Larvae - Sibling intracohort cannibalism



Species Primary Data Secondary Data References
Anguilla anguilla Present Present Hecht and Pienaar, 1993
Anguilla anguilla A RELIRE :!!! Absent Degani and Levanon, 1983
Aristichthys nobilis Cannibalism is observed in juveniles Present Kozlowski and Poczyczynski, 1999
Carassius auratus Cannibaslim by the parents on eggs and larvae ! Absent Horvath, 1992
Chondrostoma toxostoma No cannibalism or aggressive behaviour was observed Absent Gozlan, 1999
Ctenopharyngodon idella Cannibalism is observed in juveniles Present Kozlowski and Poczyczynski, 1999
Ctenopharyngodon idella No evidence of any form of aggression or cannibalism in silver carp, grasscarp Absent Hecht and Pienaar, 1993
Cyprinus carpio Cannibaslim during early life of enclosures Absent Dabrowski and Bardega, 1984
Cyprinus carpio Cannibalism as a possible cause of missing larvae (less than 7% in fed groups, less than 11% in unfed groups) was quite insufficient th explain the growth of living larvae Present Charlon and Bergot, 1984
Cyprinus carpio Sibling cannibaslim started in populations with a mean total length of c. 10.2 mm (on the 9th day after the start of exogeneous feeding) and with a cannibal to prey length ratio of 1.8 (12.9:7.2 mm). In all aquaria, cannibalism ceased when a mean total length of c. 35 mm was attained (after c. 55 days). Cannibalism was found to be positvely density-dependent Present Van Damme, 1989
Cyprinus carpio Cannibalism observed Present Bry, 1992
Cyprinus carpio Present Present Hecht and Pienaar, 1993
Cyprinus carpio Cannibalism is observed in juveniles Present Kozlowski and Poczyczynski, 1999
Cyprinus carpio Larval cannibalism was described in Koi carp, Cyprinus carpio Present Hatziathanasiou, 2002
Gobio gobio Not any cannibalism has ever been observed Absent Chemillier, 1995
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix No evidence of any form of aggression or cannibalism in silver carp, grasscarp Absent Hecht and Pienaar, 1993
Leucaspius delineatus With the onset of spawning period, adults may turn on feeding on their own eggs and larvae Absent Pipoyan, 1996
Leucaspius delineatus Throughout the spawing season, filial and hetero-cannibaslim was observed in all groups of individuals except parasitic males. Cannibalism in males guarding the nest site containing eggs was rare Present Gozlan, 2003
Phoxinus phoxinus Not described Absent Soin, 1982
Tinca tinca Unlike typical predatory fish such as northern pike Esox lucius that require, in order to avoid cannibalism, almost continuous intensive feeding throughout the rearing period, 24 h feeding or larval cyrpinids is generally not necessary Present Wolnicki,2003
Esox masquinongy If the grading extends over too long a period, cannibalism takes its toll of fish Present Sorenson, 1966
Esox masquinongy At that stage of development, the muskellunge were progressing from the larval to the juvenile period, and cannibalism was first detected Present Anonymous, 1982
Esox niger The species is cannibalistic under certain conditions Present Coffie, 1998
Esox niger NO INFORMATIONS Absent Armbruster, 1959
Esox lucius Cannibalism occured at the age of 3 weeks Present Wurtz, 1944
Esox lucius Within 2 weeks, cannibalism among the young pike became apparent Present Bryan, 1967
Esox lucius Cannibalism occured during the third weeks, at a size of 2.5 and below Present Chodorowski, 1975
Esox lucius Cannibalistic [This is the cannibalistic individuals that grow bigger and faster] Present Chodorowska and Chodorowski, 1975
Esox lucius Cannibalism is common in pike, may occur as early as 21 mm [Cannibalism intensity is highest where growth is omst heterogeneous] Present Bry and Gillet, 1980
Esox lucius At a size of 9 cm, it becomes cannibalistic, but could ocur earlier at 2.3 cm if insect populations are absent Absent Balvay, 1983
Esox lucius At 28-35 days cannibalism occured indepedently in all 12 tanks. The mean age at first cannibalism was 32 days (s.d. = 1.5 days) which occured at a mean length of 30.3 mm (s.d. 4.3 mm) Present Giles, 1986
Esox lucius "Cannibalism was observed from 21 days after the exogeneous feeding [mean total length 60 mm], most are ""Type II cannibalism"". May start at a total length of 21-23 mm" Present Bry, 1992
Esox lucius Present Present Hecht and Pienaar, 1993
Esox lucius The frequency of all cannibalistic attacks decreased in the order: highest>middle>lowest density Present Kucharczyk, 1997
Esox lucius Cannibalism occur when size is about 74 mm Present Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Esox lucius Cannibalism was noticed on the 12th day of the experiment when pike larvae reached 16.0-22.3 mm SL (18.7 mm on average) Present Ziliukiene and Ziliukas, 2006
Lota lota Sibling intracohort cannibalism is present Present Kujawa, 2002
Lota lota No cannibalism occurred at any temperature throughout the experiment, although in this species it may appear at about 12 mm TL Absent Wolnicki, 2002
Gasterosteus aculeatus Male could eat some of their guarded eggs Absent Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Gasterosteus aculeatus Lost of cannibalism Present Crivelli, 2001
