't seem to to use areas in more shallow waters 85.0 m Rubin and Buttiker, 1992
Salvelinus alpinus 3-6 [up to 100 in european lakes] 4.5 m Groot, 1996
Salvelinus alpinus Depends from 60-80 m in deep lakes to shallow waters 1-3 70.0 m Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Salvelinus alpinus Sometimes up to 40-120 m 80.0 m Gerdeaux, 2001
Salvelinus alpinus Average depth is 1 m, and 2.5-3.5 m 3.0 m Pavlov, 1994
Salvelinus alpinus 1.0-4.5 m 2.75 m Scott and Crossman, 1973
Salvelinus alpinus Depending on the site, water depths may vary from one to 11 m, and as deep as 100 m 11.0 m Kerr and Grant, 1999
Salvelinus alpinus In streams, spawning usually occurs at depths of 1.5-2 m with is sufficient to keep the eggs safe from winter ice, but has been reported at depths ranging from 1-11 m. Lake-spawning normally occurs adjacent to inlet streams at depths of 0.5-1.5 m, but has been observed at depths ranging from 2-6 m. [Depths ranging from 0.3 to 120 m] 1.75 m Bradbury, 1999
Salvelinus alpinus 1-2 m deep 1.5 m Beddow, 1998
Salvelinus alpinus Normal charr males occupied the upper 15 m of the depth gradient in the spawning area from about 3 wk before spawning started until the end of the spawning period. 15.0 m Jonsson and Hindar, 1982
Salvelinus alpinus Spawning in the lake occurs at a depth between 60 to 80 m 60.0 m Gillet, 1991
Salvelinus alpinus In Tyrolean lake, the spawning sites ate situated at depths around 5 m 5.0 m Gruber and Wieser, 1983
Salvelinus fontinalis Shallow waters, mostly below 1 m but range between 0.60-2.60 m 1.6 m Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Salvelinus fontinalis Shallow No data Scott and Crossman, 1973
Salvelinus fontinalis 20-55 cm deep 37.5 m Snucins, 1992
Salvelinus fontinalis The depth of the water is mostly 50-75 cm, but can fluctuate up to 15 cm during the spawning season, and as much as 30 cm at other times of the season 62.5 m Fraser, 1985
Salvelinus fontinalis In lakes, spawning has been observed at depths ranging from 0.1-8.0, but occurs most commonly at depth < 2 m 4.05 m Bradbury, 1999
Salvelinus fontinalis Spawning sites are generally located near shore in water anywhere between 1.0 m or less and 2.4 m deep 1.0 m Kerr and Grant, 1999
Salvelinus fontinalis Redds were located in the shallow littoral zone (1994, 1± 0.4 m, 1995, 1.6 ± 0.5 m) and near shore 1.0 m Blanchfield and Ridgway, 1997
Salvelinus fontinalis Most redds were found in water approximatively 1 m deep 1.0 m Ridgway and Blanchfiled, 1998
Salvelinus fontinalis 10 inches to 5 feet in streams, to more than 8 feets in lakes 10.0 m Goodyear, 1982
Salvelinus namaycush Depth of less than 12.2, and sometimes as shallow as 30 cm 12.2 m Scott and Crossman, 1973
Salvelinus namaycush Deep water (40-60 m ) over beds of macrophytes [Only one report] 50.0 m Beauchamp, 1992
Salvelinus namaycush Lake trout spawn at a great variety of depths, less than 36.6 m [Most inland lake spawning shoals are less than six meters deep, also observed between 15 cm to 3.7 m deep] Some population choose to spawn over deep-water mounds (40-60 m) covered with beds of Clara delicauta 50.0 m Kerr and Grant, 1999
Salvelinus namaycush Spawn over a variety of depths rangin from 0.5-55m, or greater than 100 m. In larger lakes, psanwing typically occurs at depths between 5 and 10 m, while in smaller lakes spawning has been reported to occur at depths between 0.1-5 m 27.75 m Bradbury, 1999
Salvelinus namaycush Few inches - 600 feet, depending on race of Lake trout, planted varieties usually at depths less than 30 feet 600.0 m Goodyear, 1982
Stenodus leucichthys Shallow No data Belyaeva, 2005
Stenodus leucichthys Near the surface No data Fishbase, 2006
Stenodus leucichthys Depth 2-3 m 2.5 m Chereshnev, 2000
Thymallus thymallus Shallow : 20 to 50 cm 20.0 m Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Thymallus thymallus Water depth 30-40 cm [Sometimes up to 88 cm] 35.0 m Poncin, 1996
Thymallus thymallus About 20-30 cm 25.0 m Persat, 2001
Thymallus thymallus Strong selection of depths between 10 and 40 cm, no spawning sites were found at depths of less than 10 cm or more than 60 cm, although these depths were available 10.0 m Sempeski and Gaudin, 1995
Thymallus thymallus Depth < 40 cm were clearly avoided, prefereed 30-40 cm, nests were found at 38-106 cm deep 35.0 m Nykänen and Huusko, 2002
Thymallus thymallus Seems to prefer water with water depth of 60-80 cm 70.0 m Nykänen, 2004
Thymallus thymallus 0.55-1.15 m 0.85 m Meyer, 2001
Thymallus thymallus Shallow No data Northcote, 1995
Thymallus thymallus 0.2-0.65 0.425 m Crisp, 1996
Thymallus thymallus In the net catches from different depths (0.2-10.0 m), most fish with flowing sex products were caught from depth of 0.2-1.5 m, between 1600 and 2400 h 5.1 m Zaytsev, 1987
Thymallus thymallus Most spawing occurred in 20-55 cm water depth 37.5 m Darchambeau and Poncin, 1997
Thymallus thymallus Dans une eau très peu profonde. Sur 20 unions observées en rivières, 17 eurent lieu alors qu'on voyait le dos des poissons 20.0 m Vivier, 1958
Thymallus arcticus 10-40 cm 25.0 m Northcote, 1995
Thymallus arcticus 10-40 cm 25.0 m Northcote, 1993
Thymallus arcticus The depth was about 3 feet 3.0 m Bishop, 1971
Cottus gobio From 5 cm in riffles, to about 60 cm in pools, mostly less than 30 cm 5.0 m Marconato and Bisazza, 1988
Cottus gobio The water depths were <40 cm at the end of the low flow period 40.0 m Abdoli, 2005
Ameiurus nebulosus As shallow as 15.2 cm but as deep as about 1 m 15.2 m Scott and Crossman, 1973
Ameiurus nebulosus 152 mm or more, as deep as 0.6-1.2 m 0.9 m Kerr and Grant, 1999
Ameiurus nebulosus 3 inches - 5 feet 3.0 m Goodyear, 1982
Ictalurus punctatus In shallow waters, 2-4 m deep 3.0 m Kerr and Grant, 1999
Ictalurus punctatus To 42 feet, usually less than 12 feet 42.0 m Goodyear, 1982
Silurus glanis Shallow waters No data Maitland, 1977
Osmerus eperlanus Greatly varies, from several centimetres to several metres, up to 17 m in some lakes 17.0 m Belyanina, 1969
Osmerus eperlanus Depths of the spawning grounds range from 0.4 to 3.7 m in individual lakes. 1-2 m in rivers 1.5 m Ivanova and Polovka, 1972
Osmerus eperlanus Water depths at low tide of 0.1 to 1.3 m 0.1 m Buckley, 1989
Osmerus eperlanus Varies from shallow water to deep water No data Maitland, 2003