Gasterosteus aculeatus Male eat egg and fry Absent Fitzgerald, 1983
Pungitius pungitius Male eat egg and fry Absent Fitzgerald, 1983
Micropterus dolomieui Present Present Chodorowski, 1975
Micropterus salmoides Apparently cannibalism had not decimated the new year classes in ponds stocked with bass alone Present Jonhson and McCrimmon, 1967
Micropterus salmoides Cannibalism occured among 24-mm fish, which reduced overall success rates Present Meyer, 1970
Micropterus salmoides Present Present Chodorowski, 1975
Micropterus salmoides Cannibalism can be a significant influence on young-of-the-year largemouth bass populations, especially when forage fish of suitable size are not available Present Deangelis, 1979
Micropterus salmoides Cannibalism described Present Bry, 1992
Micropterus salmoides Do cannibalims but not precised when ! Absent Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Micropterus salmoides Cannibalism is frequent Present Carrel and Schlumberger, 2001
Micropterus salmoides During the indoor rearing, to reduce size variability and control cannibalism, it was necessary to submit fingerlings to frequent grading: the first at 150-200 mg, the second at 300 mg and third at 400 mg mean weight Present Roncarati, 2005
Dicentrarchus labrax NO INFORMATIONS Absent Barnabé, 1980
Dicentrarchus labrax Sea bass fingerlings, if not fed early in the morning, showed increased cannibalistic activities, 37% of the larger fish filled their stomachs with smaller siblings. The predator must be twice the length of the victim for ingestion. The extent of cannibalism is found to depend on feeding frequency Present Katavic, 1989
Dicentrarchus labrax Cannibalism described Present Bry, 1992
Dicentrarchus labrax Present Present Hecht and Pienaar, 1993
Dicentrarchus labrax Cannibalism was the main cause of death in post-larvae. Two types of cannibalism was detected: type I, attack from tail (observed at the beginning of the stage) and type II, attack from head (observed at the end of the stage) Present Hatziathanasiou, 2002
Morone saxatilis The growth differential among fry of the same age probably accounts for most cannibalistic activities starts about 2-3 weeks after hatching Present Braid, 1981
Morone saxatilis Cannibalism can be a serious problem in intensive culture of striped bass [could start when striped bass larvae were only 6 days Present Katavic, 1989
Morone saxatilis Cannibalism described Present Bry, 1992
Morone saxatilis Present Present Hecht and Pienaar, 1993
Perca flavescens Larvae are cannibalistic on their siblings [Cannibalism by adults also takes place weh nlarvae are > 18 mm] Present Craig, 2000
Perca flavescens The incidence of perch cannibalism was typically most intense in August when young perch averaged 40-70 mm length Present Tarby, 1974
Perca flavescens Yellow perch are known to be cannibaslitic Absent Kerr and Grant, 1999
Perca fluviatilis Present, at about 13 mm Present Goubier, 1990
Perca fluviatilis Cannibalism described Present Bry, 1992
Perca fluviatilis After one month, cannibalism occur in the mornings Present Wang and Eckmann, 1994
Perca fluviatilis Intense sibling cannibalism Present Kestemont, 1996
Perca fluviatilis The impact of cannibalism was proportionally decreased when fish grew more slowly Present Mélard, 1996
Perca fluviatilis One month after hatching, cannibalism occured in the mornings, before food was given Present Craig, 2000
Perca fluviatilis Perch can act as a piscivore from larval stage VI (body size 10.3 mm) on smaller siblings of its own cohort Absent Brabrand, 2001
Perca fluviatilis Is very frequent [Starts at abour 2.5 cm] Absent Dubois, 2001
Perca fluviatilis Data from the present study indicate that cannibalism emergence is not consistenstly size dependent in Eurasian perch larvae or young juveniles, and that re-establishment of this phenomenon at restocking is independent of the initial predator-prey relationship because size heterogeneity is negatively related to growth rate Present Mandiki, 2007
Sander lucioperca Cannibalism seems to be apply only to Central and Eastern European regions, not to Western Europe Present Deeler and Willemsen, 1964
Sander lucioperca In rearing conditions, cannibalism has been observed with individuals 2 to 4 cm long. In natural conditions, the cannibalism is maximal with individuals 1.1-2.0 cm long Present Chodorowski, 1975
Sander lucioperca Cannibalism could be a big problem Present Schlumberger and Proteau, 1993
Sander lucioperca This includes the onset of cannbalism due to the size differences bewteen indifviduals of this species. Bi-modality of size frequency distributions is a well-known phenomenon in this species. An earlier start of cannibaslim was observed in pike-perch of smaller size (less than 30 mm) fed in laboratory experiments using artifical diets, however cannibalism ceases at aout 5 cm body length (1.2 g). Present Hilge and Steffens, 1996
Sander lucioperca The first cannibalistic attacks were observed at 4-6th day after rearing Present Mamcarz, 1997
Sander lucioperca Larvae are cannibalistic on their siblings [Cannibalism by adults also takes place when larvae are > 18 mm] Present Craig, 2000
Sander lucioperca Mortality at all densities was mainly caused by cannibalism II type behaviour (27-35% of total). The first signs of cannibalism were observed in larvae measuring 15 mm in total length, and it increased after the larvae had exceeded 20 mm, consequently, it occurred primarily during the period when they fed exclusively on artificial feed Present Szkudlarek and Zakes, 2007
Sander vitreus Some cannibaslim was noted especially near the end of yolk absorption Absent Hurley, 1972
Sander vitreus Cannibalism is one of the most important source sof predation and in some situations amon fry, it may be the principal factor Present Colby, 1979
Sander vitreus Cannibalism among fry of other piscivorous fish species such as walleyes has greatly reduces production during intensive culture Present Braid, 1981
Sander vitreus """Cohort cannibalism"" behavior dissapeared by the time larvae had reached about 16-19 mm" Present Li and Mathias, 1982
Sander vitreus The occurrence of cannibalism is reported from ages 6 to 16 days after hatching (120-214 DD). Population fry can be decimated unless steps are taken to control cannibalism Present Krise and Meade, 1986
Sander vitreus Cannibalism among other piscivorous fish species such as walleye can greattl reduce production during intensive culture in floating cages Present Katavic, 1989
Sander vitreus Cannibalism produced severe mortality Present Moodie, 1989
Sander vitreus "Cannibalism is frequent in predatory fishes, from ages 6 to 16, related to fish density [Mostly ""Type I ]cannibalism""" Present Bry, 1992
Sander vitreus Present Present Hecht and Pienaar, 1993
Sander vitreus Canibalism can occur in first-feeding fry Absent Colsesante, 1996
Sander vitreus Most mortality from cohort cannibaslim occurs from trunk attacks, not the result of successful consumption f the prey, which is from the tail first. Cannibalism begin as the fry begin feeding Present Summerfelt, 1996
Sander vitreus Larvae are cannibalistic on their siblings [Cannibalism by adults also takes place weh nlarvae are > 18 mm] Present Craig, 2000
Sander vitreus Walleye may turn cannibalistic at two stages during their early life stages. The first stage occurs within a week after hatching if zooplnakton is scarce in ponds, and the second stage develops about midsummer, when the young walleye are ready to feed on fish Present Kestemont and Mélard, 2000
Coregonus lavaretus Whitefish to a large extent cannibalize their own eggs Absent Skurdal, 1985
Coregonus lavaretus Never observed Absent Kozlowski and Poczyczynski, 1999
Coregonus lavaretus NO INFORMATIONS Absent Ylönen and Karjalainen, 2004
Coregonus albula Never observed Absent Kozlowski and Poczyczynski, 1999
Coregonus clupeaformis Never observed, no larval cannibalism was ever observed either in fish reared on artificial feed or on natural food Absent Kozlowski and Poczyczynski, 1999
Hucho hucho Cannibalism occured at fingerling stage in salmonid Present Kozlowski and Poczyczynski, 1999
Hucho hucho The year's cultivation is removed at the end of August or the beginning of september, since cannibalism considerably increases at this time, which can account for half the population in a month Present Penaz and Prihoda, 1981
Oncorhynchus mykiss Present Present Hecht and Pienaar, 1993
Oncorhynchus mykiss Newly hatched rainbow trout are sometimes cannibalized by juveniles of the same species Absent Kerr and Grant, 1999
Oncorhynchus mykiss The most numerous of the possible egg eaters seen around rainbow trout redds were juvenile of six to eight inches Absent Greeley, 1932
Salmo trutta fario It is probable that the smaller brown trout may be successful in picking up a few of the eggs of their own species Absent Greeley, 1932
Salvelinus alpinus It is not an uncommon occurrence that a young salmonid, having become cannibalistic, will take several days to fully ingest a captured sibling of similar dimensions Present Aasjord and Wallace, 1987
Salvelinus fontinalis Small, mature males were the most abundant of the egg eaters Absent Greeley, 1932
Thymallus arcticus Most of the grayling were eating fish eggs, but it was impossible to tell whether they were grayling of pike eggs Absent Bishop, 1971
Cottus gobio Male eat some eggs that they guard Absent Bruslé and Quignard, 2001
Cottus gobio The occurrence of egg cannibalism in guarding male varied throughout the season and reached a maximum of 80% in the sample of 12 March Present Marconato and Bisazza, 1988
Silurus glanis Fish loss to cannibalims was equal to 2% and 17 % of overall mortality in these groups respectively Absent Wolnicki, 1998
Silurus glanis In the course of the trial, the fish manifested neither sibling cannibalism nor any indications of an aggressive behavior Absent Wolnicki and Myszkowski, 1998
Silurus glanis Cannibalism was 7% lower in case of fish reared in darkness than in group [The level of cannibalism was directly related to stocking density in that experiment]. Cannibalism may be reduced by fish rearing in darkness, at stocking densities under 25 ind. dm-3 Present Kozlowski and Poczyczynski, 1999